How to format your references using the Kidney International Supplements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Kidney International Supplements. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Kuypers MMM. Microbiology. Sizing up the uncultivated majority. Science 2007; 317: 1510–1511.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Rambold AS, Lippincott-Schwartz J. Cell biology. SevERing mitochondria. Science 2011; 334: 186–187.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Thompson JK, Peterson MR, Freeman RD. Single-neuron activity and tissue oxygenation in the cerebral cortex. Science 2003; 299: 1070–1072.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Kuwatani T, Nagata K, Okada M et al. Machine-learning techniques for geochemical discrimination of 2011 Tohoku tsunami deposits. Sci. Rep. 2014; 4: 7077.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Langlois P. Simulation of Complex Systems in GIS. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Urias DA ed. The Immigration & Education Nexus: A Focus on the Context & Consequences of Schooling. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Woodhead I. Modelling Electromagnetic Field Sensors. In: Mukhopadhyay SC, Huang RYM, eds. Sensors: Advancements in Modeling, Design Issues, Fabrication and Practical Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008, pp.61–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Kidney International Supplements.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Homo Naledi Might Be A Million Years Younger Than We Thought. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Port Development: Sponsors Have Not Used User Fee Financing to Date. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Adams AW. Shepherd leadership of Church of God pastors and how this relates to ministerial effectiveness. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hollander S. Downbeat of Feet Uptown in Harlem. New York Times. November 4, 2002:F6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleKidney International Supplements
AbbreviationKidney Int. Suppl. (2011)
ISSN (print)2157-1724
ISSN (online)2157-1716

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