How to format your references using the Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hofmann DC (2010) Materials science. Shape memory bulk metallic glass composites. Science 329:1294–1295
A journal article with 2 authors
Shimamoto T, Togo T (2012) Geophysics. Earthquakes in the lab. Science 338:54–55
A journal article with 3 authors
Lutz W, O’Neill BC, Scherbov S (2003) Demographics. Europe’s population at a turning point. Science 299:1991–1992
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bermejo M, Rodríguez-Teijeiro JD, Illera G, et al (2006) Ebola outbreak killed 5000 gorillas. Science 314:1564

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wells AR, Chiang K (2017) Monetizing Your Data. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Dan MB, Přikryl R, Török Á (eds) (2010) Materials, Technologies and Practice in Historic Heritage Structures. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Traverso G, Demirel D, Buchmann J (2016) State of the Art of Homomorphic Signature Schemes. In: Demirel D, Buchmann J (eds) Homomorphic Signature Schemes: A Survey. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 35–51

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology.

Blog post
Andrew D (2016) I’m An OB-GYN Treating Women With Zika: This Is What It’s Like. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Compensatory Education: Additional Funds Help More Private School Students Receive Chapter 1 Services. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shackelford V (2014) Mary’s mandala story: Images of chaos in mandala psychology. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S (2002) National Titles Go to Wealing And Lindquist. New York Times D6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hofmann 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Hofmann 2010; Shimamoto and Togo 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shimamoto and Togo 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Bermejo et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
AbbreviationJ. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol.
ISSN (print)0171-5216
ISSN (online)1432-1335
ScopeCancer Research
General Medicine

Other styles