How to format your references using the Journal of World Business citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of World Business. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Christeson, G. (2009). Journal club. A geophysicist ponders the mysteries of intraplate earthquakes. Nature, 459(7248), 755.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clift, P. D., & Blusztajn, J. (2005). Reorganization of the western Himalayan river system after five million years ago. Nature, 438(7070), 1001–1003.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, Z., Yu, H., & Su, H. (2013). The transport properties of oxygen vacancy-related polaron-like bound state in HfOx. Scientific Reports, 3, 3246.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Solanki, K., Grover, N., Downs, P., Paskaleva, E. E., Mehta, K. K., Lee, L., Schadler, L. S., Kane, R. S., & Dordick, J. S. (2013). Enzyme-based listericidal nanocomposites. Scientific Reports, 3, 1584.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brigo, D., Morini, M., & Pallavicini, A. (2013). Counterparty Credit Risk, Collateral and Funding. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Schur, P. H., & Massarotti, E. M. (Eds.). (2012). Lupus Erythematosus: Clinical Evaluation and Treatment. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
London, S. E. (2013). Prospective: How the Zebra Finch Genome Strengthens Brain-Behavior Connections in Songbird Models of Learned Vocalization. In S. A. Helekar (Ed.), Animal Models of Speech and Language Disorders (pp. 89–108). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of World Business.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, March 1). New Beehive Lets Honey Be Harvested Without Disturbing Bees. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Airfield Pavements (RCED-97-50R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Backfish, M. (2013). Electron Cloud in Steel Beam Pipe vs Titanium Nitride Coated and Amorphous Carbon Coated Beam Pipes in Fermilab’s Main Injector [Doctoral dissertation]. Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2016, October 7). Red Sox Muster a Threat After Porcello Stumbles, but the Indians Hold On. New York Times, B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Christeson, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Christeson, 2009; Clift & Blusztajn, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clift & Blusztajn, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Wang et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Solanki et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of World Business
AbbreviationJ. World Bus.
ISSN (print)1090-9516
ScopeBusiness and International Management

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