How to format your references using the Comptes rendus - Palevol citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Comptes rendus - Palevol. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaiser, R., 2006. Flowers and fungi use scents to mimic each other. Science 311, 806–807.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kramer, E.M., Donohue, K., 2006. Evolution. Traversing the adaptive landscape in snapdragons. Science 313, 924–925.
A journal article with 3 authors
Navarrete, A., van Schaik, C.P., Isler, K., 2011. Energetics and the evolution of human brain size. Nature 480, 91–93.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Min, J., Vonesch, C., Kirshner, H., Carlini, L., Olivier, N., Holden, S., Manley, S., Ye, J.C., Unser, M., 2014. FALCON: fast and unbiased reconstruction of high-density super-resolution microscopy data. Sci. Rep. 4, 4577.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Woods, D.R., 2005. Successful Trouble Shooting for Process Engineers. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Akhmet, M., 2014. Neural Networks with Discontinuous/Impact Activations, Nonlinear Systems and Complexity. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Daszkowska-Golec, A., 2016. The Role of Abscisic Acid in Drought Stress: How ABA Helps Plants to Cope with Drought Stress, in: Hossain, M.A., Wani, S.H., Bhattacharjee, S., Burritt, D.J., Tran, L.-S.P. (Eds.), Drought Stress Tolerance in Plants, Vol 2: Molecular and Genetic Perspectives. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 123–151.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Comptes rendus - Palevol.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. If Two Countries Waged Cyber War On Each Another, Here’s What To Expect [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. FCC’s Decision To Consolidate Licensing Division in Gettysburg, Pa. Was Made Without Adequate Analysis (No. CED-80-27). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hart, M.M., 2013. R&D Characteristics and Organizational Structure: Case Studies of University-Industry Research Centers (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky, M., 2017. Does a Building’s Age Affect the Rent? New York Times RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kaiser, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Kaiser, 2006; Kramer and Donohue, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kramer and Donohue, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Min et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleComptes rendus - Palevol
AbbreviationC. R. Palevol
ISSN (print)1631-0683

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