How to format your references using the Lindbergia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Lindbergia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski, D. 2009. Retracted paper rattles Korean science. - Nature 458: 561.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bezdek, R. and Wendling, R. 2005. Recruiters and industry. Job creation and environmental protection. - Nature 434: 678.
A journal article with 3 authors
Batey, R. T. et al. 2004. Structure of a natural guanine-responsive riboswitch complexed with the metabolite hypoxanthine. - Nature 432: 411–415.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sharpless, N. E. et al. 2001. Loss of p16Ink4a with retention of p19Arf predisposes mice to tumorigenesis. - Nature 413: 86–91.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Klir, G. J. 2005. Uncertainty and Information. - John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
2005. Shock Waves: Proceedings of the 24th International Symposium on Shock Waves Beijing, China July 11–16, 2004 (Z Jiang, Ed.). - Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Antoldi, F. et al. 2011. Empirical Analysis of Nine Export Consortia of SMEs in Morocco, Tunisia, Peru and Uruguay. - In: Cerrato, D. and Depperu, D. (eds), Export Consortia in Developing Countries: Successful Management of Cooperation Among SMEs. Springer, pp. 59–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Lindbergia.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2016. Norway Is The First Country To Commit To Zero Deforestation. - IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1989. Equal Employment Opportunity: Actions Needed for FAA to Implement Committee Recommendations in the Airline Industry.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bontrager, J. G. 2015. Characterization and Applications for A Polymerized DiaCEST Contrast Agent.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M. J. 2017. Atlanta Firm Lures Veteran Deal Maker Back to Law. - New York Times: B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cyranoski 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Bezdek and Wendling 2005, Cyranoski 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bezdek and Wendling 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Sharpless et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleLindbergia
ISSN (online)2001-5909

Other styles