How to format your references using the Lindbergia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Lindbergia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kump, L. R. 2002. Reducing uncertainty about carbon dioxide as a climate driver. - Nature 419: 188–190.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kiberstis, P. and Marshall, E. 2011. Cancer crusade at 40. Celebrating an anniversary. Introduction. - Science 331: 1539.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pfeiffer, T. et al. 2001. Cooperation and competition in the evolution of ATP-producing pathways. - Science 292: 504–507.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Papp, S. B. et al. 2009. Characterization of multipartite entanglement for one photon shared among four optical modes. - Science 324: 764–768.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perry, D. E. and Haluska, M. J. 2016. Hiring Greatness. - John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Richter, M. M. 2013. Case-Based Reasoning: A Textbook (RO Weber, Ed.). - Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Brown, J. R. 2005. Naturalism, Pictures, and Platonic Intuitions. - In: Mancosu, P. et al. (eds), Visualization, Explanation and Reasoning Styles in Mathematics. Springer Netherlands, pp. 57–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Lindbergia.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. This 3D Printer Uses Glass For Ink. - IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1971. Assessment of the Teacher Corps Program at Western Carolina University and Participating Schools in North Carolina.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Packman, T. 2017. The Effects of Eccentricity on Rectangular Hollow Structural Section Stress in Moment Connections Loaded Out-of-Plane.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. 2017. TV in the Age of Trump. - New York Times: B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kump 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Kump 2002, Kiberstis and Marshall 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kiberstis and Marshall 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Papp et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleLindbergia
ISSN (online)2001-5909

Other styles