How to format your references using the Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Geden O (2015) Policy: Climate advisers must maintain integrity. Nature 521:27–28
A journal article with 2 authors
Macdonald TT, Monteleone G (2005) Immunity, inflammation, and allergy in the gut. Science 307:1920–1925
A journal article with 3 authors
Ackerman JM, Nocera CC, Bargh JA (2010) Incidental haptic sensations influence social judgments and decisions. Science 328:1712–1715
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Jördens R, Strohmaier N, Günter K, et al (2008) A Mott insulator of fermionic atoms in an optical lattice. Nature 455:204–207

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwedt G (2013) Experimente rund um die Kunststoffe des Alltags. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Shi P (ed) (2016) Natural Disasters in China. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Galison P (2015) The Journalist, the Scientist, and Objectivity. In: Padovani F, Richardson A, Tsou JY (eds) Objectivity in Science: New Perspectives from Science and Technology Studies. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 57–75

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology.

Blog post
Andrew D (2015) Watch Food Being Digested In This Fascinating And Gross Video. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1975) Need for Improvements in the Automated Payroll System of the Department of Housing and Urban Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baghdadi M (2012) A comparison of gender representation in English (EFL) and Arabic (AFL) textbooks in Iran: A critical discourse analysis. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper M (2017) Upheaval At Bach Festival. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Geden 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Macdonald and Monteleone 2005; Geden 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Macdonald and Monteleone 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Jördens et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
AbbreviationJ. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol.
ISSN (print)0171-5216
ISSN (online)1432-1335
ScopeCancer Research
General Medicine

Other styles