How to format your references using the International Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dyson, F. (2005). Physics. Hans A. Bethe (1906-2005). Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5719), 219.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaplinsky, N. J., & Barton, M. K. (2004). Plant biology. Plant acupuncture: sticking PINs in the right places. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5697), 822–823.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Q., Li, Y., & Tsien, R. W. (2009). The dynamic control of kiss-and-run and vesicular reuse probed with single nanoparticles. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5920), 1448–1453.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gerrienne, P., Meyer-Berthaud, B., Fairon-Demaret, M., Streel, M., & Steemans, P. (2004). Runcaria, a middle devonian seed plant precursor. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5697), 856–858.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Balani, K., Verma, V., Agarwal, A., & Narayan, R. (2014). Biosurfaces. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bauer, I., Garion, S., & Vdovina, A. (Eds.). (2015). Beauville Surfaces and Groups (Vol. 123). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Garnier, E., Adams, N., & Sagaut, P. (2009). Explicit Structural Modeling. In N. Adams & P. Sagaut (Eds.), Large Eddy Simulation for Compressible Flows (pp. 95–118). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, September 15). There’s A New Way For Crooks To Get Your Card Details From An ATM. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Geographic Information System: Forest Service Not Ready to Acquire Nationwide System (No. IMTEC-90-31). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Berbery, M. L. (2010). Predictors of White adoptive parents’ cultural and racial socialization behaviors with their Asian adopted children (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, June 21). Mets Have Little Time To Get Into Wild-Card Race. New York Times, p. B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dyson 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Dyson 2005; Kaplinsky and Barton 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaplinsky and Barton 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Gerrienne et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society
AbbreviationInt. J. Polit. Cult. Soc.
ISSN (print)0891-4486
ISSN (online)1573-3416
ScopeSociology and Political Science
Political Science and International Relations

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