How to format your references using the Comptes rendus - Palevol citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Comptes rendus - Palevol. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lorimer, D.R., 2005. Astronomy. A pulsar bonanza. Science 307, 855–856.
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Neill, L.A.J., Hardie, D.G., 2013. Metabolism of inflammation limited by AMPK and pseudo-starvation. Nature 493, 346–355.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lam, E., Kato, N., Lawton, M., 2001. Programmed cell death, mitochondria and the plant hypersensitive response. Nature 411, 848–853.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Muravyova, E., Golovnin, A., Gracheva, E., Parshikov, A., Belenkaya, T., Pirrotta, V., Georgiev, P., 2001. Loss of insulator activity by paired Su(Hw) chromatin insulators. Science 291, 495–498.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McAulay, A.D., 2011. Military Laser Technology for Defense. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Nakanishi, Y. (Ed.), 2016. Contemporary Issues in Environmental Law: The EU and Japan, 1st ed. 2016. ed, Environmental Protection in the European Union. Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
de Oliveira, H.B., Paiva, A., 2016. On a One-Equation Turbulent Model with Feedbacks, in: Pinelas, S., Došlá, Z., Došlý, O., Kloeden, P.E. (Eds.), Differential and Difference Equations with Applications: ICDDEA, Amadora, Portugal, May 2015, Selected Contributions, Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 51–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Comptes rendus - Palevol.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Could Yeast Be The New Hero Of Biomedical Research? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Telecommunications: USDA Should Evaluate the Performance of the Rural Broadband Loan Program (No. GAO-14-471). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
LeBlanc, D.C., 2008. The relationship between Information Technology project manager personality type and project success (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2006. Abortion Opponents Win Dispute. New York Times A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lorimer, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Lorimer, 2005; O’Neill and Hardie, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (O’Neill and Hardie, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Muravyova et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleComptes rendus - Palevol
AbbreviationC. R. Palevol
ISSN (print)1631-0683

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