How to format your references using the KONA Powder and Particle Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for KONA Powder and Particle Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yin Q.-Z., Planetary science. Predicting the Sun’s oxygen isotope composition, Science (New York, N.Y.), 305 (2004) 1729–1730.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boehr D.D., Wright P.E., Biochemistry. How do proteins interact?, Science (New York, N.Y.), 320 (2008) 1429–1430.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cao A., Romanowicz B., Takeuchi N., An observation of PKJKP: inferences on inner core shear properties, Science (New York, N.Y.), 308 (2005) 1453–1455.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yamasaki A., Hara T., Maejima I., Sato M., Sato Katsuya, Sato Ken, Rer1p regulates the ER retention of immature rhodopsin and modulates its intracellular trafficking, Scientific reports, 4 (2014) 5973.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simonović S.P., Systems Approach to Management of Disasters, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
Valenta R., Coffman R.L., Eds., Vaccines against Allergies, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Rowe M., Predicting Online Community Churners Using Gaussian Sequences, in: Aiello L.M., McFarland D. (Eds.), Social Informatics: 6th International Conference, SocInfo 2014, Barcelona, Spain, November 11-13, 2014. Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014, pp.66–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for KONA Powder and Particle Journal.

Blog post
Hale T., 2015, Don’t Miss The Orionid Meteor Shower Tomorrow Night <> accessed 30.10.2018, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, National Highway System: Refinements Would Strengthen the System (No. T-RCED-94-136), U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dodge T., The effects of interactivity and visual realism on children’s cognitive empathy toward narrative characters (Doctoral dissertation), Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland J., Mystery Ends: Date and Venue Are Set for Chess Event, New York Times, (2016) A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yin, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Boehr and Wright, 2008; Yin, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boehr and Wright, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Yamasaki et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleKONA Powder and Particle Journal
ISSN (print)0288-4534
ISSN (online)2187-5537

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