How to format your references using the KONA Powder and Particle Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for KONA Powder and Particle Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grayson M., Cannabis, Nature, 525 (2015) S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xavier R.J., Podolsky D.K., Unravelling the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease, Nature, 448 (2007) 427–434.
A journal article with 3 authors
Arimbasseri A.G., Kassavetis G.A., Maraia R.J., Transcription. Comment on “Mechanism of eukaryotic RNA polymerase III transcription termination,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 345 (2014) 524.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Korn D., Rich R.R., Garrison H.H., Golub S.H., Hendrix M.J.C., Heinig S.J., Masters B.S., Turman R.J., Science policy. The NIH budget in the “postdoubling” era, Science (New York, N.Y.), 296 (2002) 1401–1402.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gasser W., Heiner E., Elk K., Greensche Funktionen in Festkörper- Und Vielteilchenphysik, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG, 2005.
An edited book
Hassan O.H., Abidin S.Z., Anwar R., Kamaruzaman M.F., Eds., Proceedings of the International Symposium on Research of Arts, Design and Humanities (ISRADH 2014), 1st ed. 2015. ed, Springer, Singapore, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Siddique U., Tahar S., On the Formalization of Cardinal Points of Optical Systems, in: Bouabana-Tebibel T., Rubin S.H. (Eds.), Formalisms for Reuse and Systems Integration, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015, pp.79–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for KONA Powder and Particle Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E., 2015, What Will We Find Next Inside The Large Hadron Collider? <> accessed 30.10.2018, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Safety: NASA’s National Aviation Operations Monitoring Service Project Was Designed Appropriately, but Sampling and Other Issues Complicate Data Analysis (No. GAO-09-112), U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Flynn M.J., Lifeguard employability skills (Doctoral dissertation), California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C., For Purveyor of Heartache and Cruelty, It’s All Fiction, New York Times, (2012) A23B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grayson, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Grayson, 2015; Xavier and Podolsky, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Xavier and Podolsky, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Korn et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleKONA Powder and Particle Journal
ISSN (print)0288-4534
ISSN (online)2187-5537

Other styles