How to format your references using the Journal on Data Semantics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal on Data Semantics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gregory CD (2014) Cell biology: The disassembly of death. Nature 507:312–313
A journal article with 2 authors
Ozanne SE, Hales CN (2004) Lifespan: catch-up growth and obesity in male mice. Nature 427:411–412
A journal article with 3 authors
Falnes PØ, Johansen RF, Seeberg E (2002) AlkB-mediated oxidative demethylation reverses DNA damage in Escherichia coli. Nature 419:178–182
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Shpyrko OG, Streitel R, Balagurusamy VSK, et al (2006) Surface crystallization in a liquid AuSi alloy. Science 313:77–80

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lade PV (2016) Triaxial Testing of Soils. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Laghi A (2009) Protocolli di studio in TC spirale multistrato: Vol. 2 • Vascolare. Springer, Milano
A chapter in an edited book
Cohen JA, Rae-Grant A (2010) Disease-modifying therapy. In: Rae-Grant A (ed) Handbook of Multiple Sclerosis. Springer Healthcare Ltd., Tarporley, pp 29–42

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal on Data Semantics.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Have We Detected A Hint Of A New Force Of Nature? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016) Polar Weather Satellites: NOAA Is Working to Ensure Continuity but Needs to Quickly Address Information Security Weaknesses and Future Program Uncertainties. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Potter RH (2017) Marx Generator Charged via Biperiodic Resonant Cascaded Transformers. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C (2016) Elaborate Measures Try to Tame Turbulence. New York Times TR5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal on Data Semantics
AbbreviationJ. Data Semant.
ISSN (print)1861-2032
ISSN (online)1861-2040
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Computer Networks and Communications
Information Systems

Other styles