How to format your references using the Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Hasil Ternak citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Hasil Ternak (JITEK). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
SmaglikP., ‘State of energy’, Nature, vol. 458, no. 7242, pp. 1208–1209, (Apr. 2009).
A journal article with 2 authors
TitusS., BoschX., ‘Tie funding to research integrity’, Nature, vol. 466, no. 7305, pp. 436–437, (Jul. 2010).
A journal article with 3 authors
KaloniT. P., TahirM., SchwingenschlöglU., ‘Quasi free-standing silicene in a superlattice with hexagonal boron nitride’, Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 3192, (Nov. 2013).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
LakeJ. A., QuickW. P., BeerlingD. J., WoodwardF. I., ‘Plant development. Signals from mature to new leaves’, Nature, vol. 411, no. 6834, p. 154, (May 2001).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
SchattkeW., Díez MuiñoR., Quantum Monte Carlo Programming. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2013.
An edited book
DanielsJ. C., Ed., Butterfly Conservation in North America: Efforts to help save our charismatic microfauna, 1st ed. 2015. Springer Netherlands, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
KolkS. M., PasterkampR. J., ‘MICAL Flavoprotein Monooxygenases: Structure, Function and Role in Semaphorin Signaling’, in Semaphorins: Receptor and Intracellular Signaling Mechanisms, R. J. Pasterkamp, Ed. New York, NY: Springer, 2007, pp. 38–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Hasil Ternak.

Blog post
AndrewE., ‘Viruses Are Highly Evolved Infectious Agents – Perfect To Go After Cancer’, IFLScience, 10-Jun-2015. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, ‘Data Center Consolidation: Reporting Can Be Improved to Reflect Substantial Planned Savings’, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-14-713, (Sep. 2014).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
WursterK. W., ‘Management matter? Effects of charcoal production management on woodland regeneration in Senegal’, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
BurghardtL. F., ‘Neighbors Protest Flea Market’s Move to Belmont Park’, New York Times, p. 14WC6, 07-Jan-2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference ([1]).
This sentence cites two references ([1], [2]).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: ([1])
  • Three authors: ([1])
  • Four or more authors: ([1])

About the journal

Full journal titleJurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Hasil Ternak
ISSN (print)1978-0303
ISSN (online)2338-1620

Other styles