How to format your references using the European Journal of Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Norrby SR (2004) Alert to a European epidemic. Nature 431:507–508
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Sigala N, Logothetis NK (2002) Visual categorization shapes feature selectivity in the primate temporal cortex. Nature 415:318–320
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Stebe KJ, Lewandowski E, Ghosh M (2009) Materials science. Oriented assembly of metamaterials. Science 325:159–160
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Emerson JJ, Kaessmann H, Betrán E, Long M (2004) Extensive gene traffic on the mammalian X chromosome. Science 303:537–540

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Schwartz R (2012) Rethinking Pragmatism. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
1.
Niazi MA (2013) Cognitive Agent-based Computing-I: A Unified Framework for Modeling Complex Adaptive Systems using Agent-based & Complex Network-based Methods. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Zeng R, Diao K, Cheng F, Ma S (2016) ST Segment. In: Zeng R (ed) Graphics-sequenced interpretation of ECG. Springer, Singapore, pp 121–138

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Nutrition.

Blog post
1.
Fang J (2015) Could A Frog’s Own Skin Microbes Fight Off A Killer Fungus? In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/could-frogs-own-skin-microbes-fight-killer-fungus/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1978) Need for Active Alcohol Public Education Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Zanjani F (2014) Leadership and decision making of successful Iranian American. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Stewart JB (2016) How Dauman Lost the Battle for Viacom. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Nutrition
AbbreviationEur. J. Nutr.
ISSN (print)1436-6207
ISSN (online)1436-6215
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles