How to format your references using the European Journal of Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Colwell RR (2009) Graduate education. Professional science master’s programs merit wider support. Science 323:1676–1677
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Jutzi M, Asphaug E (2015) COMETARY NUCLEI. The shape and structure of cometary nuclei as a result of low-velocity accretion. Science 348:1355–1358
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Leopold DA, Bondar IV, Giese MA (2006) Norm-based face encoding by single neurons in the monkey inferotemporal cortex. Nature 442:572–575
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Miller C, Thomsen LE, Gaggero C, et al (2004) SOS response induction by beta-lactams and bacterial defense against antibiotic lethality. Science 305:1629–1631

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ferrant J-L, Gilson M, Jobert S, et al (2013) Synchronous Ethernet and IEEE 1588 in Telecoms. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA
An edited book
1.
Bachmann F, Loosen P, Poprawe R (2007) High Power Diode Lasers: Technology and Applications. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Wu TY, Guo N, Teh CY, Hay JXW (2013) Challenges and Recent Developments of Sonochemical Processes. In: Guo N, Teh CY, Hay JXW (eds) Advances in Ultrasound Technology for Environmental Remediation. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 109–120

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Nutrition.

Blog post
1.
Fang J (2014) Revealed: how baby sea turtles spend their “lost years.” In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/revealed-how-baby-sea-turtles-spend-their-lost-years/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1972) Drug Abuse Control Program Activities in Okinawa. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Kunihiro AG (2014) The relationship between dietary omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acid intake and colorectal cancer. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hodgman J (2017) Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times MM22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Nutrition
AbbreviationEur. J. Nutr.
ISSN (print)1436-6207
ISSN (online)1436-6215
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles