How to format your references using the Animal Cells and Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Animal Cells and Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kitano H. 2002. Systems biology: a brief overview. Science. 295(5560):1662–1664.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nohturfft A, Losick R. 2002. Cell biology. Fats, flies, and palmitate. Science. 296(5569):857–858.
A journal article with 3 authors
Beeli G, Esslen M, Jäncke L. 2005. Synaesthesia: when coloured sounds taste sweet. Nature. 434(7029):38.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Partridge GB, Li W, Kamar RI, Liao Y-A, Hulet RG. 2006. Pairing and phase separation in a polarized Fermi gas. Science. 311(5760):503–505.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carter KB. 2014. Actionable Intelligence. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Seiler F, Igra O, editors. 2016. Hypervelocity Launchers. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Rudolf D, Mould D. 2010. An Interactive Fluid Model of Jellyfish for Animation. In: Ranchordas A, Pereira JM, Araújo HJ, Tavares JMRS, editors. Computer Vision, Imaging and Computer Graphics Theory and Applications: International Joint Conference, VISIGRAPP 2009, Lisboa, Portugal, February 5-8, 2009 Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 59–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Animal Cells and Systems.

Blog post
Hale T. 2016. This Is Why You Should Never Wash Your Contact Lenses With Tap Water. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. James Webb Space Telescope: Project Facing Increased Schedule Risk with Significant Work Remaining. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sanghvi AM. 2009. Characterization of algal biomeal for applications in food [Doctoral dissertation]. College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG. 2012. A Human Superstar Among the Superheroes. New York Times.:C33.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kitano 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Kitano 2002; Nohturfft and Losick 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nohturfft and Losick 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Partridge et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnimal Cells and Systems
AbbreviationAnimal Cells Syst. (Seoul)
ISSN (print)1976-8354
ISSN (online)2151-2485
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology

Other styles