How to format your references using the Journal of World Prehistory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of World Prehistory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ozbay, E. (2006). Plasmonics: merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5758), 189–193.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reichmanis, E., & Nalamasu, O. (2002). Applied physics. Testing the limits for resists. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5580), 349–350.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hill, E. W., Jobling, M. A., & Bradley, D. G. (2000). Y-chromosome variation and Irish origins. Nature, 404(6776), 351–352.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lang, P., Stolpa, J. C., Freiberg, B. A., Crawford, F., Kappler, J., Kupfer, A., & Cambier, J. C. (2001). TCR-induced transmembrane signaling by peptide/MHC class II via associated Ig-alpha/beta dimers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5508), 1537–1540.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kushner, R., Lawrence, V., & Kumar, S. (2013). Practical Manual of Clinical Obesity. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons.
An edited book
Frachtenberg, E., & Schwiegelshohn, U. (Eds.). (2009). Job Scheduling Strategies for Parallel Processing: 14th International Workshop, JSSPP 2009, Rome, Italy, May 29, 2009. Revised Papers (Vol. 5798). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hens, N., Shkedy, Z., Aerts, M., Faes, C., Van Damme, P., & Beutels, P. (2012). Estimating the Force of Infection from Incidence and Prevalence. In Z. Shkedy, M. Aerts, C. Faes, P. Van Damme, & P. Beutels (Eds.), Modeling Infectious Disease Parameters Based on Serological and Social Contact Data: A Modern Statistical Perspective (pp. 79–88). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of World Prehistory.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 7). Gaming Improves Your Brain Power – Reality Or Hype? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Resources, Community, and Economic Development Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments (No. AA-96-30(1)). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gomez, D. A. (2010). System of systems engineering: Prescribing the technical development effort to engineer a constituent system (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon, M. R., & Simons, M. (2017, July 19). War Crimes Office May Be Shuttered As Tillerson Reorganizes State Dept. New York Times, p. A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ozbay 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Ozbay 2006; Reichmanis and Nalamasu 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reichmanis and Nalamasu 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Lang et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of World Prehistory
AbbreviationJ. World Prehist.
ISSN (print)0892-7537
ISSN (online)1573-7802
ScopeGeneral Arts and Humanities

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