How to format your references using the Annals of Tourism Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Tourism Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Luo, J. (2014). Loops and autonomy promote evolvability of ecosystem networks. Scientific Reports, 4, 6440.
A journal article with 2 authors
Laurance, W. F., & Balmford, A. (2013). Land use: A global map for road building. Nature, 495(7441), 308–309.
A journal article with 3 authors
Depue, B. E., Curran, T., & Banich, M. T. (2007). Prefrontal regions orchestrate suppression of emotional memories via a two-phase process. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5835), 215–219.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Stremlau, M., Owens, C. M., Perron, M. J., Kiessling, M., Autissier, P., & Sodroski, J. (2004). The cytoplasmic body component TRIM5alpha restricts HIV-1 infection in Old World monkeys. Nature, 427(6977), 848–853.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nguyen, T. (2012). Investing in the High Yield Municipal Market. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Melançon, B. (2011). The Definitive Guide to Drupal 7 (J. Luisi, K. Négyesi, G. Anderson, B. Somers, S. Corlosquet, S. Freudenberg, M. Lauer, E. Carlevale, F. Lorétan, D. Nordin, R. Szrama, S. Stewart, J. Strawn, B. Travis, D. Hakimzadeh, A. Scavarda, A. Albala, A. Micka, R. Douglass, … D. Gaskin, Eds.). Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Schwaiger, M., Raithel, S., & Schloderer, M. (2009). Recognition or rejection – How a company’s reputation influences stakeholder behaviour. In J. Klewes & R. Wreschniok (Eds.), Reputation Capital: Building and Maintaining Trust in the 21st Century (pp. 39–55). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Tourism Research.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017, January 11). How We Can Make Super-Fast Hyperloop Travel a Reality. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Highway Safety: More Robust DOT Oversight of Guardrails and Other Roadside Hardware Could Further Enhance Safety (GAO-16-575). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, M. (2010). Adult ESL Korean readers’ responses about their reading in L1 Korean and L2 English [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2017, July 21). After Election, More New Yorkers Are Telling Volunteer Groups, ‘I Can Help.’ New York Times, A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Luo, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Laurance & Balmford, 2013; Luo, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Laurance & Balmford, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Depue et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Stremlau et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Tourism Research
AbbreviationAnn. Tour. Res.
ISSN (print)0160-7383
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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