How to format your references using the Comptes rendus - Palevol citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Comptes rendus - Palevol. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kreeger, K., 2003. Access delayed. Nature 422, 96–97.
A journal article with 2 authors
Racki, G., Koeberl, C., 2004. Comment on “Impact ejecta layer from the mid-Devonian: possible connection to global mass extinctions.” Science 303, 471; author reply 471.
A journal article with 3 authors
Verhulst, E.C., Beukeboom, L.W., van de Zande, L., 2010. Maternal control of haplodiploid sex determination in the wasp Nasonia. Science 328, 620–623.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Giannakou, M.E., Goss, M., Jünger, M.A., Hafen, E., Leevers, S.J., Partridge, L., 2004. Long-lived Drosophila with overexpressed dFOXO in adult fat body. Science 305, 361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
German Geotechnical Society, 2013. Recommendations on Excavations EAB. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Pape, H.-C., Sanders, R., Borrelli, J., Jr. (Eds.), 2016. The Poly-Traumatized Patient with Fractures: A Multi-Disciplinary Approach, 2nd ed. 2016. ed. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Erchul, W.P., Martens, B.K., 2010. The School as a Setting for Consultation, in: Martens, B.K. (Ed.), School Consultation: Conceptual and Empirical Bases of Practice, Issues in Clinical Child Psychology. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 63–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Comptes rendus - Palevol.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Anti-Science Senator Will Oversee Committee Covering NASA and Science Funding [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2002. Telecommunications: GSA Action Needs to Realize Benefits of Metropolitan Area Acquisition Program (No. GAO-02-325). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson, T.F., 2017. The Aircraft Electric Taxi System: A Qualitative Multi Case Study (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, G., 2016. After 1.7 Million Years, a Bone Cancer Diagnosis. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kreeger, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Kreeger, 2003; Racki and Koeberl, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Racki and Koeberl, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Giannakou et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleComptes rendus - Palevol
AbbreviationC. R. Palevol
ISSN (print)1631-0683

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