How to format your references using the Korean Journal of Anesthesiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Korean Journal of Anesthesiology (KJA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harris DN. Education. Value-added measures and the future of educational accountability. Science 2011;333:826–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fradkin E, Kivelson SA. Physics. Electron nematic phases proliferate. Science 2010;327:155–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thomas AM, Nadeau RM, Bürgmann R. Tremor-tide correlations and near-lithostatic pore pressure on the deep San Andreas fault. Nature 2009;462:1048–51.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Poremba A, Saunders RC, Crane AM, Cook M, Sokoloff L, Mishkin M. Functional mapping of the primate auditory system. Science 2003;299:568–72.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Potter L. The Life of William Shakespeare. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2012.
An edited book
Fleischhacker WW, Brooks DJ, eds. Neurodevelopmental Disorders. Vienna: Springer, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Kontaki M, Papadopoulos AN, Manolopoulos Y. Continuous Processing of Preference Queries in Data Streams. In: Leeuwen J van, Muscholl A, Peleg D, Pokorný J, Rumpe B, eds. SOFSEM 2010: Theory and Practice of Computer Science: 36th Conference on Current Trends in Theory and Practice of Computer Science, Špindlerův Mlýn, Czech Republic, January 23-29, 2010. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010:47–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Korean Journal of Anesthesiology.

Blog post
Andrew E. 3D-Printed Smart Bottle Cap Could Tell You When Your Food Has Expired. IFLScience 2015. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. DCPS: Attorneys’ Fees for Access to Special Education Opportunities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Valenzuela MA. Pitties for the Kiddies: An Animal-Assisted Therapy Program. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart JB. Hedge Fund Math: Heads or Tails, They Win. New York Times. December 22, 2016:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleKorean Journal of Anesthesiology
AbbreviationKorean J. Anesthesiol.
ISSN (print)2005-6419
ISSN (online)2005-7563
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Other styles