How to format your references using the Journal of World Business citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of World Business. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A. (2003). Anthropologists cast doubt on human DNA evidence. Nature, 423(6939), 468.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pomerantz, R. T., & O’Donnell, M. (2010). Direct restart of a replication fork stalled by a head-on RNA polymerase. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5965), 590–592.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, B., Chen, J., & Corlett, R. T. (2014). Factors influencing repeated seed movements by scatter-hoarding rodents in an alpine forest. Scientific Reports, 4, 4786.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chai, J., Du, C., Wu, J. W., Kyin, S., Wang, X., & Shi, Y. (2000). Structural and biochemical basis of apoptotic activation by Smac/DIABLO. Nature, 406(6798), 855–862.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abulencia, J. P., & Theodore, L. (2015). Open-Ended Problems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chinesta, F. (2014). The Proper Generalized Decomposition for Advanced Numerical Simulations: A Primer. (R. Keunings & A. Leygue, Eds.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Mulkidjanian, A. Y. (2015). Abiotic Photosynthesis. In M. Gargaud, W. M. Irvine, R. Amils, H. J. (jim) Cleaves, D. L. Pinti, J. C. Quintanilla, … M. Viso (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Astrobiology (pp. 26–28). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of World Business.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, April 28). Disease Evolution: Our Long History Of Fighting Viruses. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Effects of Airline Entry Barriers on Fares (No. T-RCED-90-62). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller, C. (2010). Assembly and analysis of an Sp185/333 gene cluster from the purple sea urchin: Putative evidence for microsatellite-mediated gene and segmental duplication (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ruiz, R. R., Ivory, D., & Stout, H. (2014, May 27). 13 Deaths, Untold Heartache, From G.M. Defect. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott, 2003; Pomerantz & O’Donnell, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pomerantz & O’Donnell, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Wang, Chen, & Corlett, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chai et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of World Business
AbbreviationJ. World Bus.
ISSN (print)1090-9516
ScopeBusiness and International Management

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