How to format your references using the Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check E (2003) Report backs Smithsonian research. Nature 421:198
A journal article with 2 authors
Bennett CH, DiVincenzo DP (2000) Quantum information and computation. Nature 404:247–255
A journal article with 3 authors
Truog RD, Kesselheim AS, Joffe S (2012) Research ethics. Paying patients for their tissue: the legacy of Henrietta Lacks. Science 337:37–38
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Cantlon JF, Cordes S, Libertus ME, Brannon EM (2009) Comment on “Log or linear? Distinct intuitions of the number scale in Western and Amazonian indigene cultures.” Science 323:38; author reply 38

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Das JC (2015) Power System Harmonics and Passive Filter Designs. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Bronner F, Farach-Carson MC (eds) (2007) Bone and Osteoarthritis. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Torvik VI, Triantaphyllou E (2006) Discovering Rules That Govern Monotone Phenomena. In: Triantaphyllou E, Felici G (eds) Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery Approaches Based on Rule Induction Techniques. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 149–192

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Sponge-Filled Wound-Blocking Syringe Saves Its Very First Life. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Federal Aviation Administration: Issues Concerning the Reauthorization of Aviation Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goldberg DS (2010) Poly (amido amine) dendrimers: Transepithelial transport mechanisms and applications in oral drug delivery. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman J (2017) Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times MM20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Check 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Bennett and DiVincenzo 2000; Check 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bennett and DiVincenzo 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Cantlon et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
AbbreviationJ. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol.
ISSN (print)0171-5216
ISSN (online)1432-1335
ScopeCancer Research
General Medicine

Other styles