How to format your references using the Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stajic J (2013) Quantum information processing. The future of quantum information processing. Introduction. Science 339:1163
A journal article with 2 authors
Südhof TC, Rothman JE (2009) Membrane fusion: grappling with SNARE and SM proteins. Science 323:474–477
A journal article with 3 authors
Hannon JB, Tersoff J, Tromp RM (2002) Surface stress and thermodynamic nanoscale size selection. Science 295:299–301
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Rand DG, Dreber A, Ellingsen T, et al (2009) Positive interactions promote public cooperation. Science 325:1272–1275

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wagner-Martin L (2012) A History of American Literature. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford
An edited book
Hickman H, Porfilio BJ (eds) (2012) The New Politics of the Textbook: Critical Analysis in the Core Content Areas. SensePublishers, Rotterdam
A chapter in an edited book
Greve A, Bremer M (2010) Calculation of Solar Illumination. In: Bremer M (ed) Thermal Design and Thermal Behaviour of Radio Telescopes and their Enclosures. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 85–106

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Human-Shaped Species Of Mushroom Discovered In UK. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Aviation Security: Commercially Available Advanced Explosives Detection Devices. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Swartz H (2017) The Multitude Speaks in Style: An Analysis of Vernacular Agency through Images of Ruth Bader Ginsburg. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik J (2017) A Buzzkill of a Pot Comedy. New York Times C9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stajic 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Südhof and Rothman 2009; Stajic 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Südhof and Rothman 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Rand et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
AbbreviationJ. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol.
ISSN (print)0171-5216
ISSN (online)1432-1335
ScopeCancer Research
General Medicine

Other styles