How to format your references using the Landslides citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Landslides. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butte AJ (2008) Medicine. The ultimate model organism. Science 320:325–327
A journal article with 2 authors
Endow SA, Higuchi H (2000) A mutant of the motor protein kinesin that moves in both directions on microtubules. Nature 406:913–916
A journal article with 3 authors
Stefanová I, Dorfman JR, Germain RN (2002) Self-recognition promotes the foreign antigen sensitivity of naive T lymphocytes. Nature 420:429–434
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Más P, Devlin PF, Panda S, Kay SA (2000) Functional interaction of phytochrome B and cryptochrome 2. Nature 408:207–211

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Seifert RJ (2015) Profiting from Weekly Options. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Jarman H, Luna-Reyes LF (eds) (2016) Private Data and Public Value: Governance, Green Consumption, and Sustainable Supply Chains, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Graziottin A, Murina F (2011) Vulvodinia: che cosa dicono le donne? In: Murina F (ed) Vulvodinia: Strategie di diagnosi e cura. Springer, Milano, pp 29–36

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Landslides.

Blog post
Evans K (2017) Sleeping In On A Weekend Is Bad For Your Health, Study Finds. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/weekend-social-jet-lag-is-bad-for-our-health/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Information Technology Reform: Progress Made but Future Cloud Computing Efforts Should be Better Planned. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Valenzuela J (2014) Medicare advantage’s population make-up and its impact on the future of Medicare financing. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J, Barnes B (2017) A Lavish Emmy Campaign. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Butte 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Endow and Higuchi 2000; Butte 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Endow and Higuchi 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Más et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleLandslides
AbbreviationLandslides
ISSN (print)1612-510X
ISSN (online)1612-5118
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

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