How to format your references using the Annals of Clinical Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Clinical Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Galizia CG. Neuroscience. Brainwashing, honeybee style. Science. 2007 Jul 20;317(5836):326–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
McGraw JB, Furedi MA. Deer browsing and population viability of a forest understory plant. Science. 2005 Feb 11;307(5711):920–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lin Y-J, Jiménez-García K, Spielman IB. Spin-orbit-coupled Bose-Einstein condensates. Nature. 2011 Mar 3;471(7336):83–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gómez Cano AR, Cantalapiedra JL, Álvarez-Sierra MÁ, Hernández Fernández M. A macroecological glance at the structure of late Miocene rodent assemblages from Southwest Europe. Sci Rep. 2014 Oct 9;4:6557.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee JC, McCormick NJ. Risk and Safety Analysis of Nuclear Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Kim T-H, Adeli H, Grosky WI, Pissinou N, Shih TK, Rothwell EJ, et al., editors. Multimedia, Computer Graphics and Broadcasting: International Conference, MulGraB 2011, Held as Part of the Future Generation Information Technology Conference, FGIT 2011, in Conjunction with GDC 2011, Jeju Island, Korea, December 8-10, 2011. Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. 424 p. 216 illus., 140 illus. in color. (Communications in Computer and Information Science; vol. 262).
A chapter in an edited book
Reichert M, Weber B. Process Modeling and Flexibility-by-Design. In: Weber B, editor. Enabling Flexibility in Process-Aware Information Systems: Challenges, Methods, Technologies. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 59–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Clinical Biochemistry.

Blog post
Luntz S. Century Old Heart Attack Treatment Challenged [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Financial Audit: The Federal Communications Commission’s Fiscal Year 2004 Management Representation Letter on Its Financial Statements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Jul. Report No.: GAO-05-608R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Milliken DE. Blood pressure measurement in the primary care provider setting: A project evaluating the blood pressure technique of nursing staff [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Van Gelder SKC by L. Arts, Briefly; Can They Make Book on Dostoyevsky? New York Times. 2005 Mar 4;E4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Clinical Biochemistry
AbbreviationAnn. Clin. Biochem.
ISSN (print)0004-5632
ISSN (online)1758-1001
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
General Medicine

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