How to format your references using the Landslides citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Landslides. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fujita T (2006) Virology. Sensing viral RNA amid your own. Science 314:935–936
A journal article with 2 authors
Thomson M, Gunawardena J (2009) Unlimited multistability in multisite phosphorylation systems. Nature 460:274–277
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu WW, Mazor O, Wilson RI (2015) Thermosensory processing in the Drosophila brain. Nature 519:353–357
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liou YC, Tocilj A, Davies PL, Jia Z (2000) Mimicry of ice structure by surface hydroxyls and water of a beta-helix antifreeze protein. Nature 406:322–324

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bâzu M, Băjenescu T (2011) Failure Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Liu J (2011) Advanced Sliding Mode Control for Mechanical Systems: Design, Analysis and MATLAB Simulation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Galatchi L-D, Tudor M (2006) EUROPE AS A SOURCE OF POLLUTION – THE MAIN FACTOR FOR THE EUTROPHICATION OF THE DANUBE DELTA AND BLACK SEA. In: Simeonov L, Chirila E (eds) Chemicals as Intentional and Accidental Global Environmental Threats. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 57–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Landslides.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Syringe Filled with Sponges Earns FDA Approval. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Aerial Refueling Initiative: Cross-Service Analysis Needed To Determine Best Approach. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zavala M (2009) Latinos’ attitudes towards receiving mental health services. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M (2010) A Yoga Manifesto. New York Times ST1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fujita 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Fujita 2006; Thomson and Gunawardena 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thomson and Gunawardena 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Liou et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleLandslides
ISSN (print)1612-510X
ISSN (online)1612-5118
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

Other styles