How to format your references using the Journal of Hand Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Hand Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Rodnina MV. Biochemistry. Translocation in action. Science. 2013;340(6140):1534-1535.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Anderson JD, Schubert G. Saturn’s gravitational field, internal rotation, and interior structure. Science. 2007;317(5843):1384-1387.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Gao G, Guo X, Goff SP. Inhibition of retroviral RNA production by ZAP, a CCCH-type zinc finger protein. Science. 2002;297(5587):1703-1706.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Herbst W, Hamilton CM, LeDuc K, et al. Reflected light from sand grains in the terrestrial zone of a protoplanetary disk. Nature. 2008;452(7184):194-197.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Tatham M, Morton K. Developments in Speech Synthesis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1.
Maglyas A, Lamprecht A-L, eds. Software Business: 7th International Conference, ICSOB 2016, Ljubljana, Slovenia, June 13-14, 2016, Proceedings. Vol 240. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Atef M, Zimmermann H. Discrete Photodiodes. In: Zimmermann H, ed. Optoelectronic Circuits in Nanometer CMOS Technology. Springer Series in Advanced Microelectronics. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016:59-65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Hand Therapy.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Birth Year Linked To Obesity. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. NASA Report May Overstate the Economic Benefits of Research and Development Spending. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Britt AL. The Long-Term Impact of Preschool Education on Student Achievement. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Rothenberg B. Nadal and Federer Steady a Collision Course. New York Times. September 3, 2017:SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Hand Therapy
AbbreviationJ. Hand Ther.
ISSN (print)0894-1130
ScopeRehabilitation
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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