How to format your references using the Journal of Wine Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Wine Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crow, J. F. (2001). The beanbag lives on. Nature, 409(6822), 771.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bever, J. D., & Wang, M. (2005). Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: hyphal fusion and multigenomic structure. Nature, 433(7022), E3-4; discussion E4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pawar, S., Dell, A. I., & Savage, V. M. (2012). Dimensionality of consumer search space drives trophic interaction strengths. Nature, 486(7404), 485–489.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Schumacher, M. A., Miller, M. C., Grkovic, S., Brown, M. H., Skurray, R. A., & Brennan, R. G. (2001). Structural mechanisms of QacR induction and multidrug recognition. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5549), 2158–2163.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sandou, G. (2013). Metaheuristic Optimization for the Design of Automatic Control Laws. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Salomone, R., Clasadonte, M. T., Proto, M., & Raggi, A. (Eds.). (2013). Product-Oriented Environmental Management Systems (POEMS): Improving Sustainability and Competitiveness in the Agri-Food Chain with Innovative Environmental Management Tools. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Neubauer, A. C., & Fink, A. (2010). Neuroscientific Approaches to the Study of Individual Differences in Cognition and Personality. In A. Gruszka, G. Matthews, & B. Szymura (Eds.), Handbook of Individual Differences in Cognition: Attention, Memory, and Executive Control (pp. 73–85). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Wine Research.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, August 18). Gay Termites Kill Straight Males To Steal Their Wives. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Army Reserve Officer Education (NSIAD-93-197R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bortle, C. D. (2010). The role of mnemonic acronyms in clinical emergency medicine: A grounded theory study [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt, M. S. (2017, June 3). Trump Appears Unlikely to Hinder Comey’s Testimony About Russia Investigation. New York Times, A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crow, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bever & Wang, 2005; Crow, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bever & Wang, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Pawar et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Schumacher et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Wine Research
AbbreviationJ. Wine Res.
ISSN (print)0957-1264
ISSN (online)1469-9672
ScopeFood Science

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