How to format your references using the KONA Powder and Particle Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for KONA Powder and Particle Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knapp S., Dynamic diversity, Nature, 422 (2003) 475.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lasaga A.C., Luttge A., Variation of crystal dissolution rate based on a dissolution stepwave model, Science (New York, N.Y.), 291 (2001) 2400–2404.
A journal article with 3 authors
Azuma S., Katayama I., Nakakuki T., Rheological decoupling at the Moho and implication to Venusian tectonics, Scientific reports, 4 (2014) 4403.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tigges M., Marquez-Lago T.T., Stelling J., Fussenegger M., A tunable synthetic mammalian oscillator, Nature, 457 (2009) 309–312.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rabe J.L., Martorana R.J., Alts Democratized, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
Kiang T.K.L., Wilby K.J., Ensom M.H.H., Eds., Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Drug Interactions Associated with Antiretroviral Drugs, Springer, Singapore, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Sarkar I.N., Mining the Bibliome, in: Payne P.R.O., Embi P.J. (Eds.), Translational Informatics: Realizing the Promise of Knowledge-Driven Healthcare, Springer, London, 2015, pp.75–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for KONA Powder and Particle Journal.

Blog post
Carpineti A., 2016, Pulsating White Dwarf Whips Its Companion Star With Beam Of Particles <> accessed 30.10.2018, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Follow-Up on Contracting Issues at Denver International Airport (No. RCED-96-95R), U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Montano M., Supporting juvenile offenders reentering the community: A grant proposal project (Doctoral dissertation), California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman J., Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman, New York Times, (2016) MM18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knapp, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Knapp, 2003; Lasaga and Luttge, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lasaga and Luttge, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Tigges et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleKONA Powder and Particle Journal
ISSN (print)0288-4534
ISSN (online)2187-5537

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