How to format your references using the Landscape and Urban Planning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Landscape and Urban Planning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kristoufek, L. (2013). Can Google Trends search queries contribute to risk diversification? Scientific Reports, 3, 2713.
A journal article with 2 authors
Benfey, P. N., & Mitchell-Olds, T. (2008). From genotype to phenotype: systems biology meets natural variation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5875), 495–497.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reichenbach, T., Mobilia, M., & Frey, E. (2007). Mobility promotes and jeopardizes biodiversity in rock-paper-scissors games. Nature, 448(7157), 1046–1049.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yang, J.-S., Kim, J., Park, S., Jeon, J., Shin, Y.-E., & Kim, S. (2013). Spatial and functional organization of mitochondrial protein network. Scientific Reports, 3, 1403.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kölle, W. (2009). Wasseranalysen - richtig beurteilt. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Sendra, J. R. (2008). Rational Algebraic Curves: A Computer Algebra Approach (F. Winkler & S. Pérez-Díaz, Eds.; Vol. 22). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Iwai, K., Iida, K., Akiyoshi, M., & Komoda, N. (2010). A Classification Method of Inquiry e-Mails for Describing FAQ with Self-configured Class Dictionary. In A. P. de Leon F. de Carvalho, S. Rodríguez-González, J. F. D. Paz Santana, & J. M. C. Rodríguez (Eds.), Distributed Computing and Artificial Intelligence: 7th International Symposium (pp. 35–43). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Landscape and Urban Planning.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, May 16). Melting Sea Ice Causing Hungry Polar Bears To Switch From Seals To Goose Nesting Sites. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Information Technology: Justice Plans to Improve Oversight of Agency Projects (GAO-03-135). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Paredes, J. (2017). Critical Support for Central American Newcomer Youth and Schooling in One Southern California High School [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2004, October 21). World Briefing | Europe: Georgia: Device Explodes In Capital. New York Times, A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kristoufek, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Benfey & Mitchell-Olds, 2008; Kristoufek, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Benfey & Mitchell-Olds, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Reichenbach et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleLandscape and Urban Planning
AbbreviationLandsc. Urban Plan.
ISSN (print)0169-2046
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Nature and Landscape Conservation

Other styles