How to format your references using the KONA Powder and Particle Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for KONA Powder and Particle Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P., Biotech’s balancing act, Nature, 423 (2003) 363.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maillard I., Saltiel A.R., Metabolism: Inflammation keeps old mice healthy, Nature, 528 (2015) 44–46.
A journal article with 3 authors
Giles S., Friedman M., Brazeau M.D., Osteichthyan-like cranial conditions in an Early Devonian stem gnathostome, Nature, 520 (2015) 82–85.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee S.-M., Pippel E., Gösele U., Dresbach C., Qin Y., Chandran C.V., Bräuniger T., Hause G., Knez M., Greatly increased toughness of infiltrated spider silk, Science (New York, N.Y.), 324 (2009) 488–492.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stauffer H.B., Contemporary Bayesian and Frequentist Statistical Research Methods for Natural Resource Scientists, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2007.
An edited book
Ahmad S.I., Ed., Neurodegenerative Diseases, Springer US, New York, NY, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Vorugunti C.S., Sarvabhatla M., A More Efficient and Secure Authentication Scheme over Insecure Networks Using Smart Cards, in: Thampi S.M., Atrey P.K., Fan C.-I., Perez G.M. (Eds.), Security in Computing and Communications: International Symposium, SSCC 2013, Mysore, India, August 22-24, 2013. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013, pp.42–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for KONA Powder and Particle Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E., 2015, Can We Expand Solar Power Dramatically Without Damaging Protected Lands? <> accessed 30.10.2018, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Airline Deregulation: Changes in Airfares and Service at Four South Carolina Communities (No. T-RCED-99-117), U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slabaugh J.L., The Occurrence of Alternans and Arrhythmias in a Multicellular, Cardiac Preparation (Doctoral dissertation), Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kelly C., An Unorthodox Life Yields a Novelist of Promise, New York Times, (2011) A27B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Maillard and Saltiel, 2015; Smaglik, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maillard and Saltiel, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleKONA Powder and Particle Journal
ISSN (print)0288-4534
ISSN (online)2187-5537

Other styles