How to format your references using the Korean Journal of Anesthesiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Korean Journal of Anesthesiology (KJA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anand P. Public health. Decision-making when science is ambiguous. Science 2002;295:1839.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lubin D, Vogelmann AM. A climatologically significant aerosol longwave indirect effect in the Arctic. Nature 2006;439:453–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Suzuki T, Asami M, Perry ACF. Asymmetric parental genome engineering by Cas9 during mouse meiotic exit. Sci Rep 2014;4:7621.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Haugan T, Barnes PN, Wheeler R, Meisenkothen F, Sumption M. Addition of nanoparticle dispersions to enhance flux pinning of the YBa2Cu3O7-x superconductor. Nature 2004;430:867–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dowd K. Measuring Market Risk. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2005.
An edited book
Hoffmann F, Köppen M, Klawonn F, Roy R, eds. Soft Computing: Methodologies and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Budhu A, Wang XW. Molecular Profiling of Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma. In: Carr BI, ed. Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Diagnosis and Treatment. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016:93–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Korean Journal of Anesthesiology.

Blog post
Andrew D. Why Artificial Intelligence Could Be Key To Future-Proofing The Grid. IFLScience 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. High-Quality Senior Marine Corps Officers: How Many Stay Beyond 20 Years of Service? Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Atchley D. Interventions, perceptions of accommodations, and motivating factors impacting the achievement and successful mainstreaming transition of English language learners. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rockwell J. He Put Brooklyn on the Map. New York Times. February 14, 2017:AR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleKorean Journal of Anesthesiology
AbbreviationKorean J. Anesthesiol.
ISSN (print)2005-6419
ISSN (online)2005-7563
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Other styles