How to format your references using the Journal on Data Semantics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal on Data Semantics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C Clarke SA (2000) Stranger than science fiction. Science 289:727
A journal article with 2 authors
Ma F, Wills BJ (2001) Discovery of hidden blazars. Science 292:2050–2053
A journal article with 3 authors
Gauld SB, Dal Porto JM, Cambier JC (2002) B cell antigen receptor signaling: roles in cell development and disease. Science 296:1641–1642
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lekshmy PR, Midhun M, Ramesh R, Jani RA (2014) 18O depletion in monsoon rain relates to large scale organized convection rather than the amount of rainfall. Sci Rep 4:5661

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Crowl DA (2003) Understanding Explosions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Lita da Silva J, Caeiro F, Natário I, Braumann CA (2013) Advances in Regression, Survival Analysis, Extreme Values, Markov Processes and Other Statistical Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Nakajima K (2015) Economic Geography and Interfirm Transaction Networks. In: Watanabe T, Uesugi I, Ono A (eds) The Economics of Interfirm Networks. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp 95–106

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal on Data Semantics.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) Ancient Deep Skull Still Holds Big Surprises 60 Years After It Was Unearthed. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Indoor Pollution: Status of Federal Research Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Desgens-Martin V (2014) High prevalence of carcinoma in California sea lions Zalophus californianus: Evidence of a xenobiotic-induced carcinogenic cascade? Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2007) For the Chief Justice, a Dissent and a Line in the Sand. New York Times WK12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal on Data Semantics
AbbreviationJ. Data Semant.
ISSN (print)1861-2032
ISSN (online)1861-2040
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Computer Networks and Communications
Information Systems

Other styles