How to format your references using the Lindbergia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Lindbergia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell, K. 2004. Destressing in the geekosphere. - Nature 427: 268–269.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boettiger, A. N. and Levine, M. 2009. Synchronous and stochastic patterns of gene activation in the Drosophila embryo. - Science 325: 471–473.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dickinson, D. J. et al. 2011. A polarized epithelium organized by beta- and alpha-catenin predates cadherin and metazoan origins. - Science 331: 1336–1339.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gandin, V. et al. 2008. Eukaryotic initiation factor 6 is rate-limiting in translation, growth and transformation. - Nature 455: 684–688.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Parker, D. 2011. Global Real Estate Investment Trusts. - Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
2006. Vocal Fold Paralysis (L Sulica and A Blitzer, Eds.). - Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lara, M. D. and Doyen, L. 2008. Optimal sequential decisions. - In: Doyen, L. (ed), Sustainable Management of Natural Resources: Mathematical Models and Methods. Environmental Science and Engineering. Springer, pp. 107–151.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Lindbergia.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2015. Questions No One Knows The Answers To. - IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1979. Alternatives for the Bureau of Indian Affairs Public School Financial Assistance Program.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gary, J. O. 2011. Women’s social networking: Steps that organize low-technology users with emergency needs.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. et al. 2017. NBC Woos Advertisers With Megyn Kelly, Its New Morning Anchor. - New York Times: B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Powell 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Powell 2004, Boettiger and Levine 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boettiger and Levine 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Gandin et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleLindbergia
ISSN (online)2001-5909

Other styles