How to format your references using the Integration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Integration. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M.G. Raizen, Comprehensive control of atomic motion, Science. 324 (2009) 1403–1406.
A journal article with 2 authors
E.G. Nisbet, J. Chappellaz, Atmospheric science. Shifting gear, quickly, Science. 324 (2009) 477–478.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.B. Losos, T.W. Schoener, D.A. Spiller, Predator-induced behaviour shifts and natural selection in field-experimental lizard populations, Nature. 432 (2004) 505–508.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.E. Rogers, T. Ilg, A.V. Nikolaev, M.A.J. Ferguson, P.A. Bates, Transmission of cutaneous leishmaniasis by sand flies is enhanced by regurgitation of fPPG, Nature. 430 (2004) 463–467.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Pozzilli, A. Lenzi, B.L. Clarke, W.F. Young Jr, Imaging in Endocrinology, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2013.
An edited book
K. Karuri, Application Analysis Tools for ASIP Design: Application Profiling and Instruction-set Customization, Springer, New York, NY, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Poppe, R. van Delden, A. Moreno, D. Reidsma, Interactive Playgrounds for Children, in: A. Nijholt (Ed.), Playful User Interfaces: Interfaces That Invite Social and Physical Interaction, Springer, Singapore, 2014: pp. 99–118.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Integration.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, How To Win The Euros – With A Little Help From Neuroscience, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Financial Management Systems: Additional Efforts Needed to Address Key Causes of Modernization Failures, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. Liu, Regulatory functions of the actin cytoskeleton in B cell receptor signaling, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
K. Crow, Using Tall Yellow Globes To Find Elusive Yellow Cabs, New York Times. (2000) 148.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIntegration
AbbreviationIntegration (Amst.)
ISSN (print)0167-9260
ScopeHardware and Architecture
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles