How to format your references using the The Journal of Parasitology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Parasitology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vastag, B. 2008. Assembly work. Nature 453: 422–423.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, D., and Su, G. 2014. New strategy to promote conversion efficiency using high-index nanostructures in thin-film solar cells. Scientific reports 4: 7165.
A journal article with 3 authors
He, C. et al. 2013. Large-scale and rapid synthesis of disk-shaped and nano-sized graphene. Scientific reports 3: 2144.
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Kaniewski, D. et al. 2013. Early urban impact on Mediterranean coastal environments. Scientific reports 3: 3540.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gup, B. E. 2011. Banking and Financial Institutions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Gavrilova, M. L. et al. (Eds.). 2013. Transactions on Computational Science XVIII: Special Issue on Cyberworlds. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, XVI, 265 p. 130 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
McComas, W. F. 2014. Advance Organizers. In The Language of Science Education: An Expanded Glossary of Key Terms and Concepts in Science Teaching and Learning. W. F. McComas (ed.). SensePublishers, Rotterdam. p 4–4.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Parasitology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 2014. Humans Took Away Dogs’ Mathematical Abilities. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Managing Technology Change: Challenges and Opportunities for the United States Senate. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coar, H. 2010. Using mandalas to support grieving female adolescents: A case study. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. 2016. In the Better of Two Hereafters, but Still Crabby About It. New York Times: C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vastag, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Vastag, 2008; Wang and Su, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Su, 2014)
  • Three authors: (He, Jiang, and Shen, 2013)
  • 11 or more authors: (Kaniewski, Van Campo, Morhange, Guiot, Zviely, Shaked, Otto, and Artzy, 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Parasitology
AbbreviationJ. Parasitol.
ISSN (print)0022-3395
ISSN (online)1937-2345
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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