How to format your references using the Landslides citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Landslides. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heimann M (2005) Obituary: Charles David Keeling 1928-2005. Nature 437:331
A journal article with 2 authors
de Brito OM, Scorrano L (2008) Mitofusin 2 tethers endoplasmic reticulum to mitochondria. Nature 456:605–610
A journal article with 3 authors
Gilbert IR, Jarvis PG, Smith H (2001) Proximity signal and shade avoidance differences between early and late successional trees. Nature 411:792–795
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Schnorrer F, Schönbauer C, Langer CCH, et al (2010) Systematic genetic analysis of muscle morphogenesis and function in Drosophila. Nature 464:287–291

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Samonas M (2015) Financial Forecasting, Analysis, and Modelling. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Preedy VR (ed) (2012) Handbook of Growth and Growth Monitoring in Health and Disease. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Balen A (2008) Polycystic Ovary Versus Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. In: Dunaif A, Chang RJ, Franks S, Legro RS (eds) Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Current Controversies, From The Ovary To The Pancreas. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp 37–49

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Landslides.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Scotland To Ban Growing Commercial GM Crops. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Deaf and Hard of Hearing Children: Federal Support for Developing Language and Literacy. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Filomena TP (2010) Technology portfolio and capacity expansion under uncertainty. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Rich N (2014) The New Origin of the Species. New York Times MM24

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heimann 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Heimann 2005; de Brito and Scorrano 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (de Brito and Scorrano 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Schnorrer et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleLandslides
ISSN (print)1612-510X
ISSN (online)1612-5118
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

Other styles