How to format your references using the Animal Cells and Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Animal Cells and Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zheng JQ. 2000. Turning of nerve growth cones induced by localized increases in intracellular calcium ions. Nature. 403(6765):89–93.
A journal article with 2 authors
Neilsen J, Lee JC. 2009. Accretion disk winds as the jet suppression mechanism in the microquasar GRS 1915+105. Nature. 458(7237):481–484.
A journal article with 3 authors
Santos FC, Santos MD, Pacheco JM. 2008. Social diversity promotes the emergence of cooperation in public goods games. Nature. 454(7201):213–216.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Suh E-K, Yang A, Kettenbach A, Bamberger C, Michaelis AH, Zhu Z, Elvin JA, Bronson RT, Crum CP, McKeon F. 2006. p63 protects the female germ line during meiotic arrest. Nature. 444(7119):624–628.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith GS. 2013. Straight to the Top. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Iglesias J, Fuentes L, Villanueva R, editors. 2014. Cephalopod Culture. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Suzdalev IP, Maksimov YV. 2007. Critical sizes and characteristics of nanoclusters and nanostructures. In: Lippens P-E, Jumas J-C, Génin J-MR, editors. ICAME 2005: Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on the Applications of the Mössbauer Effect (ICAME 2005) held in Montpellier, France, 4–9 September 2005, Volume I (Part I–II/V). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 25–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Animal Cells and Systems.

Blog post
Fang J. 2015. Seabirds Feast On Seafood Buffet Thanks To Jellyfish Blooms. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Airline Competition: Pending Legislation Helps to Address Serious Competitive Problems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koonin LM. 2013. Acceptability of pharmacies serving as primary dispensers of antiviral drugs during an influenza pandemic: Perspectives of pharmacy executives [Doctoral dissertation]. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. 2001. Like the Schemes of Mice and Men, A Portrait of Burns Goes Astray. New York Times.:144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zheng 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Zheng 2000; Neilsen and Lee 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Neilsen and Lee 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Suh et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnimal Cells and Systems
AbbreviationAnimal Cells Syst. (Seoul)
ISSN (print)1976-8354
ISSN (online)2151-2485
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology

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