How to format your references using the Annals of Tourism Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Tourism Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Juergens, N. (2013). The biological underpinnings of Namib Desert fairy circles. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6127), 1618–1621.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, Y. K., & Mazmanian, S. K. (2010). Has the microbiota played a critical role in the evolution of the adaptive immune system? Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6012), 1768–1773.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Y. V., Ni, J., & Montell, C. (2013). The molecular basis for attractive salt-taste coding in Drosophila. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6138), 1334–1338.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shingo, T., Gregg, C., Enwere, E., Fujikawa, H., Hassam, R., Geary, C., … Weiss, S. (2003). Pregnancy-stimulated neurogenesis in the adult female forebrain mediated by prolactin. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5603), 117–120.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bojar, R. M. (2010). Manual of Perioperative Care in Adult Cardiac Surgery. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Barboiu, M. (Ed.). (2012). Constitutional Dynamic Chemistry (Vol. 322). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Anema, A. S. I., & Top, J. (2013). Explicit Algebraic Coverings of a Pointed Torus. In R. Laza, M. Schütt, & N. Yui (Eds.), Arithmetic and Geometry of K3 Surfaces and Calabi–Yau Threefolds (pp. 143–152). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Tourism Research.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, April 29). Scientists Have Discovered A Fourth State Of Water. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Space Shuttle: NASA Should Implement Independent Oversight of Software Development (No. IMTEC-91-20). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Swenson, M. D. (2012). Second generation Latinos and the perceived barriers to college enrollment (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2015, July 1). The Bonds That Broke Puerto Rico. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Juergens, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Juergens, 2013; Lee & Mazmanian, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee & Mazmanian, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Zhang, Ni, & Montell, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Shingo et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Tourism Research
AbbreviationAnn. Tour. Res.
ISSN (print)0160-7383
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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