How to format your references using the Lindbergia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Lindbergia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Servick, K. 2014. Top heart lab comes under fire. - Science 345: 254.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sander, P. M. and Clauss, M. 2008. Paleontology. Sauropod gigantism. - Science 322: 200–201.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zavatta, A. et al. 2004. Quantum-to-classical transition with single-photon-added coherent states of light. - Science 306: 660–662.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Morris, R. V. et al. 2010. Identification of carbonate-rich outcrops on Mars by the Spirit rover. - Science 329: 421–424.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Obayya, S. et al. 2016. Computational Liquid Crystal Photonics. - John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
2016. The Use of Coercive Measures in Forensic Psychiatric Care: Legal, Ethical and Practical Challenges (B Völlm and N Nedopil, Eds.). - Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Watts, R. 2016. “Running on Empty”: Australia’s Neoliberal Social Security System, 1988–2015. - In: Mays, J. et al. (eds), Basic Income in Australia and New Zealand: Perspectives from the Neoliberal Frontier. Budget Paper. Palgrave Macmillan US, pp. 69–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Lindbergia.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 2015. Cassini Returns Stunning Image Of Saturn And Dione. - IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2014. Information Technology: Agencies Need to Establish and Implement Incremental Development Policies.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tseng, Y. H.-H. 2008. Motivation of participation in inservice training based on problem solving: A modified Delphi study.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fitzgerald, A. 2017. Worlds in a Cell. - New York Times: BR13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Servick 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Sander and Clauss 2008, Servick 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sander and Clauss 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Morris et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleLindbergia
ISSN (online)2001-5909

Other styles