How to format your references using the The Journal of Parasitology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Parasitology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Köhling, R. 2002. Neuroscience. GABA becomes exciting. Science (New York, N.Y.) 298: 1350–1351.
A journal article with 2 authors
Müller, F.-J., and Schuppert, A. 2011. Few inputs can reprogram biological networks. Nature 478: E4; discussion E4-5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Benton, M. J. et al. 2004. Ecosystem remodelling among vertebrates at the Permian-Triassic boundary in Russia. Nature 432: 97–100.
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Coburn, P. S. et al. 2004. Enterococcus faecalis senses target cells and in response expresses cytolysin. Science (New York, N.Y.) 306: 2270–2272.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ben Chouikha, M. 2016. Organizational Design for Knowledge Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ciardo, G., and Darondeau, P. (Eds.). 2005. Applications and Theory of Petri Nets 2005: 26th International Conference, ICATPN 2005, Miami, USA, June 20-25, 2005. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, XI, 475 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, X. et al. 2014. Surface Modification Chemistry of Lanthanide-Doped Nanoparticles. In Lanthanide-Doped Luminescent Nanomaterials: From Fundamentals to Bioapplications. Y. Liu and D. Tu (eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. p 59–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Parasitology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 2017. Gluten-Destroying Drug Succeeds In Early Trial. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. Developing and Using Questionnaires. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robinson, D. E. 2010. How personality traits and job satisfaction influence service quality in housing agencies. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J. 2016. Gloria Steinem Never Stops. New York Times: MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Köhling, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Köhling, 2002; Müller and Schuppert, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Müller and Schuppert, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Benton, Tverdokhlebov, and Surkov, 2004)
  • 11 or more authors: (Coburn, Pillar, Jett, Haas, and Gilmore, 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Parasitology
AbbreviationJ. Parasitol.
ISSN (print)0022-3395
ISSN (online)1937-2345
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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