How to format your references using the Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy (KSSTA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Karsenty G (2003) The complexities of skeletal biology. Nature 423:316–318
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Le Goff L, Lecuit T (2009) Developmental biology. Phase transition in a cell. Science 324:1654–1655
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Motose H, Sugiyama M, Fukuda H (2004) A proteoglycan mediates inductive interaction during plant vascular development. Nature 429:873–878
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Yamamoto K, Gildenberg M, Ahuja S, Im S-C, Pearcy P, Waskell L, Ramamoorthy A (2013) Probing the transmembrane structure and topology of microsomal cytochrome-p450 by solid-state NMR on temperature-resistant bicelles. Sci Rep 3:2556

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ferrari ML, Damo UM, Turan A, Sánchez D (2017) Hybrid Systems Based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Fleischmann A (2012) Subject-Oriented Business Process Management. Schmidt W, Stary C, Obermeier S, Börger E (eds) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Baru C, Bhandarkar M, Curino C, Danisch M, Frank M, Gowda B, Jacobsen H-A, Jie H, Kumar D, Nambiar R, Poess M, Raab F, Rabl T, Ravi N, Sachs K, Sen S, Yi L, Youn C (2015) Discussion of BigBench: A Proposed Industry Standard Performance Benchmark for Big Data. In Nambiar R, Poess M (eds) Performance Characterization and Benchmarking Traditional to Big Data: 6th TPC Technology Conference, TPCTC 2014, Hangzhou, China, September 1--5, 2014 Revised Selected Papers Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 44–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2016, May 2) Phasing Out Fossil Fuels For Renewables May Not Be A Straightforward Swap. IFLScience IFLScience

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2006) Telecommunications: Full Adoption of Sound Transition Planning Practices by GSA and Selected Agencies Could Improve Planning Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Walsh EF (2010) The development of comprehensive criminal justice leadership standards: A modified Delphi study approach. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Rosenberg E, Stack L (2017, May 18) Times Square Chaos as Driver Kills a Woman and Injures 22. New York Times

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleKnee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
AbbreviationKnee Surg. Sports Traumatol. Arthrosc.
ISSN (print)0942-2056
ISSN (online)1433-7347
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine
Surgery

Other styles