How to format your references using the Journal of World Business citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of World Business. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jauch, R. (2005). Scientists and societies. Horizons in molecular biology. Nature, 433(7028), 904.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ellis, B. E., & Miles, G. P. (2001). Plant biology. One for all? Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5524), 2022–2023.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lai, C. S. W., Franke, T. F., & Gan, W.-B. (2012). Opposite effects of fear conditioning and extinction on dendritic spine remodelling. Nature, 483(7387), 87–91.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bouwens, R. J., Illingworth, G. D., Labbe, I., Oesch, P. A., Trenti, M., Carollo, C. M., van Dokkum, P. G., Franx, M., Stiavelli, M., González, V., Magee, D., & Bradley, L. (2011). A candidate redshift z ≈ 10 galaxy and rapid changes in that population at an age of 500 Myr. Nature, 469(7331), 504–507.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Solomon, R. (2016). The Art of Client Service. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wartofsky, L., & Van Nostrand, D. (Eds.). (2016). Thyroid Cancer: A Comprehensive Guide to Clinical Management (3rd ed. 2016). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kachris, C., Sirakoulis, G., & Soudris, D. (2013). Performance Evaluation of Embedded Processor in MapReduce Cloud Computing Applications. In M. Yousif & L. Schubert (Eds.), Cloud Computing: Third International Conference, CloudComp 2012, Vienna, Austria, September 24-26, 2012, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 43–51). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of World Business.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, July 6). Japan’s Failed Hitomi Spacecraft Managed To Observe A Supermassive Black Hole Before It Died. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Export Control: Army Guidance on Cooperative Research and Development Agreement Compliance with Export Control Laws and Regulations (GAO-02-529R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crump, S. (2015). The efficacy of an academic behavior assessment tool for the functional behavior assessment process [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2016, September 15). Just What the Candidate Ordered. New York Times, A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jauch, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Ellis & Miles, 2001; Jauch, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ellis & Miles, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Lai et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bouwens et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of World Business
AbbreviationJ. World Bus.
ISSN (print)1090-9516
ScopeBusiness and International Management

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