How to format your references using the Journal of World Business citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of World Business. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maldovan, M. (2013). Sound and heat revolutions in phononics. Nature, 503(7475), 209–217.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chouard, T., & Gray, N. (2010). Glia. Nature, 468(7321), 213.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maamar, H., Raj, A., & Dubnau, D. (2007). Noise in gene expression determines cell fate in Bacillus subtilis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5837), 526–529.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Harper, K. L., Sosa, M. S., Entenberg, D., Hosseini, H., Cheung, J. F., Nobre, R., … Aguirre-Ghiso, J. A. (2018). Corrigendum: Mechanism of early dissemination and metastasis in Her2+ mammary cancer. Nature, 553(7688), 366.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Green, S. D. (2011). Making Sense of Construction Improvement. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Kazimierski, Z. (2016). Externally Heated Valve Engine: A New Approach to Piston Engines. (J. Wojewoda, Ed.) (1st ed. 2016). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Azzopardi, L., & Balog, K. (2011). Towards a Living Lab for Information Retrieval Research and Development. In P. Forner, J. Gonzalo, J. Kekäläinen, M. Lalmas, & M. de Rijke (Eds.), Multilingual and Multimodal Information Access Evaluation: Second International Conference of the Cross-Language Evaluation Forum, CLEF 2011, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, September 19-22, 2011. Proceedings (pp. 26–37). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of World Business.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, February 4). Mysterious Disease Has Been Devastating Starfish. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Bureau of Indian Affairs: Use of Highway Trust Fund Resources (No. AIMD-00-285R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Takusi, G. S. (2010). A quantitative analysis of the extrinsic and intrinsic turnover factors of relational database support professionals (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J. (2016, October 11). Jaws: The Story of the Stag Beetle. New York Times, p. D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pusey, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Hedin, 2015; Weaver, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chouard & Gray, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Maamar, Raj, & Dubnau, 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Long et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of World Business
AbbreviationJ. World Bus.
ISSN (print)1090-9516
ScopeBusiness and International Management

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