How to format your references using the Korean Journal of Anesthesiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Korean Journal of Anesthesiology (KJA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Widera A. Physics. A walk across a quantum lattice. Science 2015;347:1200–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rambold AS, Lippincott-Schwartz J. Cell biology. SevERing mitochondria. Science 2011;334:186–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen JL, Wilson CR, Tapley BD. Satellite gravity measurements confirm accelerated melting of Greenland ice sheet. Science 2006;313:1958–60.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ohnishi K, Ono Y, Nomura T, Kimura T. Significant change of spin transport property in Cu/Nb bilayer due to superconducting transition. Sci Rep 2014;4:6260.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brook CGD, Dattani MT. Handbook of Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012.
An edited book
Ravid DD, Shyldkrot HB-Z, eds. Perspectives on Language and Language Development: Essays in Honor of Ruth A. Berman. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Chatterjee S. India’s Evolving Food and Nutrition Scenario: An Overview. In: Venkateswar S, Bandyopadhyay S, eds. Globalisation and the Challenges of Development in Contemporary India. Dynamics of Asian Development. Singapore: Springer, 2016:79–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Korean Journal of Anesthesiology.

Blog post
Andrew E. What Was That Huge Flash Over Russia? IFLScience 2014. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Office of Thrift Supervision’s Efforts to Ensure Thrift Systems Are Year 2000 Compliant. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Powers KL. Real-time video streaming: Impact on maternal anxiety and the maternal-infant bond. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu L. Fact Check: What Trump Got Wrong at His Rally. New York Times. February 19, 2017:A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleKorean Journal of Anesthesiology
AbbreviationKorean J. Anesthesiol.
ISSN (print)2005-6419
ISSN (online)2005-7563
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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