How to format your references using the Animal Cells and Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Animal Cells and Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jahn R. 2006. Neuroscience. A neuronal receptor for botulinum toxin. Science. 312(5773):540–541.
A journal article with 2 authors
Szalay A, Gray J. 2001. The world-wide telescope. Science. 293(5537):2037–2040.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cacchione DA, Pratson LF, Ogston AS. 2002. The shaping of continental slopes by internal tides. Science. 296(5568):724–727.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Xu Z, Wei W, Gagneur J, Perocchi F, Clauder-Münster S, Camblong J, Guffanti E, Stutz F, Huber W, Steinmetz LM. 2009. Bidirectional promoters generate pervasive transcription in yeast. Nature. 457(7232):1033–1037.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schiek B, Rolfes I, Siweris H-J. 2005. Noise in High-Frequency Circuits and Oscillators. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Atweh B, Graven M, Secada W, Valero P, editors. 2011. Mapping Equity and Quality in Mathematics Education. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Fiorini S. 2013. Change in Natural Resource Management: An Experiment with “Participatory GIS.” In: Brondízio ES, Moran EF, editors. Human-Environment Interactions: Current and Future Directions. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; p. 97–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Animal Cells and Systems.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2016. Brutal Battle Between Tiger And Leopard Caught On Camera. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Issues and Anticipated Results. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez K. 2009. Personal narrative: The struggles and limitations of immigration experienced by an El Salvadorian refugee [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt LF. 2006. In Great Neck, a Debate On Firefighter Housing. New York Times.:14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jahn 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Szalay and Gray 2001; Jahn 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Szalay and Gray 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Xu et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnimal Cells and Systems
AbbreviationAnimal Cells Syst. (Seoul)
ISSN (print)1976-8354
ISSN (online)2151-2485
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology

Other styles