How to format your references using the Annals of Tourism Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Tourism Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Martínez, J. L. (2008). Antibiotics and antibiotic resistance genes in natural environments. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5887), 365–367.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kirz, J., & Miao, J. (2012). David Sayre (1924-2012). Nature, 484(7392), 38.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moon-van der Staay, S. Y., De Wachter, R., & Vaulot, D. (2001). Oceanic 18S rDNA sequences from picoplankton reveal unsuspected eukaryotic diversity. Nature, 409(6820), 607–610.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, Q., Wei, C., Zhang, Y., Pang, H., Lu, Q., & Gao, F. (2014). Single-crystalline hyperbranched nanostructure of iron hydroxyl phosphate Fe5(PO4)4(OH)3·2H2O for highly selective capture of phosphopeptides. Scientific Reports, 4, 3753.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marlet, R. (2012). Program Specialization. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zhang, Q. (2012). Complexity, Analysis and Control of Singular Biological Systems (C. Liu & X. Zhang, Eds.; Vol. 421). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Meaghan, D. (2008). Stigma to Sage: Learning and Teaching Safer Sex Practices Among Canadian Sex Trade Workers. In K. Church, N. Bascia, & E. Shragge (Eds.), Learning through Community: Exploring Participatory Practices (pp. 55–71). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Tourism Research.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, March 8). The Quake That’ll Take Out Los Angeles May Be Around The Corner. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1982). Regulatory Effects on R&D Are Better Assessed As Part of the Innovation Process (PAD-82-1). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hsu, Y.-C. (2009). A cultural psychosocial model for depression in elder care institutions: The roles of Socially Supportive Activity and self-transcendence [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1993, March 13). Hillary Clinton Health Panel Hears the People, Invitation Only. New York Times, 17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Martínez, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Kirz & Miao, 2012; Martínez, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kirz & Miao, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Moon-van der Staay et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chen et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Tourism Research
AbbreviationAnn. Tour. Res.
ISSN (print)0160-7383
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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