How to format your references using the KONA Powder and Particle Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for KONA Powder and Particle Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Church J.A., Oceans. A change in circulation?, Science (New York, N.Y.), 317 (2007) 908–909.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mitchell S.J., Silver R.A., Glutamate spillover suppresses inhibition by activating presynaptic mGluRs, Nature, 404 (2000) 498–502.
A journal article with 3 authors
Paredez A.R., Somerville C.R., Ehrhardt D.W., Visualization of cellulose synthase demonstrates functional association with microtubules, Science (New York, N.Y.), 312 (2006) 1491–1495.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Oe Y., Tominaga-Yoshino K., Hasegawa S., Ogura A., Dendritic spine dynamics in synaptogenesis after repeated LTP inductions: dependence on pre-existing spine density, Scientific reports, 3 (2013) 1957.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kandel H.G., Verfahrenstechnische Methoden in Der Wirkstoffherstellung, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG, 2005.
An edited book
Rebennack S., Pardalos P.M., Pereira M.V.F., Iliadis N.A., Eds., Handbook of Power Systems II, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Hu W., Zha L., Theoretical Aspects of Polymer Crystallization, in: Mitchell G.R., Tojeira A. (Eds.), Controlling the Morphology of Polymers: Multiple Scales of Structure and Processing, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016, pp.101–143.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for KONA Powder and Particle Journal.

Blog post
Carpineti A., 2016, The Real-Life Planets And Moons That Resemble Worlds In “Star Wars” <; accessed 30.10.2018, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Guaranteed Student Loans: Potential Default and Cost Reduction Options (No. HRD-88-52BR), U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tu K.N., Novel bivalent organophosphates as inhibitors of butyrylcholinesterase — Compounds with potential for treatment of Alzheimer’s disease and studies in the development of asymmetric catalytic Kabachnik-Fields reaction (Doctoral dissertation), California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G., Days of a Dynasty Are Only a Memory For a Distinct Race, New York Times, (2011) SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Church, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Church, 2007; Mitchell and Silver, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mitchell and Silver, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Oe et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleKONA Powder and Particle Journal
ISSN (print)0288-4534
ISSN (online)2187-5537

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