How to format your references using the Labor History citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Labor History. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fuyuno, Ichiko. “Plastic Promises.” Nature 446, no. 7137 (April 12, 2007): 715.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ranta, Esa, and Veijo Kaitala. “Ecology. A Leap for Lion Populations.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 307, no. 5708 (January 21, 2005): 365–66.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, Xin, David Parker, and David J. Singh. “Importance of Non-Parabolic Band Effects in the Thermoelectric Properties of Semiconductors.” Scientific Reports 3 (November 7, 2013): 3168.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Watabe, Mizuki, Guzhaliayi Juman, Katsuhiko Miyamoto, and Takashige Omatsu. “Light Induced Conch-Shaped Relief in an Azo-Polymer Film.” Scientific Reports 4 (March 7, 2014): 4281.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Olsson, Anders. Understanding Changing Telecommunications. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2005.
An edited book
Nash, John Forbes, Jr., and Michael Th Rassias, eds. Open Problems in Mathematics. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Henkel, Malte, and Michel Pleimling. “Local Scale-Invariance I: Z = 2.” In Non-Equilibrium Phase Transitions: Volume 2: Ageing and Dynamical Scaling Far from Equilibrium, edited by Michel Pleimling, 221–90. Theoretical and Mathematical Physics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2010.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Labor History.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. “Stem Cell Treatment Successfully Restores Sight.” IFLScience. IFLScience, October 15, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “DOT Contract Oversight.” Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, November 19, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Short, Duane D. “Assessing Effectiveness and Economic Efficiency in California Community College Transfer Advising.” Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gregory Mankiw, N. “Advice for Trump: Ask an Economist.” New York Times, March 10, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleLabor History
AbbreviationLabor Hist.
ISSN (print)0023-656X
ISSN (online)1469-9702
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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