How to format your references using the Animal Cells and Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Animal Cells and Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Service RF. 2008. Structural biology. Protein structure initiative: phase 3 or phase out. Science. 319:1610–1613.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen F, Krasnow MA. 2014. Progenitor outgrowth from the niche in Drosophila trachea is guided by FGF from decaying branches. Science. 343:186–189.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grafton RQ, Kompas T, Hilborn RW. 2007. Economics of overexploitation revisited. Science. 318:1601.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Lahdenperä M, Lummaa V, Helle S, Tremblay M, Russell AF. 2004. Fitness benefits of prolonged post-reproductive lifespan in women. Nature. 428:178–181.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schweiker W. 2010. Dust that Breathes. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Paul G, Vaudenay S, editors. 2013. Progress in Cryptology – INDOCRYPT 2013: 14th International Conference on Cryptology in India, Mumbai, India, December 7-10, 2013. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang J, Yin X, Zheng L. 2012. SNR and Carrier Phase Estimation of BPSK Signal. In: Wu Y, editor. Advances in Computer, Communication, Control and Automation. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 31–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Animal Cells and Systems.

Blog post
Fang J. 2014. Microbes Living in Tiny Water Droplets Help Break Down Oil. IFLScience [Internet]. [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Aviation Safety: Weaknesses in Inspection and Enforcement Limit FAA in Identifying and Responding to Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schneider SZ. 2009. Mercury sources and cycling processes in the Cape Fear River estuary, North Carolina [Doctoral dissertation]. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis A, Taylor K. 2013. After an Introduction by de Blasio, a Brooklyn Hospital Hired His Wife. New York Times.:A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Service 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Service 2008; Chen & Krasnow 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen & Krasnow 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Lahdenperä et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnimal Cells and Systems
AbbreviationAnimal Cells Syst. (Seoul)
ISSN (print)1976-8354
ISSN (online)2151-2485
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology

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