How to format your references using the Journal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Rodbell DT. Climate change. Marching in near lock-step. Science. 2012 Feb 3;335(6068):548–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Levitan IB, Cibulsky SM. Biochemistry. TRP ion channels--two proteins in one. Science. 2001 Aug 17;293(5533):1270–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Mojzsis SJ, Harrison TM, Pidgeon RT. Oxygen-isotope evidence from ancient zircons for liquid water at the Earth’s surface 4,300 Myr ago. Nature. 2001 Jan 11;409(6817):178–81.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Chen CL, Qi J, Tao J, Zuckermann RN, DeYoreo JJ. Tuning calcite morphology and growth acceleration by a rational design of highly stable protein-mimetics. Sci Rep. 2014 Sep 5;4:6266.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Mazze RS, Strock ES, Simonson GD, Bergenstal RM. Staged Diabetes Management. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1.
Henggeler Antunes C. Multiobjective Linear and Integer Programming. Alves MJ, Clímaco J, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. VIII, 209 p. 137 illus., 76 illus. in color. (EURO Advanced Tutorials on Operational Research).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Sendín M, Lorés J. Remote Support to Plastic User Interfaces: a Semantic View. In: Navarro-Prieto R, Vidal JL, editors. HCI related papers of Interacción 2004. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. p. 55–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. Turkish Lake Has Turned Blood Red. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Effectiveness and Morale of the Colorado Wing of the Civil Air Patrol. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976 Jan. Report No.: LCD-76-416.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Lee D. Subjective strain, anger, and delinquency: Evidence from South Korea [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kenigsberg B. Film Series. New York Times. 2017 Feb 23;C26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs.
ISSN (print)1071-5754
ISSN (online)1528-3976
ScopeAdvanced and Specialised Nursing
Medical–Surgical

Other styles