How to format your references using the Journal of Terramechanics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Terramechanics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mukhopadhyay, S., 2012. Early differentiation and volatile accretion recorded in deep-mantle neon and xenon. Nature 486, 101–104.
A journal article with 2 authors
Odegaard, J.I., Chawla, A., 2013. Pleiotropic actions of insulin resistance and inflammation in metabolic homeostasis. Science 339, 172–177.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gaillard, F., Scaillet, B., Arndt, N.T., 2011. Atmospheric oxygenation caused by a change in volcanic degassing pressure. Nature 478, 229–232.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Larson, B.C., Yang, W., Ice, G.E., Budai, J.D., Tischler, J.Z., 2002. Three-dimensional X-ray structural microscopy with submicrometre resolution. Nature 415, 887–890.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Padgett, S., 2014. Profiling the Fraudster. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Pleyer, U., 2009. Uveitis and Immunological Disorders, Essentials in Ophthalmology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
El-Sonbaty, Y., Youssef, S.M., Fathalla, K.M., 2011. Enhanced Fuzzy-Based Models for ROI Extraction in Medical Images, in: Kim, T.-H., Adeli, H., Ramos, C., Kang, B.-H. (Eds.), Signal Processing, Image Processing and Pattern Recognition: International Conference, SIP 2011, Held as Part of the Future Generation Information Technology Conference FGIT 2011, in Conjunction with GDC 2011, Jeju Island, Korea, December 8-10, 2011. Proceedings, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 26–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Terramechanics.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Measles Mary: An Outbreak Among Vaccinated Patients [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/measles-mary-outbreak-among-vaccinated-patients/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Readiness of Medicare and the Health Care Sector (No. T-AIMD-99-160). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Viator, L., 2017. Thanatos (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O., 2015. An Early Admirer of ‘Star Wars.’ New York Times C32.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mukhopadhyay, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Mukhopadhyay, 2012; Odegaard and Chawla, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Odegaard and Chawla, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Larson et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Terramechanics
AbbreviationJ. Terramech.
ISSN (print)0022-4898
ScopeMechanical Engineering

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