How to format your references using the Journal of World Prehistory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of World Prehistory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cleary, A. S. (2015). Teamwork: The tumor cell edition. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6265), 1174–1175.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bouchon, M., & Vallée, M. (2003). Observation of long supershear rupture during the magnitude 8.1 Kunlunshan earthquake. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5634), 824–826.
A journal article with 3 authors
Acevedo, A., Brodsky, L., & Andino, R. (2014). Mutational and fitness landscapes of an RNA virus revealed through population sequencing. Nature, 505(7485), 686–690.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gourine, A. V., Llaudet, E., Dale, N., & Spyer, K. M. (2005). ATP is a mediator of chemosensory transduction in the central nervous system. Nature, 436(7047), 108–111.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bécherrawy, T. (2012). Mechanical and Electromagnetic Vibrations and Waves. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nikkhah, G., & Pinsker, M. (Eds.). (2013). Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery (Vol. 117). Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chaves, I. D. G., López, J. R. G., Zapata, J. L. G., Robayo, A. L., & Niño, G. R. (2016). Chemical Reactors. In J. R. G. López, J. L. García Zapata, A. Leguizamón Robayo, & G. Rodríguez Niño (Eds.), Process Analysis and Simulation in Chemical Engineering (pp. 195–240). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of World Prehistory.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, May 3). Great Barrier Reef Bleaching Is Just One Symptom Of Ecosystem Collapse Across Australia. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1972). Review of Accounts, CAB Through June 30, 1971 (No. 092436). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Allyasin, F. (2010). Low-cost frequency-domain methods of ruby fluorescence lifetime measurements (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GEORGE GENE GUSTINES; Compiled by DAVE ITZKOFF. (2010, February 24). Superman’s Debut Comic Sells For $1 Million. New York Times, p. C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cleary 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bouchon and Vallée 2003; Cleary 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bouchon and Vallée 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Gourine et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of World Prehistory
AbbreviationJ. World Prehist.
ISSN (print)0892-7537
ISSN (online)1573-7802
ScopeGeneral Arts and Humanities

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