How to format your references using the Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clarke T (2003) Infection risk puts the brakes on Canada’s biomedical research. Nature 422:652
A journal article with 2 authors
Dickson D, Abbott A (2000) Britain asks to join European Southern Observatory. Nature 405:382–383
A journal article with 3 authors
Ghosh P, Garzione CN, Eiler JM (2006) Rapid uplift of the Altiplano revealed through 13C-18O bonds in paleosol carbonates. Science 311:511–515
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zuber MT, Phillips RJ, Andrews-Hanna JC, et al (2007) Density of Mars’ south polar layered deposits. Science 317:1718–1719

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Held G (2005) Virtual Private Networking. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Zaslavsky O, Sullivan P (eds) (2011) Constructing Knowledge for Teaching Secondary Mathematics: Tasks to enhance prospective and practicing teacher learning. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Fultz B, Howe J (2013) Inelastic Electron Scattering and Spectroscopy. In: Howe J (ed) Transmission Electron Microscopy and Diffractometry of Materials. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 181–236

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2016) David Attenborough Says The Great Barrier Reef Is In ‘Grave Danger’ – It’s Time To Step Up. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) Basic Sources of International Petroleum Statistics. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warner T (2015) California Assembly Bill 2404 Fair Play in Community Sports Act compliance procedures manual. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosenberg E (2017) Acquitted, but Still Haunted by Jail and DNA Used Against Him. New York Times A23

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clarke 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Dickson and Abbott 2000; Clarke 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dickson and Abbott 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Zuber et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
AbbreviationJ. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol.
ISSN (print)0171-5216
ISSN (online)1432-1335
ScopeCancer Research
General Medicine

Other styles