How to format your references using the Kidney International Supplements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Kidney International Supplements. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Rees MJ. Piecing together the biggest puzzle of all. Science 2000; 290: 1919–1925.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Lumaret R, Ouazzani N. Plant genetics. Ancient wild olives in Mediterranean forests. Nature 2001; 413: 700.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Taneike M, Abe F, Sawada K. Creep-strengthening of steel at high temperatures using nano-sized carbonitride dispersions. Nature 2003; 424: 294–296.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Levine JD, Funes P, Dowse HB et al. Resetting the circadian clock by social experience in Drosophila melanogaster. Science 2002; 298: 2010–2012.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Safonov VO. Using Aspect-Oriented Programming for Trustworthy Software Development. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
1. Capitelli M. Fundamental Aspects of Plasma Chemical Physics: Kinetics. 1st ed. 2016. (Celiberto R, Colonna G, Esposito F, et al., eds.). New York, NY: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cowpertwait PSP, Metcalfe AV. Basic Stochastic Models. In: Cowpertwait PSP, ed. Introductory Time Series with R. New York, NY: Springer, 2009, pp.67–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Kidney International Supplements.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Drone-Smacking Chimp Shows Forward Planning Of Weapon Use. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Review of Certain Activities of the Florida School Desegregating Consulting Center. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1970.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Anaya S. Animo clinician training program for detection and treatment of depression during pregnancy and postpartum depression in low income Latina women a grant proposal project. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Dominus S. Singing Together Again. New York Times. December 16, 2016:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleKidney International Supplements
AbbreviationKidney Int. Suppl. (2011)
ISSN (print)2157-1724
ISSN (online)2157-1716

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