How to format your references using the Pediatric Anesthesia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Anesthesia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Brodholt JP. Pressure-induced changes in the compression mechanism of aluminous perovskite in the Earth’s mantle. Nature. 2000 Oct 5;407(6804):620–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Wiseman BS, Werb Z. Stromal effects on mammary gland development and breast cancer. Science. 2002 May 10;296(5570):1046–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Bosmans F, Martin-Eauclaire M-F, Swartz KJ. Deconstructing voltage sensor function and pharmacology in sodium channels. Nature. 2008 Nov 13;456(7219):202–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Lagos-Quintana M, Rauhut R, Lendeckel W, Tuschl T. Identification of novel genes coding for small expressed RNAs. Science. 2001 Oct 26;294(5543):853–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Labadie N, Prins C, Prodhon C. Metaheuristics for Vehicle Routing Problems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1
Brosius C, Wenzlhuemer R, editors. Transcultural Turbulences: Towards a Multi-Sited Reading of Image Flows. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Seitz F, Krügel M. Inverse Model Approach for vertical Load Deformations in Consideration of Crustal Inhomogeneities. In: Drewes H, editor. Geodetic Reference Frames: IAG Symposium Munich, Germany, 9-14 October 2006. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 23–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Anesthesia.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Scientists May Have Solved Origins Of Mysterious Feature In Venus’ Atmosphere [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/scientists-may-have-solved-origins-mysterious-feature-venus-atmosphere/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. School Facilities: Physical Conditions in School Districts Receiving Impact Aid for Students Residing on Indian Lands. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Oct. Report No.: GAO-10-32.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Shimizu K. The Procurement System of the Japanese Space Agency: Present Challenges, Future Promise [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Greenhill KM. Don’t Dumb Down the Army. New York Times. 2006 Feb 17;A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Anesthesia
AbbreviationPaediatr. Anaesth.
ISSN (print)1155-5645
ISSN (online)1460-9592
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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