How to format your references using the Decision Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Decision Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Evans, R. L. (2008). Geochemistry. Carbon in charge. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5906), 1338–1340.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goldenfeld, N., & Pace, N. R. (2013). Retrospective. Carl R. Woese (1928-2012). Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6120), 661.
A journal article with 3 authors
Di Toro, G., Goldsby, D. L., & Tullis, T. E. (2004). Friction falls towards zero in quartz rock as slip velocity approaches seismic rates. Nature, 427(6973), 436–439.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, Y., Ma, C., Delohery, T., Nasipak, B., Foat, B. C., Bounoutas, A., Bussemaker, H. J., Kim, S. K., & Chalfie, M. (2002). Identification of genes expressed in C. elegans touch receptor neurons. Nature, 418(6895), 331–335.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Park, S., & Guille-Escuret, G. (2017). Sociobiology vs Socioecology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gikhman, I. I. (2007). The Theory of Stochastic Processes III. (A. V. Skorokhod, Ed.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ray, S., & Özdemir, V. (2016). Angel Philanthropy and Crowdfunding to Accelerate Cancer Research in Developing World. In S. Srivastava (Ed.), Biomarker Discovery in the Developing World: Dissecting the Pipeline for Meeting the Challenges. New Delhi: Springer India, 65–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Decision Sciences.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017). 52-Million-Year-Old Fossil Relative To The Potato Discovered In Patagonia,. IFLScience accessed October 30, 2018, available at


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Aviation Assistance: Information on Payments Made Under the Disaster Relief and Insurance Reimbursement Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gallegos, L. L. (2009). Spatiotemporal regulation of protein kinase C signaling: Control of normal cellular dynamics and mis-regulation in cancer. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch, J. (2016). The Man Inside an Oiled Machine. New York Times. October 28, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Evans, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Evans, 2008; Goldenfeld & Pace, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goldenfeld & Pace, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Di Toro, Goldsby, & Tullis, 2004)
  • Four or more authors: (Zhang, Ma, Delohery, Nasipak, Foat, Bounoutas, Bussemaker, Kim, & Chalfie, 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleDecision Sciences
ISSN (print)0011-7315
ISSN (online)1540-5915
ScopeGeneral Business, Management and Accounting
Management of Technology and Innovation
Strategy and Management
Information Systems and Management

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