How to format your references using the The Journal of Parasitology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Parasitology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willyard, C. 2014. Risk factors: riddle of the rays. Nature 515: S112-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hengel, H., and Koszinowski, U. H. 2010. Virology. A vaccine monkey wrench? Science (New York, N.Y.) 328: 51–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
Scales, S. J. et al. 2001. Cell biology. Fusion without SNAREs? Science (New York, N.Y.) 294: 1015–1016.
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Yin, Y. et al. 2014. Efficient non-doped phosphorescent orange, blue and white organic light-emitting devices. Scientific reports 4: 6754.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown, D. J. 2005. Cinnolines and Phthalazines: Supplement II. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Denkena, B. et al. (Eds.). 2015. Microstructuring of Thermo-Mechanically Highly Stressed Surfaces: Final Report of the DFG Research Group 576. Springer International Publishing, Cham, XIV, 175 p. 170 illus., 113 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Serra, H. A. de A., and Paulino, N. 2015. Band-Pass Filter Topologies. In Design of Switched-Capacitor Filter Circuits using Low Gain Amplifiers. N. Paulino (ed.). Springer International Publishing, Cham. p 23–28.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Parasitology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. 2016. Moon’s Crater Tell Us How Dangerous The Early Solar System Was. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. Bilingual Education: Research and Evaluation Contracts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vento-Wilson, M. 2012. The role of the speech-language pathologist and augmentative and alternative communication with acute care patients with severe communication impairments. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller, B. 2015. Bible Study Group Devolved Into a Lethal Sect. New York Times: A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Willyard, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Hengel and Koszinowski, 2010; Willyard, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hengel and Koszinowski, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Scales, Finley, and Scheller, 2001)
  • 11 or more authors: (Yin, Yu, Cao, Zhang, Sun, and Xie, 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Parasitology
AbbreviationJ. Parasitol.
ISSN (print)0022-3395
ISSN (online)1937-2345
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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