How to format your references using the European Journal of Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Cohen J (2001) Knife-edge of design. Nature 411:529
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Edenhofer O, Minx J (2014) Climate policy. Mapmakers and navigators, facts and values. Science 345:37–38
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kotera E, Tasaka M, Shikanai T (2005) A pentatricopeptide repeat protein is essential for RNA editing in chloroplasts. Nature 433:326–330
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Brañas-Garza P, Espín AM, Exadaktylos F, Herrmann B (2014) Fair and unfair punishers coexist in the Ultimatum Game. Sci Rep 4:6025

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bachmann H, Steinle A, Hahn V (2010) Bauen mit Betonfertigteilen im Hochbau. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
1.
Morava E, Baumgartner M, Patterson M, et al (2016) JIMD Reports, Volume 25, 1st ed. 2016. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Agadzanyan R, Freivalds R (2010) Finite State Transducers with Intuition. In: Calude CS, Hagiya M, Morita K, et al (eds) Unconventional Computation: 9th International Conference, US 2010, Tokyo, Japan, June 21-25, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 11–20

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Nutrition.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Almost 150 Of Our Genes May Have Come From Microbes. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/almost-150-our-genes-may-have-come-microbes/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1990) The Urban Underclass: Disturbing Problems Demanding Attention. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Warwick-Smith KM (2017) Remembering Prudence: Tracking the Iconography of a Cardinal Virtue to Her Resurgence in Depth Psychology. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Leguizamo J (2017) … I Faced a Hostile Audience (Kids). New York Times AR8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Nutrition
AbbreviationEur. J. Nutr.
ISSN (print)1436-6207
ISSN (online)1436-6215
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

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