How to format your references using the Annals of Tourism Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Tourism Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greenberg, D. S. (2010). A two-year plan for US science. Nature, 467(7317), 781–782.
A journal article with 2 authors
Davies, I. W., & Welch, C. J. (2009). Looking forward in pharmaceutical process chemistry. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5941), 701–704.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hurtley, S., Ash, C., & Roberts, L. (2010). Tuberculosis & malaria. Landscapes of infection. Introduction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5980), 841.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Troccoli, M., Belyanin, A., Capasso, F., Cubukcu, E., Sivco, D. L., & Cho, A. Y. (2005). Raman injection laser. Nature, 433(7028), 845–848.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. (2010). Guidelines for Chemical Process Quantitative Risk Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Arena, P., & Patanè, L. (Eds.). (2014). Spatial Temporal Patterns for Action-Oriented Perception in Roving Robots II: An Insect Brain Computational Model. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Clampitt, D. (2011). Sensitive Interval Property for Scales as Words in the Free Group F2. In C. Agon, M. Andreatta, G. Assayag, E. Amiot, J. Bresson, & J. Mandereau (Eds.), Mathematics and Computation in Music: Third International Conference, MCM 2011, Paris, France, June 15-17, 2011. Proceedings (pp. 56–68). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Tourism Research.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, May 16). Vultures Caught Using Makeup for the First Time. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Telecommunications: Information on Participation in the Rural Health Care Pilot Program (GAO-11-25SP, November 2010), an E-supplement to GAO-11-27 (No. GAO-11-25SP). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Packer, C. D. (2013). School Referenda and Ohio Department of Education Typologies: An Investigation of the Outcomes of First Attempt School Operating Levies from 2002–2010 (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, July 8). Twins Deal Sends Colon To Minors. New York Times, p. D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greenberg, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Davies & Welch, 2009; Greenberg, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Davies & Welch, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Hurtley, Ash, & Roberts, 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Troccoli et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Tourism Research
AbbreviationAnn. Tour. Res.
ISSN (print)0160-7383
ScopeTourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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