How to format your references using the Pediatric Anesthesia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Anesthesia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Goode J. Viticulture: Fruity with a hint of drought. Nature. 2012 Dec 20;492(7429):351–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Chan Y-HM, Marshall WF. How cells know the size of their organelles. Science. 2012 Sep 7;337(6099):1186–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Skipper M, Weiss U, Gray N. Plasticity. Nature. 2010 Jun 10;465(7299):703.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Lam TKT, Gutierrez-Juarez R, Pocai A, Rossetti L. Regulation of blood glucose by hypothalamic pyruvate metabolism. Science. 2005 Aug 5;309(5736):943–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Arendt JS, Lorenzo DK. Evaluating Process Safety in the Chemical Industry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2000.
An edited book
1
Schomburg D, Schomburg I, Chang A, editors. Springer Handbook of Enzymes: Class 2 · Transferases XII EC 2.7.8–2.9.1. Second Edition. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Wang G, Wang X, Liu X, Li Q. Diversity and Biogeochemical Function of Planktonic Fungi in the Ocean. In: Raghukumar C, editor. Biology of Marine Fungi. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 71–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Anesthesia.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Every World In A Grain Of Sand: John Nash’s Astonishing Geometry [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/physics/every-world-grain-sand-john-nash-s-astonishing-geometry/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology Management: Census Bureau Has Implemented Many Key Practices, but Additional Actions Are Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Jun. Report No.: GAO-05-661.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Williams B. The Impact on Reunification for Families with Incarcerated Parents: A Policy Analysis of the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Koblin J. Some Live Colbert Shows Planned After Debates. New York Times. 2016 Aug 10;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Anesthesia
AbbreviationPaediatr. Anaesth.
ISSN (print)1155-5645
ISSN (online)1460-9592
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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