How to format your references using the Landscape and Urban Planning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Landscape and Urban Planning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sydnes, L. K. (2013). Policy: Update the Chemical Weapons Convention. Nature, 496(7443), 25–26.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gislason, S. R., & Oelkers, E. H. (2014). Geochemistry. Carbon storage in basalt. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6182), 373–374.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xing, M., Li, X., & Zhang, J. (2014). Synergistic effect on the visible light activity of Ti3+ doped TiO2 nanorods/boron doped graphene composite. Scientific Reports, 4, 5493.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jorgensen, P., Nishikawa, J. L., Breitkreutz, B.-J., & Tyers, M. (2002). Systematic identification of pathways that couple cell growth and division in yeast. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5580), 395–400.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Angueira, P., & Romo, J. A. (2012). Microwave Line of Sight Link Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Anastassiou, G. A. (2013). Intelligent Routines: Solving Mathematical Analysis with Matlab, Mathcad, Mathematica and Maple (I. F. Iatan, Ed.; Vol. 39). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gray, W. G., & Miller, C. T. (2014). Microscale Equilibrium Conditions. In C. T. Miller (Ed.), Introduction to the Thermodynamically Constrained Averaging Theory for Porous Medium Systems (pp. 135–165). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Landscape and Urban Planning.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 11). Dark Grape Compound May Help The Body Burn Fat. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Business Modernization: Disciplined Processes Needed to Better Manage NASA’s Integrated Financial Management Program (GAO-04-118). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rhode, J. F. (2008). Interaction equivalency in self-paced online learning environments: An exploration of learner preferences [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, October 13). At Stadium, But Far From Roar Of Crowd. New York Times, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sydnes, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Gislason & Oelkers, 2014; Sydnes, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gislason & Oelkers, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Xing et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Jorgensen et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleLandscape and Urban Planning
AbbreviationLandsc. Urban Plan.
ISSN (print)0169-2046
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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