How to format your references using the Landscape and Urban Planning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Landscape and Urban Planning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q. (2000). German Greens go cold on nuclear fusion. Nature, 405(6783), 107.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hartung, T., & Rovida, C. (2009). Chemical regulators have overreached. Nature, 460(7259), 1080–1081.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, J. Y., Liu, G., & Sun, J. (2013). Crystallization-aided extraordinary plastic deformation in nanolayered crystalline Cu/amorphous Cu-Zr micropillars. Scientific Reports, 3, 2324.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yamachika, R., Grobis, M., Wachowiak, A., & Crommie, M. F. (2004). Controlled atomic doping of a single C60 molecule. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5668), 281–284.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rosenbaum, J., & Pearl, J. (2009). Investment Banking. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Luo, Y. (Ed.). (2011). Cooperative Design, Visualization, and Engineering: 8th International Conference, CDVE 2011, Hong Kong, China, September 11-14, 2011. Proceedings (Vol. 6874). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
La Rosa, M., Fiannaca, A., Rizzo, R., & Urso, A. (2014). Genomic Sequence Classification Using Probabilistic Topic Modeling. In E. Formenti, R. Tagliaferri, & E. Wit (Eds.), Computational Intelligence Methods for Bioinformatics and Biostatistics: 10th International Meeting, CIBB 2013, Nice, France, June 20-22, 2013, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 49–61). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Landscape and Urban Planning.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, November 11). This Web Tool Uses Your Social Media Activity To Predict Your Past, Present, And Future. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1983). Response to Specific Questions on the Indian Point Probabilistic Safety Study (No. RCED-83-158). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Powell, T. J. (2012). Saxophone sonatas: 1980–2010 (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007, July 22). Property Damage but No Injuries in Tornado. New York Times, p. LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hartung & Rovida, 2009; Schiermeier, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hartung & Rovida, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Zhang, Liu, & Sun, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yamachika, Grobis, Wachowiak, & Crommie, 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleLandscape and Urban Planning
AbbreviationLandsc. Urban Plan.
ISSN (print)0169-2046
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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