How to format your references using the European Journal of Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Klein CA (2008) Cancer. The metastasis cascade. Science 321:1785–1787
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwämmle V, Herrmann HJ (2003) Geomorphology: solitary wave behaviour of sand dunes. Nature 426:619–620
A journal article with 3 authors
Vance D, Teagle DAH, Foster GL (2009) Variable Quaternary chemical weathering fluxes and imbalances in marine geochemical budgets. Nature 458:493–496
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Dekel A, Stoehr F, Mamon GA, et al (2005) Lost and found dark matter in elliptical galaxies. Nature 437:707–710

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Laykin E (2013) Investigative Computer Forensics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Tsinganos K, Ray T, Stute M (2009) Protostellar Jets in Context. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Ahn J-H (2014) Analysis of Women Doctorates Entering the Labor Market in Republic of Korea. In: Park H, Kim K-K (eds) Korean Education in Changing Economic and Demographic Contexts. Springer, Singapore, pp 59–76

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Nutrition.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2016) China Wants To Build A Space Plane That Can Carry 20 People To Space. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Observations on H.R. 3774, “The Aging Aircraft Safety Act of 1989.” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hobbs E (2017) Rehearing Florence Price: A Closer Look at Her Symphony in E Minor. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2012) How Do Kenyan 10K Runners Get to London? Through Raindrops in Oregon. New York Times SP9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Nutrition
AbbreviationEur. J. Nutr.
ISSN (print)1436-6207
ISSN (online)1436-6215
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles