How to format your references using the Landslides citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Landslides. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang Q (2013) Nuclear safety lies in greater transparency. Nature 494:403
A journal article with 2 authors
Majumder MA, Cohen CB (2009) Research ethics. The NIH draft guidelines on human stem cell research. Science 324:1648–1649
A journal article with 3 authors
Nesić D, Hsu Y, Stebbins CE (2004) Assembly and function of a bacterial genotoxin. Nature 429:429–433
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Niu F, Silver PG, Daley TM, et al (2008) Preseismic velocity changes observed from active source monitoring at the Parkfield SAFOD drill site. Nature 454:204–208

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Collier CG (2016) Hydrometeorology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Everly GS Jr (2013) A Clinical Guide to the Treatment of the Human Stress Response, 3rd ed. 2013. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Majchrowska A (2011) The Implementation of the European Landscape Convention in Poland. In: Jones M, Stenseke M (eds) The European Landscape Convention: Challenges of Participation. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 81–98

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Landslides.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) Scientists Thought The Moon Had Volcanic Activity Recently. They Were Probably Wrong. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Aviation Safety: Data Problems Threaten FAA Strides on Safety Analysis System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dodge T (2009) The effects of interactivity and visual realism on children’s cognitive empathy toward narrative characters. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Couturier K (2017) The Nine and a Half Months That Shook Fox News. New York Times B6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wang 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Majumder and Cohen 2009; Wang 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Majumder and Cohen 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Niu et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleLandslides
ISSN (print)1612-510X
ISSN (online)1612-5118
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

Other styles