How to format your references using the Comptes rendus - Palevol citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Comptes rendus - Palevol. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Conrad, J., 2015. Reproducibility: Don’t cry wolf. Nature 523, 27–28.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fagiolini, M., Hensch, T.K., 2000. Inhibitory threshold for critical-period activation in primary visual cortex. Nature 404, 183–186.
A journal article with 3 authors
Roseboom, W., Kawabe, T., Nishida, S., 2013. The cross-modal double flash illusion depends on featural similarity between cross-modal inducers. Sci. Rep. 3, 3437.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Spencer, S.L., Gaudet, S., Albeck, J.G., Burke, J.M., Sorger, P.K., 2009. Non-genetic origins of cell-to-cell variability in TRAIL-induced apoptosis. Nature 459, 428–432.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Phillips, J.J., Trotter, W.D., Phillips, P.P., 2015. Maximizing the Value of Consulting. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Fairchild, P.J. (Ed.), 2013. The Immunological Barriers to Regenerative Medicine, Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Vázquez Álvarez, A.J., Erwin, R.S., 2015. Noncooperative Satellite Range Scheduling, in: Erwin, R.S. (Ed.), An Introduction to Optimal Satellite Range Scheduling, Springer Optimization and Its Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 77–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Comptes rendus - Palevol.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Rosetta Prepares to Rendezvous With Comet [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. No Child Left Behind Act: Education Actions Could Improve the Targeting of School Improvement Funds to Schools Most in Need of Assistance (No. GAO-08-380). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bui, L., 2017. Mind Over Matter Telepsychiatry (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ivory, D., Protess, B., Palmer, G., 2016. In American Towns, Pumping Private Profit From Public Works. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Conrad, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Conrad, 2015; Fagiolini and Hensch, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fagiolini and Hensch, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Spencer et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleComptes rendus - Palevol
AbbreviationC. R. Palevol
ISSN (print)1631-0683

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