How to format your references using the Annals of Clinical Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Clinical Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P. Fact or fiction? Nature. 2003 Sep 11;425(6954):219.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ricklefs RE, Outlaw DC. A molecular clock for malaria parasites. Science. 2010 Jul 9;329(5988):226–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bailes F, Dean RT, Pearce MT. Music cognition as mental time travel. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2690.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Lander GC, Tang L, Casjens SR, Gilcrease EB, Prevelige P, Poliakov A, et al. The structure of an infectious P22 virion shows the signal for headful DNA packaging. Science. 2006 Jun 23;312(5781):1791–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Good PI. Introduction to Statistics Through Resampling Methods and R. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Takeda K, Hansen JHL, Erdoğan H, Abut H, editors. In-Vehicle Corpus and Signal Processing for Driver Behavior. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2009. XIV, 286 p. 125 illus.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Okaie Y, Nakano T, Hara T, Nishio S. Controllability of Mobile Bionanosensors. In: Nakano T, Hara T, Nishio S, editors. Target Detection and Tracking by Bionanosensor Networks. Singapore: Springer; 2016. p. 53–8. (SpringerBriefs in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Clinical Biochemistry.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Injecting Bacteria Can Shrink Tumors [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/injecting-bacteria-can-shrink-tumors/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. International Air Passengers: Staffing Model for Airport Inspections Personnel Can Be Improved. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Jul. Report No.: GAO-05-663.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hariharan SB. The Structure of the Blue Whirl: A Soot-Free Reacting Vortex Phenomenon [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Otis J. Car Accident Takes Away Independence and Financial Security. New York Times. 2016 Nov 16;A28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Clinical Biochemistry
AbbreviationAnn. Clin. Biochem.
ISSN (print)0004-5632
ISSN (online)1758-1001
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
General Medicine

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