How to format your references using the Journal of the Anatomical Society of India citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Anatomical Society of India. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sosnick TR. Comment on “Force-clamp spectroscopy monitors the folding trajectory of a single protein.” Science. 2004;306(5695):411; author reply 411.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moran NA, Jarvik T. Lateral transfer of genes from fungi underlies carotenoid production in aphids. Science. 2010;328(5978):624-627.
A journal article with 3 authors
Franzoni C, Scellato G, Stephan P. Science policy. Changing incentives to publish. Science. 2011;333(6043):702-703.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Holen SR, Deméré TA, Fisher DC, et al. Holen et al. reply. Nature. 2018;554(7691):E3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Massad JJ, Cagna DR, Goodacre CJ, Wicks RA, Ahuja SA. Application of the Neutral Zone in Prosthodontics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
van den Dool L. The Quest for Good Urban Governance: Theoretical Reflections and International Practices. (Hendriks F, Gianoli A, Schaap L, eds.). Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Cai K, Haris M, Singh A, Li LZ, Reddy R. Blood Oxygen Level Dependent Magnetization Transfer (BOLDMT) Effect. In: Welch WJ, Palm F, Bruley DF, Harrison DK, eds. Oxygen Transport to Tissue XXXIV. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer; 2013:31-37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Anatomical Society of India.

Blog post
Andrews R. Can Hickeys Really Cause Some People To Have A Stroke? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. State Infrastructure Banks: A Mechanism to Expand Federal Transportation Financing. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gimbel SI. Imaging Frontal and Medial Temporal Lobe Interaction during Memory Retrieval and Disentangling the Effects of the Default Network. Doctoral dissertation. University of California San Diego; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. Jump in Prostitution Arrests in Super Bowl Week. New York Times. January 30, 2014:B16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Anatomical Society of India
AbbreviationJ. Anat. Soc. India
ISSN (print)0003-2778
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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