How to format your references using the The Arts in Psychotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Arts in Psychotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hirschmann, M. M. (2009). Geochemistry. Ironing out the oxidation of Earth’s mantle. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5940), 545–546.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dye, C., & Williams, B. G. (2010). The population dynamics and control of tuberculosis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5980), 856–861.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nugent, F. S., Penick, E. C., & Kauer, J. A. (2007). Opioids block long-term potentiation of inhibitory synapses. Nature, 446(7139), 1086–1090.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bhowmick, N. A., Chytil, A., Plieth, D., Gorska, A. E., Dumont, N., Shappell, S., Washington, M. K., Neilson, E. G., & Moses, H. L. (2004). TGF-beta signaling in fibroblasts modulates the oncogenic potential of adjacent epithelia. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5659), 848–851.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chase, C. W., Jr. (2013). Demand-Driven Forecasting. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Navard, P. (Ed.). (2013). The European Polysaccharide Network of Excellence (EPNOE): Research Initiatives and Results. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Boschen, J. S., Theis, D., Ruedenberg, K., & Windus, T. L. (2015). Accurate ab initio potential energy curves and spectroscopic properties of the four lowest singlet states of C2. In A. K. Wilson, K. A. Peterson, & D. E. Woon (Eds.), Thom H. Dunning, Jr: A Festschrift from Theoretical Chemistry Accounts (pp. 47–58). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Arts in Psychotherapy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 26). How Your Body Knows When To Burn Fat. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Education and Employment Issue Area: Active Assignments (AA-95-17(3)). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anisko, J. J. (2012). Selling Mexico’s vistas: A visual discourse analysis of promotional materials of Loreto Bay, Mexico [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J. (2017, September 1). Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times, MM22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hirschmann, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Dye & Williams, 2010; Hirschmann, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dye & Williams, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Nugent et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bhowmick et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Arts in Psychotherapy
AbbreviationArts Psychother.
ISSN (print)0197-4556
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology
Health Professions (miscellaneous)

Other styles