How to format your references using the Landscape and Urban Planning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Landscape and Urban Planning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tsay, Y.-F. (2014). Plant science: How to switch affinity. Nature, 507(7490), 44–45.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sherwood, S., & Fu, Q. (2014). Climate change. A drier future? Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6172), 737–739.
A journal article with 3 authors
Desai, B. S., Chadha, A., & Cook, B. (2014). The stum gene is essential for mechanical sensing in proprioceptive neurons. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6176), 1256–1259.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Smith, D. M., Cusack, S., Colman, A. W., Folland, C. K., Harris, G. R., & Murphy, J. M. (2007). Improved surface temperature prediction for the coming decade from a global climate model. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5839), 796–799.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stamp, M. (2011). Information Security. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dallenbach-Hellweg, G. (2006). Color Atlas of Histopathology of the Cervix Uteri (M. von Knebel Doeberitz & M. J. Trunk, Eds.; 2nd ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Christinal, H. A., Berciano, A., Díaz-Pernil, D., & Gutiérrez-Naranjo, M. A. (2014). Searching Partially Bounded Regions with P Systems. In M. Pant, K. Deep, A. Nagar, & J. C. Bansal (Eds.), Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Soft Computing for Problem Solving: SocProS 2013, Volume 1 (pp. 45–54). Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Landscape and Urban Planning.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, June 28). Astonishing 99-Million-Year-Old Bird Wings Found Preserved In Amber. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Reports and Testimony: August 1991 (OPA-91-13). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cheung, M. (2010). An integrated change model in project management [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M. (2017, May 5). Triumph and Tragedy by the Numbers. New York Times, AR22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tsay, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Sherwood & Fu, 2014; Tsay, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sherwood & Fu, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Desai et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Smith et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleLandscape and Urban Planning
AbbreviationLandsc. Urban Plan.
ISSN (print)0169-2046
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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