How to format your references using the Animal Cells and Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Animal Cells and Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Haroche S. 2012. The secrets of my prizewinning research. Nature. 490(7420):311.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ardejani MS, Orner BP. 2013. Materials science. Obey the peptide assembly rules. Science. 340(6132):561–562.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bylinskii A, Gangloff D, Vuletić V. 2015. Friction. Tuning friction atom-by-atom in an ion-crystal simulator. Science. 348(6239):1115–1118.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Stevenson RM, Young RJ, Atkinson P, Cooper K, Ritchie DA, Shields AJ. 2006. A semiconductor source of triggered entangled photon pairs. Nature. 439(7073):179–182.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nash CE. 2011. The History of Aquaculture. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Prieto PA. 2013. Spain’s Photovoltaic Revolution: The Energy Return on Investment. Hall CAS, editor. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Boy de la Tour T, Peltier N. 2014. Analogy in Automated Deduction: A Survey. In: Prade H, Richard G, editors. Computational Approaches to Analogical Reasoning: Current Trends. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 103–130.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Animal Cells and Systems.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2014. Watch A Giant Leech Swallow A Giant Worm Whole. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Transportation and Telecommunications Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mersch C. 2012. Campus-based drunk-driving intervention program: A grant proposal project [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B. 2017. In Comeback From Injury, Stephens Falls Short Against Another American. New York Times.:B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Haroche 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Haroche 2012; Ardejani & Orner 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ardejani & Orner 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Stevenson et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnimal Cells and Systems
AbbreviationAnimal Cells Syst. (Seoul)
ISSN (print)1976-8354
ISSN (online)2151-2485
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology

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