How to format your references using the Lindbergia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Lindbergia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schuster, S. 2007. Translating science into business. - Nature 446: 582.
A journal article with 2 authors
Phillips, P. and Balatsky, A. V. 2007. Physics. Cracking the supersolid. - Science 316: 1435–1436.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ochman, H. et al. 2000. Lateral gene transfer and the nature of bacterial innovation. - Nature 405: 299–304.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Barthes, J. et al. 2013. Coupling of a dipolar emitter into one-dimensional surface plasmon. - Sci. Rep. 3: 2734.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kondrashov, A. S. 2017. Crumbling Genome. - John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
2011. Casimir Physics (D Dalvit, P Milonni, D Roberts, and F da Rosa, Eds.). - Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Belsky, J. 2011. The Determinants of Parenting in GxE Perspective: A Case of Differential Susceptibility? - In: Booth, A. et al. (eds), Biosocial Foundations of Family Processes. National Symposium on Family Issues. Springer, pp. 61–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Lindbergia.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2015. Japan Set to Restart Whaling This Year. - IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2014. Manufacturing Extension Partnership: Most Federal Spending Directly Supports Work with Manufacturers, but Distribution Could Be Improved.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crossman, D. C. 2008. The impact of safety culture on worker motivation and the economic bottom line.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. 2005. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Blast In Dagestan Kills 3. - New York Times: A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schuster 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Schuster 2007, Phillips and Balatsky 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Phillips and Balatsky 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Barthes et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleLindbergia
ISSN (online)2001-5909

Other styles