How to format your references using the Journal of World Business citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of World Business. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Domning, D. P. (2001). The earliest known fully quadrupedal sirenian. Nature, 413(6856), 625–627.
A journal article with 2 authors
Levine, M., & Tjian, R. (2003). Transcription regulation and animal diversity. Nature, 424(6945), 147–151.
A journal article with 3 authors
Elsaesser, H., Sauer, K., & Brooks, D. G. (2009). IL-21 is required to control chronic viral infection. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5934), 1569–1572.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kuo, H.-C., Hui, S., Choi, J., Asiegbu, F. O., Valkonen, J. P. T., & Lee, Y.-H. (2014). Secret lifestyles of Neurospora crassa. Scientific Reports, 4, 5135.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jayaweera, S. K. (2014). Signal Processing for Cognitive Radios. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Guia, M. J. (Ed.). (2015). The Illegal Business of Human Trafficking. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Cattaneo, G., Ciucci, D., & Bianucci, D. (2008). Entropy and Co–entropy of Partitions and Coverings with Applications to Roughness Theory. In R. Bello, R. Falcón, W. Pedrycz, & J. Kacprzyk (Eds.), Granular Computing: At the Junction of Rough Sets and Fuzzy Sets (pp. 55–77). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of World Business.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, May 15). Dying Coral Reefs May Mask The Scent Of Predators. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Financial Market Organizations Have Taken Steps to Protect against Electronic Attacks, but Could Take Additional Actions (GAO-05-679R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Patel, D. S. (2017). GoSchoolPro: A Web Portal for the Students Using MVC Architecture and ASP.NET Framework [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M. (2017, May 12). Listen In, With the Bird Man of Classical. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Domning, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Domning, 2001; Levine & Tjian, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Levine & Tjian, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Elsaesser et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kuo et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of World Business
AbbreviationJ. World Bus.
ISSN (print)1090-9516
ScopeBusiness and International Management

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