How to format your references using the Comptes rendus - Palevol citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Comptes rendus - Palevol. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barratt, A., 2015. Perspective: The risks of overdiagnosis. Nature 527, S104.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xie, W., Ren, B., 2013. Developmental biology. Enhancing pluripotency and lineage specification. Science 341, 245–247.
A journal article with 3 authors
Matsumoto, M., Saito, S., Ohmine, I., 2002. Molecular dynamics simulation of the ice nucleation and growth process leading to water freezing. Nature 416, 409–413.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rogers, M.E., Ilg, T., Nikolaev, A.V., Ferguson, M.A.J., Bates, P.A., 2004. Transmission of cutaneous leishmaniasis by sand flies is enhanced by regurgitation of fPPG. Nature 430, 463–467.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carter, M., Bentley, S.P., 2016. Soil Properties and their Correlations. John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Membrey, P., 2009. The Definitive Guide to CentOS. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Faheem, M., Senellart, P., 2015. Adaptive Web Crawling Through Structure-Based Link Classification, in: Allen, R.B., Hunter, J., Zeng, M.L. (Eds.), Digital Libraries: Providing Quality Information: 17th International Conference on Asia-Pacific Digital Libraries, ICADL 2015, Seoul, Korea, December 9-12, 2015. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 39–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Comptes rendus - Palevol.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Two Different Species Of Dolphins Have Formed An Alliance In The Bahamas [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Student Financial Aid: Schools’ Experiences Using the National Student Loan Data System (No. HEHS-98-192). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schmisseur, B.E., 2002. An Evaluation of Noise Reduction Effectiveness in Four Digital Hearing Aids (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M., 2017. The Met Stars in Its West Side Story. New York Times AR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barratt, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Barratt, 2015; Xie and Ren, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Xie and Ren, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Rogers et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleComptes rendus - Palevol
AbbreviationC. R. Palevol
ISSN (print)1631-0683

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