How to format your references using the Landscape and Urban Planning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Landscape and Urban Planning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carroll, S. B. (2001). The big picture. Nature, 409(6821), 669.
A journal article with 2 authors
Neels, J. G., & Olefsky, J. M. (2006). Cell signaling. A new way to burn fat. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5781), 1756–1758.
A journal article with 3 authors
Osawa, M., Anderson, D. E., & Erickson, H. P. (2008). Reconstitution of contractile FtsZ rings in liposomes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5877), 792–794.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhu, P., Liu, J., Bess, J., Jr, Chertova, E., Lifson, J. D., Grisé, H., Ofek, G. A., Taylor, K. A., & Roux, K. H. (2006). Distribution and three-dimensional structure of AIDS virus envelope spikes. Nature, 441(7095), 847–852.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Balakrishnan, N., & Koutras, M. V. (2001). Runs and Scans with Applications: Balakrishnan/Runs. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tymieniecka, A.-T. (Ed.). (2009). Memory in the Ontopoesis of Life: Book One. Memory in the Generation and Unfolding of Life (1st ed., Vol. 101). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Singh, S. (2016). Role of Nonpathogenic Fungi in Inducing Systemic Resistance in Crop Plants Against Phytopathogens. In D. P. Singh, H. B. Singh, & R. Prabha (Eds.), Microbial Inoculants in Sustainable Agricultural Productivity: Vol. 2: Functional Applications (pp. 69–83). Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Landscape and Urban Planning.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, April 14). Diverse Species Of World’s Largest Lake Threatened By Mongolian Dam And Pipeline. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Tactical Airlift: Observations Concerning the Air Force’s C-27 Proposal (NSIAD-88-124). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cady, S. C. (2013). Successful student goal completion: A community college case study [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leguizamo, J. (2016, October 21). ‘Too Bad You’re Latin.’ New York Times, A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carroll, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Carroll, 2001; Neels & Olefsky, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Neels & Olefsky, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Osawa et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhu et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleLandscape and Urban Planning
AbbreviationLandsc. Urban Plan.
ISSN (print)0169-2046
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Nature and Landscape Conservation

Other styles