How to format your references using the The Arts in Psychotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Arts in Psychotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hutchings, J. A. (2000). Collapse and recovery of marine fishes. Nature, 406(6798), 882–885.
A journal article with 2 authors
Walker, C. L., & Stewart, E. A. (2005). Uterine fibroids: the elephant in the room. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5728), 1589–1592.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shim, S. H., Duffy, T. S., & Shen, G. (2001). Stability and structure of MgSiO3 perovskite to 2300-kilometer depth in Earth’s mantle. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5539), 2437–2440.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhuang, J., Yeoh, W. K., Cui, X., Xu, X., Du, Y., Shi, Z., Ringer, S. P., Wang, X., & Dou, S. X. (2014). Unabridged phase diagram for single-phased FeSe(x)Te(1-x) thin films. Scientific Reports, 4, 7273.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Söchting, I. (2014). Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
White, C. (Ed.). (2009). The Materiality of Individuality: Archaeological Studies of Individual Lives. Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Nicolosi, G., & Korthals, M. (2008). Narrative Strategies in Food Advertising. In C. Coff, D. Barling, M. Korthals, & T. Nielsen (Eds.), Ethical Traceability and Communicating Food (pp. 63–78). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Arts in Psychotherapy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 18). Brain–Brain Interface Allows Humans To Control Cockroaches With Their Minds. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Railroad Safety: DOT Faces Challenges in Improving Grade Crossing Safety, Track Inspection Standards, and Passenger Car Safety (T-RCED-96-114). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Flores, E. (2010). An exploratory study on widows’ experiences following the loss of their spouse [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2012, January 1). At the Gym Site, Food For Fitness Lovers. New York Times, NJ8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hutchings, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Hutchings, 2000; Walker & Stewart, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Walker & Stewart, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Shim et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhuang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Arts in Psychotherapy
AbbreviationArts Psychother.
ISSN (print)0197-4556
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology
Health Professions (miscellaneous)

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