How to format your references using the The Arts in Psychotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Arts in Psychotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ladegaard Skov, A. (2015). Materials science: Like cartilage, but simpler. Nature, 517(7532), 25–26.
A journal article with 2 authors
Heldin, C. H., & Ericsson, J. (2001). Signal transduction. RIPping tyrosine kinase receptors apart. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5549), 2111–2113.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jia, C. L., Lentzen, M., & Urban, K. (2003). Atomic-resolution imaging of oxygen in perovskite ceramics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5608), 870–873.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Delmo, M. P., Yamamoto, S., Kasai, S., Ono, T., & Kobayashi, K. (2009). Large positive magnetoresistive effect in silicon induced by the space-charge effect. Nature, 457(7233), 1112–1115.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
George, M. D., Donley, T. G., & Preshaw, P. M. (2014). Ultrasonic Periodontal Debridement. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Qi, J., & Evered, K. T. (Eds.). (2008). Environmental Problems of Central Asia and their Economic, Social and Security Impacts. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Sun, L., Huang, G., & Mei, H. (2008). Validating Access Control Configurations in J2EE Applications. In M. R. V. Chaudron, C. Szyperski, & R. Reussner (Eds.), Component-Based Software Engineering: 11th International Symposium, CBSE 2008, Karlsruhe, Germany, October 14-17, 2008. Proceedings (pp. 64–79). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Arts in Psychotherapy.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, January 31). Biologists Are Hoping A “Tinder For Orangutans” Will Get Females To Swipe Right. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Joint Strike Fighter Acquisition: Mature Critical Technologies Needed to Reduce Risks (GAO-02-39). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fetterolf-Klein, S. (2015). Teacher leadership practices, supports and challenges in implementation of the common core high school math standards [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, May 14). Mets Collapse Again Under the Weight of Their Pitching Dysfunction. New York Times, SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ladegaard Skov, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Heldin & Ericsson, 2001; Ladegaard Skov, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Heldin & Ericsson, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Jia et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Delmo et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Arts in Psychotherapy
AbbreviationArts Psychother.
ISSN (print)0197-4556
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology
Health Professions (miscellaneous)

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