How to format your references using the Annals of Tourism Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Tourism Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, D. R. (2005). Applied physics. How to build a superlens. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5721), 502–503.
A journal article with 2 authors
Behar, S. M., & Baehrecke, E. H. (2015). Tuberculosis: Autophagy is not the answer. Nature, 528(7583), 482–483.
A journal article with 3 authors
Magnuson, J. J., Safina, C., & Sissenwine, M. P. (2001). Ecology and conservation. Whose fish are they anyway? Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5533), 1267–1268.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shibuya, A., Itoh, T., Tukey, R. H., & Fujiwara, R. (2013). Impact of fatty acids on human UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 activity and its expression in neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. Scientific Reports, 3, 2903.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hobkirk, J. A., Gill, D. S., Jones, S. P., Hemmings, K. W., Bassi, G. S., O’Donnell, A. L., & Goodman, J. R. (2010). Hypodontia. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
MacGregor, S. P., & Carleton, T. (Eds.). (2012). Sustaining Innovation: Collaboration Models for a Complex World (1st ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Korol, A. V., & Solov’yov, A. V. (2014). PBrS in Non-Relativistic Collisions of Structural Particles with Atoms and Ions. In A. V. Solov’yov (Ed.), Polarization Bremsstrahlung (pp. 121–150). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Tourism Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, May 15). Secrets Of How Earth’s Aurorae Are Produced Revealed By NASA Spacecraft. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). University Funding: Information on the Role of Peer Review at NSF and NIH (RCED-87-87FS). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson, E. (2017). Predicting Home Purchase Location in DC: An Intersectional Approach [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson, M. (2017, September 11). A Respected Figure, Undone by His Lies. New York Times, A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Behar & Baehrecke, 2015; Smith, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Behar & Baehrecke, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Magnuson et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Shibuya et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Tourism Research
AbbreviationAnn. Tour. Res.
ISSN (print)0160-7383
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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