How to format your references using the Journal of Wine Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Wine Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McNally, E. M. (2012). Genetics: broken giant linked to heart failure. Nature, 483(7389), 281–282.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilson, J. H., & Elledge, S. J. (2002). Cancer. BRCA2 enters the fray. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5588), 1822–1823.
A journal article with 3 authors
Suzuki, G., Shimazu, N., & Tanaka, M. (2012). A yeast prion, Mod5, promotes acquired drug resistance and cell survival under environmental stress. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6079), 355–359.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pagani, M., Caldeira, K., Archer, D., & Zachos, J. C. (2006). Atmosphere. An ancient carbon mystery. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5805), 1556–1557.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wallgren, A., & Wallgren, B. (2014). Register-Based Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Siddiqui, M. W., Ayala Zavala, J. F., & Hwang, C.-A. (andy) (Eds.). (2016). Postharvest Management Approaches for Maintaining Quality of Fresh Produce (1st ed. 2016). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Liénard, E., Ban, G., Blieck, J., Durand, D., Duval, F., Fléchard, X., Herbane, M., Labalme, M., Lemière, Y., Mauger, F., Méry, A., Naviliat-Cuncic, O., Rodriguez, D., & Thomas, J. C. (2007). The LPCTrap experiment: measurement of the β-ν angular correlation in 6He using a transparent Paul trap. In J. Dilling, M. Comyn, J. Thompson, & G. Gwinner (Eds.), TCP 2006: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Trapped Charged Particles and Fundamental Physics (TCP 2006) held in Parksville, Canada, 3–8 September, 2006 (pp. 29–33). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Wine Research.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, June 7). Elon Musk Thinks There’s A “One In Billions” Chance We Don’t Live In A Computer Simulation. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). High Speed Passenger Rail: Future Development Will Depend on Addressing Financial and Other Challenges and Establishing a Clear Federal Role (GAO-09-560T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cox, T. M. (2010). Is the Procurement Integrity Act “Important” Enough for the Mandatory Disclosure Rule?: A Look at the Procurement Integrity Act and the Case for its Inclusion in the Mandatory Disclosure Rule [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, March 11). Venezuelan Ballplayers Love Homeland, at a Safe Distance. New York Times, SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McNally, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (McNally, 2012; Wilson & Elledge, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wilson & Elledge, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Suzuki et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pagani et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Wine Research
AbbreviationJ. Wine Res.
ISSN (print)0957-1264
ISSN (online)1469-9672
ScopeFood Science

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