How to format your references using the Pediatric Anesthesia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Anesthesia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Cuomo S. Beyond the ivory tower. The sinews of war: ancient catapults. Science. 2004 Feb 6;303(5659):771–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Bard E, Rickaby REM. Migration of the subtropical front as a modulator of glacial climate. Nature. 2009 Jul 16;460(7253):380–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Hummer G, Rasaiah JC, Noworyta JP. Water conduction through the hydrophobic channel of a carbon nanotube. Nature. 2001 Nov 8;414(6860):188–90.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Bolotin KI, Ghahari F, Shulman MD, Stormer HL, Kim P. Observation of the fractional quantum Hall effect in graphene. Nature. 2009 Nov 12;462(7270):196–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Knudsen S. Cancer Diagnostics with DNA Microarrays. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1
Margaria T, Steffen B, editors. Leveraging Applications of Formal Methods, Verification and Validation: Third International Symposium, ISoLA 2008, Porto Sani, Greece, October 13-15, 2008. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Janssen PAEM. Hamiltonian Description of Ocean Waves and Freak Waves. In: Onorato M, Resitori S, Baronio F, editors. Rogue and Shock Waves in Nonlinear Dispersive Media. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 117–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Anesthesia.

Blog post
1
Fang J. How to Hear Through Soundproof Glass With A Potato Chip Bag [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/how-hear-through-soundproof-glass-potato-chip-bag/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Financial Management Systems: Status of OMB’s Review of Financial System Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Feb. Report No.: GAO-12-184R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Pundir B. Surface pressure fluctuations due to an impinging underexpanded supersonic jet [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Burghardt LF. New Meters Get a Mixed Review. New York Times. 2006 Nov 26;14LI11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Anesthesia
AbbreviationPaediatr. Anaesth.
ISSN (print)1155-5645
ISSN (online)1460-9592
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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