How to format your references using the Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Hasil Ternak citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Hasil Ternak (JITEK). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
EnsslinT. A., ‘Astronomy. Radio traces of cosmic shock waves’, Science, vol. 314, no. 5800, pp. 772–773, (Nov. 2006).
A journal article with 2 authors
ConradoR. J., GonzalezR., ‘Chemistry. Envisioning the bioconversion of methane to liquid fuels’, Science, vol. 343, no. 6171, pp. 621–623, (Feb. 2014).
A journal article with 3 authors
XingM., LiX., ZhangJ., ‘Synergistic effect on the visible light activity of Ti3+ doped TiO2 nanorods/boron doped graphene composite’, Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 5493, (Jun. 2014).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
TempleL. K., McLeodR. S., GallingerS., WrightJ. G., ‘Essays on science and society. Defining disease in the genomics era’, Science, vol. 293, no. 5531, pp. 807–808, (Aug. 2001).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
BurghardtG., WallsB., Managed Futures for Institutional Investors. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
SunF., HuD., LiuH., Eds., Foundations and Practical Applications of Cognitive Systems and Information Processing: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Cognitive Systems and Information Processing, Beijing, China, Dec 2012 (CSIP2012), vol. 215. Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
TongyingP., ZhukovskyiM., KunoM., ‘Synthesis and Application of Solution-Based II–VI and IV–VI Semiconductor Nanowires’, in Anisotropic Nanomaterials: Preparation, Properties, and Applications, Q. Li, Ed. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 119–156.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Hasil Ternak.

Blog post
CarpinetiA., ‘Home-Grown Organic Materials Discovered On The Surface Of Ceres’, IFLScience, 16-Feb-2017. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, ‘Information Technology: Federal Agencies Face Challenges in Implementing Initiatives to Improve Public Health Infrastructure’, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-05-308, (Jun. 2005).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
TheisenT. D., ‘Improving the collaboration infrastructure of an online inter -institutional consortium’, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
PilonM., ‘Jewish School Falls in Final’, New York Times, p. SP2, 04-Mar-2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference ([1]).
This sentence cites two references ([1], [2]).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: ([1])
  • Three authors: ([1])
  • Four or more authors: ([1])

About the journal

Full journal titleJurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Hasil Ternak
ISSN (print)1978-0303
ISSN (online)2338-1620

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