How to format your references using the Annals of Tourism Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Tourism Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Werner, R. (2015). The focus on bibliometrics makes papers less useful. Nature, 517(7534), 245.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fan, G., & Yan, D. (2014). Positional isomers of cyanostilbene: two-component molecular assembly and multiple-stimuli responsive luminescence. Scientific Reports, 4, 4933.
A journal article with 3 authors
van den Engh, G., Nelson, P., & Roach, J. (2000). Numismatic gyrations. Nature, 408(6812), 540.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lorimer, D. R., Bailes, M., McLaughlin, M. A., Narkevic, D. J., & Crawford, F. (2007). A bright millisecond radio burst of extragalactic origin. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5851), 777–780.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Best, P. (2005). Implementing Value at Risk. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Tong, C.-K. (Ed.). (2014). Chinese Business: Rethinking Guanxi and Trust in Chinese Business Networks. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sebastiani, R., Corsaro, D., Montagnini, F., & Tzannis, A. (2015). Sustainability in the Supply Chain: The Retailers’ Perspective. In C. L. Campbell (Ed.), Marketing in Transition: Scarcity, Globalism, & Sustainability: Proceedings of the 2009 World Marketing Congress (pp. 8–12). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Tourism Research.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, April 10). Deadly, Contagious Form of Leukemia is Devastating Atlantic Clams. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Degradable Plastics: Standards, Research and Development (RCED-88-208). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Allen, R. T. (2014). Exploring the Lived Experiences of Program Managers Regarding an Automated Logistics Environment [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, January 5). Football Culture Keeps Some In the Dark. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Werner, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Fan & Yan, 2014; Werner, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fan & Yan, 2014)
  • Three authors: (van den Engh et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lorimer et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Tourism Research
AbbreviationAnn. Tour. Res.
ISSN (print)0160-7383
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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