How to format your references using the Journal of World Prehistory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of World Prehistory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wisdom, J. (2003). Swimming in spacetime: motion by cyclic changes in body shape. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5614), 1865–1869.
A journal article with 2 authors
Harper, K. C., & Sigman, M. S. (2011). Three-dimensional correlation of steric and electronic free energy relationships guides asymmetric propargylation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6051), 1875–1878.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stroud, R. M., Nittler, L. R., & Alexander, C. M. O. (2004). Polymorphism in presolar Al2O3 grains from asymptotic giant branch stars. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5689), 1455–1457.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, P., Liu, H., Lai, C., Sun, P., Zeng, W., Wu, F., et al. (2014). Differential modulations of KCNQ1 by auxiliary proteins KCNE1 and KCNE2. Scientific reports, 4, 4973.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McCurley, L. (2016). Professional Rope Access. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hood, C. (2008). Requirements Management: The Interface Between Requirements Development and All Other Systems Engineering Processes. (S. Wiedemann, S. Fichtinger, & U. Pautz, Eds.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Imura, K., & Okamoto, H. (2011). Near-Field Optical Imaging of Wavefunctions and Optical Fields in Plasmonic Nanostructures. In M. Ohtsu (Ed.), Progress in Nanophotonics 1 (pp. 127–160). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of World Prehistory.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, May 13). Breaking Waves Disturb Earth’s Magnetic Field. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). DOD Acquisition: Case Study of the Air Force Space Based Space Surveillance System (No. NSIAD-86-45S-17). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jones, J. D. (2013). Parental attachment style: Links with parent and adolescent perceptions of parenting and observed secure base behaviors (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Reinhart, M. K. (2015, June 14). High-Profile Union Ends Abruptly. New York Times, p. ST14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wisdom 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Harper and Sigman 2011; Wisdom 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Harper and Sigman 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of World Prehistory
AbbreviationJ. World Prehist.
ISSN (print)0892-7537
ISSN (online)1573-7802
ScopeGeneral Arts and Humanities

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