How to format your references using the Journal of World Business citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of World Business. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Michel-Kerjan, E. (2015). Effective risk response needs a prepared mindset. Nature, 517(7535), 413.
A journal article with 2 authors
Prokopenko, M., & Lizier, J. T. (2014). Transfer entropy and transient limits of computation. Scientific Reports, 4, 5394.
A journal article with 3 authors
Newhall, C. G., Power, J. A., & Punongbayan, R. S. (2002). Pinatubo eruption. “To make grow.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5558), 1241–1242.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Millgate, A. G., Pogson, B. J., Wilson, I. W., Kutchan, T. M., Zenk, M. H., Gerlach, W. L., Fist, A. J., & Larkin, P. J. (2004). Analgesia: morphine-pathway block in top1 poppies. Nature, 431(7007), 413–414.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Püschl, W. (2012). Physik des Segelns. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Dubey, A. K., & Biswas, A. (Eds.). (2016). India and Africa’s Partnership: A Vision for a New Future (1st ed. 2016). Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Dolk, D. (2010). Structured Modeling and Model Management. In M. S. Sodhi & C. S. Tang (Eds.), A Long View of Research and Practice in Operations Research and Management Science: The Past and the Future (pp. 63–88). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of World Business.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, May 12). Hyperloop Company Reveals Magnetic Levitation Tech That Will Reach Speeds Of 760mph. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Analysis of Travel Activities of Certain Regulatory Agency Commissioners During 1971-75 (CED-76-155). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lavin, E. E. (2015). Discourse in monolingual and bilingual non-trial hearings [Doctoral dissertation]. Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M. (2017, July 27). Patinkin Bows Out Of ‘Comet.’ New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Michel-Kerjan, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Michel-Kerjan, 2015; Prokopenko & Lizier, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Prokopenko & Lizier, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Newhall et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Millgate et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of World Business
AbbreviationJ. World Bus.
ISSN (print)1090-9516
ScopeBusiness and International Management

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