How to format your references using the Journal on Data Semantics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal on Data Semantics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Zuber MT (2001) The crust and mantle of Mars. Nature 412:220–227
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bostwick KS, Prum RO (2005) Courting bird sings with stridulating wing feathers. Science 309:736
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Aspinwall LG, Brown TR, Tabery J (2012) The double-edged sword: does biomechanism increase or decrease judges’ sentencing of psychopaths? Science 337:846–849
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Cheung VG, Spielman RS, Ewens KG, et al (2005) Mapping determinants of human gene expression by regional and genome-wide association. Nature 437:1365–1369

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Mang T, Bobzin K, Bartels T (2010) Industrial Tribology. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
1.
Whalan F (2012) Collective Responsibility: Redefining What Falls Between the Cracks for School Reform. SensePublishers, Rotterdam
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Sakamura Y, Komaki H (2009) Numerical simulation of the propagation of stress disturbance in shock-loaded granular media using the discrete element method. In: Hannemann K, Seiler F (eds) Shock Waves: 26th International Symposium on Shock Waves, Volume 2. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 827–832

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal on Data Semantics.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Watch Elon Musk’s Moving “Solid Metal Snake” Charge A Tesla Car. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2009) Aviation Weather: FAA and the National Weather Service Are Considering Plans to Consolidate Weather Service Offices, But Face Significant Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Chirwa KU (2017) Encumbered Existence: A Three Movement Work for Jazz Orchestra. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J (2017) Twins Deal Sends Colon To Minors. New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal on Data Semantics
AbbreviationJ. Data Semant.
ISSN (print)1861-2032
ISSN (online)1861-2040
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Computer Networks and Communications
Information Systems

Other styles