How to format your references using the Korean Journal of Anesthesiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Korean Journal of Anesthesiology (KJA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ross JV. Comment on “On the regulation of populations of mammals, birds, fish, and insects” II. Science 2006;311:1100; author reply 1100.
A journal article with 2 authors
Murai KK, Pasquale EB. Neuroscience. Axons seek neighborly advice. Science 2008;320:185–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wagner CE, Harmon LJ, Seehausen O. Ecological opportunity and sexual selection together predict adaptive radiation. Nature 2012;487:366–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Abel ED, Peroni O, Kim JK, Kim YB, Boss O, Hadro E, et al. Adipose-selective targeting of the GLUT4 gene impairs insulin action in muscle and liver. Nature 2001;409:729–33.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lahdenmäki T, Leach M. Relational Database Index Design and the Optimizers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
Baglieri D, Metallo C, Rossignoli C, Pezzillo Iacono M, eds. Information Systems, Management, Organization and Control: Smart Practices and Effects. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Rosselli F. The FANC B, E, F and G Genes and Their Products. In: Kirk SH, ed. Molecular Mechanisms of Fanconi Anemia. Medical Intelligence Unit. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2006:54–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Korean Journal of Anesthesiology.

Blog post
Andrew D. Supermoons Are Big And Bright, But Not As Rare As The Hype Would Suggest. IFLScience 2016. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. GAO Reports Concerning Federal Student Financial Aid Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baker TN. The Impact of Undergraduate Research Participation on Research Self-Efficacy. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Just Answer the Question. New York Times. May 11, 2010:A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleKorean Journal of Anesthesiology
AbbreviationKorean J. Anesthesiol.
ISSN (print)2005-6419
ISSN (online)2005-7563
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Other styles