How to format your references using the The Journal of Parasitology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Parasitology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, M. 2010. RNA interference: Homing in on delivery. Nature 464: 1225–1228.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scholes, R. J., and Noble, I. R. 2001. Climate change. Storing carbon on land. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294: 1012–1013.
A journal article with 3 authors
Indjeian, V. B. et al. 2005. The centromeric protein Sgo1 is required to sense lack of tension on mitotic chromosomes. Science (New York, N.Y.) 307: 130–133.
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Cabal, B. et al. 2014. A new biocompatible and antibacterial phosphate free glass-ceramic for medical applications. Scientific reports 4: 5440.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Leddra, M. 2010. Time Matters. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Carsrud, A. L., and Brännback, M. (Eds.). 2009. Understanding the Entrepreneurial Mind: Opening the Black Box. Springer, New York, NY, XXIV, 375 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Mendels, P., and Frens, J. 2008. The Audio Adventurer: Design of a Portable Audio Adventure Game. In Fun and Games: Second International Conference, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, October 20-21, 2008. Proceedings. P. Markopoulos et al. (eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. p 46–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Parasitology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Therapy Dogs Are Helping Kids With Cancer. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Highway Safety: Selected Cases of Commercial Drivers with Potentially Disqualifying Impairments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pulido, B. B. 2015. Homes as grounding counterspaces: Mexicana undocumented students utilizing mother-daughter pedagogies of resistance to succeed in higher education. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. 2011. On Final Day, Tears and Jeers. New York Times: B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Scholes and Noble, 2001; Baker, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scholes and Noble, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Indjeian, Stern, and Murray, 2005)
  • 11 or more authors: (Cabal, Alou, Cafini, Couceiro, Sevillano, Esteban-Tejeda, Guitián, Torrecillas, and Moya, 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Parasitology
AbbreviationJ. Parasitol.
ISSN (print)0022-3395
ISSN (online)1937-2345
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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