How to format your references using the Journal of World Prehistory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of World Prehistory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Parham, P. (2004). Immunology. NK cells lose their inhibition. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5685), 786–787.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ye, B., & Cramer, N. (2012). Chiral cyclopentadienyl ligands as stereocontrolling element in asymmetric C-H functionalization. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6106), 504–506.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fontana, L., Partridge, L., & Longo, V. D. (2010). Extending healthy life span--from yeast to humans. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5976), 321–326.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Güdel, M., Briggs, K. R., Montmerle, T., Audard, M., Rebull, L., & Skinner, S. L. (2008). Million-degree plasma pervading the extended Orion Nebula. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5861), 309–312.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonneau, D., Fatu, A., & Souchet, D. (2014). Internal Combustion Engine Bearings Lubrication in Hydrodynamic Bearings. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Brameier, M. F. (2007). Linear Genetic Programming. (W. Banzhaf, Ed.). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Miyazaki, T., Ishikura, K., Honda, A., Ra, S.-G., Komine, S., Miyamoto, Y., et al. (2015). Increased N-Acetyltaurine in Serum and Urine After Endurance Exercise in Human. In J. Marcinkiewicz & S. W. Schaffer (Eds.), Taurine 9 (pp. 53–62). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of World Prehistory.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, July 14). New Horizons Makes Its Closest Approach To Pluto. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Federal Research: NASA Should Better Inform Researchers about How to Appeal Dissemination Decisions (No. GAO-10-200). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Layer, B. D. (2012). Structured plasma waveguides and deep EUV generation enabled by intense laser-cluster interactions (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (2002, October 8). Taking Life to the Edge, And Spins and Jumps, Too. New York Times, p. D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Parham 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Parham 2004; Ye and Cramer 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ye and Cramer 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Güdel et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of World Prehistory
AbbreviationJ. World Prehist.
ISSN (print)0892-7537
ISSN (online)1573-7802
ScopeGeneral Arts and Humanities

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