How to format your references using the Annals of Clinical Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Clinical Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
McGill BJ. A test of the unified neutral theory of biodiversity. Nature. 2003 Apr 24;422(6934):881–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Peter IS, Davidson EH. A gene regulatory network controlling the embryonic specification of endoderm. Nature. 2011 May 29;474(7353):635–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Khatiwala S, Primeau F, Hall T. Reconstruction of the history of anthropogenic CO(2) concentrations in the ocean. Nature. 2009 Nov 19;462(7271):346–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Macůrek L, Lindqvist A, Lim D, Lampson MA, Klompmaker R, Freire R, et al. Polo-like kinase-1 is activated by aurora A to promote checkpoint recovery. Nature. 2008 Sep 4;455(7209):119–23.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Mamishev A, Williams S. Technical Writing for Teams. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Katarzyniak R, Chiu T-F, Hong C-F, Nguyen NT, editors. Semantic Methods for Knowledge Management and Communication. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. X, 370 p. (Studies in Computational Intelligence; vol. 381).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kang K, Zhang J, Cao Y, Wang Z. Simultaneously Retargeting and Super-Resolution for Stereoscopic Video. In: Zha H, Chen X, Wang L, Miao Q, editors. Computer Vision: CCF Chinese Conference, CCCV 2015, Xi’an, China, September 18-20, 2015, Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015. p. 31–40. (Communications in Computer and Information Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Clinical Biochemistry.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Man Has Night Vision Injected Into His Eyeballs [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/biohacker-had-night-vision-injected-his-eyeballs/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Air Fares and Service at Concentrated Airports. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Jun. Report No.: T-RCED-89-37.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Goldberg AL. The Seriously Ill Patient’s Broken Care Continuum: One Community’s Action Response [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hirsch GA. The Humanity of the Long-Distance Runner. New York Times. 2011 Apr 24;SP10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Clinical Biochemistry
AbbreviationAnn. Clin. Biochem.
ISSN (print)0004-5632
ISSN (online)1758-1001
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
General Medicine

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