How to format your references using the Journal of World Prehistory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of World Prehistory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Townes, C. H. (2004). Making waves. Nature, 432(7014), 153.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sive, H., & Sarma, S. (2013). Education: online on-ramps. Nature, 499(7458), 277–278.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maret, S., Bergin, E. A., & Lada, C. J. (2006). A low fraction of nitrogen in molecular form in a dark cloud. Nature, 442(7101), 425–427.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mettetal, J. T., Muzzey, D., Gómez-Uribe, C., & van Oudenaarden, A. (2008). The frequency dependence of osmo-adaptation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5862), 482–484.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Costa, F., Gautier, C., Labouré, E., & Revol, B. (2013). Electromagnetic Compatibility in Power Electronics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Schirner, G., Götz, M., Rettberg, A., Zanella, M. C., & Rammig, F. J. (Eds.). (2013). Embedded Systems: Design, Analysis and Verification: 4th IFIP TC 10 International Embedded Systems Symposium, IESS 2013, Paderborn, Germany, June 17-19, 2013. Proceedings (Vol. 403). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Khangamwa, G. (2011). Detecting Network Intrusions Using Hierarchical Temporal Memory. In R. Popescu-Zeletin, I. A. Rai, K. Jonas, & A. Villafiorita (Eds.), E-Infrastuctures and E-Services for Developing Countries: Second International ICST Conference, AFRICOM 2010, Cape Town, South Africa, November 25-26, 2010, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 41–48). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of World Prehistory.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 12). Mercury-Filled Balloon Popped For Science. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration: Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards and Occupant Crash Protection (No. OGC-00-32). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mullen, C. R. (2017). Factors Influencing Canadian Power Engineers’ Decision to Pursue Advanced Certification (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Risen, J. (2016, October 12). An Ex-Detainee, but Still a Captive of ‘The Darkness.’ New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Townes 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Sive and Sarma 2013; Townes 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sive and Sarma 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Mettetal et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of World Prehistory
AbbreviationJ. World Prehist.
ISSN (print)0892-7537
ISSN (online)1573-7802
ScopeGeneral Arts and Humanities

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