How to format your references using the Pediatric Anesthesia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Anesthesia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Kuo AD. Biophysics. Harvesting energy by improving the economy of human walking. Science. 2005 Sep 9;309(5741):1686–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Wijffels RH, Barbosa MJ. An outlook on microalgal biofuels. Science. 2010 Aug 13;329(5993):796–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
LaDeau SL, Kilpatrick AM, Marra PP. West Nile virus emergence and large-scale declines of North American bird populations. Nature. 2007 Jun 7;447(7145):710–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Koss MJ, Blecha L, Bernhard P, Hung C-L, Lu JR, Trakthenbrot B, et al. A population of luminous accreting black holes with hidden mergers. Nature. 2018 Nov;563(7730):214–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Eidhammer I, Barsnes H, Eide GE, Martens L. Computational and Statistical Methods for Protein Quantification by Mass Spectrometry. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1
Zhu Q, Alpcan T, Panaousis E, Tambe M, Casey W, editors. Decision and Game Theory for Security: 7th International Conference, GameSec 2016, New York, NY, USA, November 2-4, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Przelaskowski A. Computer-Aided Diagnosis: From Image Understanding to Integrated Assistance. In: Pietka E, Kawa J, editors. Information Technologies in Biomedicine. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 44–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Anesthesia.

Blog post
1
Carpineti A. Watch A Supernova Remnant Expand Before Your Eyes [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/watch-supernova-remnant-expand-your-eyes/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Asbestos in Schools: A Dilemma. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 Aug. Report No.: CED-82-114.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Rose L. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing: An Exploration From Science to Soul [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Vecsey G. U.S. Soccer’s Home And the World’s New Destination. New York Times. 2011 Jul 28;B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Anesthesia
AbbreviationPaediatr. Anaesth.
ISSN (print)1155-5645
ISSN (online)1460-9592
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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