How to format your references using the Annals of Tourism Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Tourism Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gingerich, O. (2004). A radical reorientation. Nature, 430(6998), 407.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grünwald, D., & Singer, R. H. (2010). In vivo imaging of labelled endogenous β-actin mRNA during nucleocytoplasmic transport. Nature, 467(7315), 604–607.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhuang, J., Yu, G.-R., & Nakayama, K. (2014). A series RCL circuit theory for analyzing non-steady-state water uptake of maize plants. Scientific Reports, 4, 6720.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Suzuki, Y., Niu, G., Hughes, G. L., & Rasgon, J. L. (2014). A viral over-expression system for the major malaria mosquito Anopheles gambiae. Scientific Reports, 4, 5127.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zepernick, H.-J., & Finger, A. (2005). Pseudo Random Signal Processing. John Wiley & Sons Ltd,.
An edited book
Liyanage, I., & Walker, T. (Eds.). (2014). English for Academic Purposes (EAP) in Asia: Negotiating Appropriate Practices in a Global Context. SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Koski, E. (2011). Clinical Laboratory Data for Biosurveillance. In C. Castillo-Chavez, H. Chen, W. B. Lober, M. Thurmond, & D. Zeng (Eds.), Infectious Disease Informatics and Biosurveillance: Research, Systems and Case Studies (pp. 67–87). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Tourism Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, August 15). Marmot Adorably Ruins Time Lapse of Glacier National Park. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Supply Management in the District of Columbia Public Schools (089362). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gross, J. (2010). High-performance dram system design constraints and considerations [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eisinger, J. (2014, April 30). The Fall Guy. New York Times, MM34.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gingerich, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Gingerich, 2004; Grünwald & Singer, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grünwald & Singer, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Zhuang et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Suzuki et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Tourism Research
AbbreviationAnn. Tour. Res.
ISSN (print)0160-7383
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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