How to format your references using the Kidney Disease and Transplantation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Kidney Disease and Transplantation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Humayun M. Planetary science. A unique piece of Mars. Science. 2013;339:771–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wuchty S, Uetz P. Protein-protein Interaction Networks of E. coli and S. cerevisiae are similar. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7187.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Thomas DSG, Knight M, Wiggs GFS. Remobilization of southern African desert dune systems by twenty-first century global warming. Nature. 2005;435:1218–21.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Qi HH, Sarkissian M, Hu G-Q, Wang Z, Bhattacharjee A, Gordon DB, et al. Histone H4K20/H3K9 demethylase PHF8 regulates zebrafish brain and craniofacial development. Nature. 2010;466:503–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Kulaev IS, Vagabov VM, Kulakovskaya TV. The Biochemistry of Inorganic Polyphosphates. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1. Bivand RS. Applied Spatial Data Analysis with R. 2nd ed. 2013. Pebesma E, Gómez-Rubio V, editors. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Lombide Carreton A, Pinte K, De Meuter W. MORENA: A Middleware for Programming NFC-Enabled Android Applications as Distributed Object-Oriented Programs. In: Narasimhan P, Triantafillou P, editors. Middleware 2012: ACM/IFIP/USENIX 13th International Middleware Conference, Montreal, QC, Canada, December 3-7, 2012 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 61–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Kidney Disease and Transplantation.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Stem Cells Show Promise – But They Also Have A Darker Side [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/stem-cells-show-promise-but-they-also-have-a-darker-side/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Inadequacies in Data Processing Planning in the Department of Commerce. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 May. Report No.: FGMSD-78-27.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Witvorapong N. The Dynamics of Living Arrangements Among the Elderly [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Buckley C. In the Shadow of Towers. New York Times. 2013 Dec 20;A26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleKidney Disease and Transplantation
ISSN (online)2058-511X
Scope

Other styles