How to format your references using the Journal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kolber A. Neuroethics: Give memory-altering drugs a chance. Nature. 2011 Aug 17;476(7360):275–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tarasov L, Peltier WR. Arctic freshwater forcing of the Younger Dryas cold reversal. Nature. 2005 Jun 2;435(7042):662–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Komatsu T, Sekiya T, Nagata K. DNA replication-dependent binding of CTCF plays a critical role in adenovirus genome functions. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2187.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Li Y-G, Ji D-F, Zhong S, Lin T-B, Lv Z-Q, Hu G-Y, et al. 1-deoxynojirimycin inhibits glucose absorption and accelerates glucose metabolism in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1377.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lu M. Arithmetic and Logic in Computer Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Gussak I, Antzelevitch C, Wilde AAM, Friedman PA, Ackerman MJ, Shen W-K, editors. Electrical Diseases of the Heart: Genetics, Mechanisms, Treatment, Prevention. London: Springer; 2008. XX, 600 p. 328 illus., 85 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Todić D. Social and Environmental Issues Related to Security in SEE Countries. In: Montini M, Bogdanovic S, editors. Environmental Security in South-Eastern Europe: International Agreements and Their Implementation. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. p. 43–58. (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing.

Blog post
Andrews R. Military Officials Say Climate Change Presents “Significant And Direct Risks To US Homeland” [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. International Aviation: Implications of Ratifying Montreal Aviation Protocol No. 3. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Dec. Report No.: RCED-91-45.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reynolds PE. Learning the Ropes: A Grounded Theory Study of Children Crossing Cultures [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Porter J. Steve Dillon, 54, Comic Artist; Helped Create ‘Preacher.’ New York Times. 2016 Oct 24;A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs.
ISSN (print)1071-5754
ISSN (online)1528-3976
ScopeAdvanced and Specialised Nursing

Other styles