How to format your references using the Lindbergia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Lindbergia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jensen, M. C. 2015. IMMUNOLOGY. Synthetic immunobiology boosts the IQ of T cells. - Science 350: 514–515.
A journal article with 2 authors
Victor, D. G. and Leape, J. P. 2015. Global climate agreement: After the talks. - Nature 527: 439–441.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hessa, T. et al. 2005. Membrane insertion of a potassium-channel voltage sensor. - Science 307: 1427.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Steffens, S. et al. 2005. Low dose oral cannabinoid therapy reduces progression of atherosclerosis in mice. - Nature 434: 782–786.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Frank, W. L. and Whittle, D. K. 2010. Revalidating Process Hazard Analyses. - John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
2014. Public Procurement, Innovation and Policy: International Perspectives (V Lember, R Kattel, and T Kalvet, Eds.). - Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dewi, R. G. et al. 2016. Low-Carbon City Scenarios for DKI Jakarta Towards 2030. - In: Jupesta, J. and Wakiyama, T. (eds), Low Carbon Urban Infrastructure Investment in Asian Cities. Palgrave Macmillan UK, pp. 61–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Lindbergia.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. No, The World Isn’t Going To End In September 2015. - IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2001. Business Systems Modernization: Results of Review of IRS’ Customer Account Data Engine Project.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oppenheimer, C. 2010. Use of bibliotherapy as an adjunctive therapy with bereaved children: A grant proposal.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. 2001. You Let Your Hair Down, and This Barkeep Cuts It. - New York Times: 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jensen 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Jensen 2015, Victor and Leape 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Victor and Leape 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Steffens et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleLindbergia
ISSN (online)2001-5909

Other styles