How to format your references using the Journal on Data Semantics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal on Data Semantics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gilmore G (2004) Astronomy. The short spectacular life of a superstar. Science 304:1915–1916
A journal article with 2 authors
Watanabe M, Kondo S (2015) Fish pigmentation. Comment on “Local reorganization of xanthophores fine-tunes and colors the striped pattern of zebrafish.” Science 348:297
A journal article with 3 authors
Knigge C, Coe MJ, Podsiadlowski P (2011) Two populations of X-ray pulsars produced by two types of supernova. Nature 479:372–375
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Estes JA, Terborgh J, Brashares JS, et al (2011) Trophic downgrading of planet Earth. Science 333:301–306

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morana J (2013) Sustainable Supply Chain Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA
An edited book
Krueger RR, Talamo JH, Lindstrom RL (2013) Textbook of Refractive Laser Assisted Cataract Surgery (ReLACS). Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Hongjian GAO, Chunlan YANG, Lei ZHAO, et al (2010) Design and Implementation of Liver Hyperthermia Treatment Planning System. In: Dössel O, Schlegel WC (eds) World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, September 7 - 12, 2009, Munich, Germany: Vol. 25/4 Image Processing, Biosignal Processing, Modelling and Simulation, Biomechanics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 17–20

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal on Data Semantics.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2014) Amazing GIFs of Octopus Camouflage. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976) Acquisition of Compact and Subcompact Passenger Vehicles To Conserve Fuel. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saperstein AM (2009) Susceptibility to smoking and nicotine dependence in schizophrenia. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J (2017) Revenue Jumps at Netflix As It Plans Spending Spree. New York Times B5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal on Data Semantics
AbbreviationJ. Data Semant.
ISSN (print)1861-2032
ISSN (online)1861-2040
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Computer Networks and Communications
Information Systems

Other styles