How to format your references using the Journal of Wine Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Wine Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kopetz, H. (2013). Renewable resources: Build a biomass energy market. Nature, 494(7435), 29–31.
A journal article with 2 authors
Abbott, A., & Gitschel, U. (2000). German scientists left in the cold as Berlin rejects rescue plan. Nature, 406(6797), 663–664.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moritz, C. T., Perlmutter, S. I., & Fetz, E. E. (2008). Direct control of paralysed muscles by cortical neurons. Nature, 456(7222), 639–642.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Raghavan, S., Manzanillo, P., Chan, K., Dovey, C., & Cox, J. S. (2008). Secreted transcription factor controls Mycobacterium tuberculosis virulence. Nature, 454(7205), 717–721.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Casadella, V., Liu, Z., & Uzunidis, D. (2015). Innovation Capabilities and Economic Development in Open Economies. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tymieniecka, A.-T. (Ed.). (2005). The Enigma of Good and Evil; The Moral Sentiment in Literature (Vol. 85). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, Z., Sun, K., Jajodia, S., & Jing, J. (2014). Proof of Isolation for Cloud Storage. In S. Jajodia, K. Kant, P. Samarati, A. Singhal, V. Swarup, & C. Wang (Eds.), Secure Cloud Computing (pp. 95–121). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Wine Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 2). How Close Are We To Actually Becoming Martians? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Aviation and the Environment: Results From a Survey of the Nation’s 50 Busiest Commercial Service Airports (RCED-00-222). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nash, M. C. (2017). Reading Achievement: A Study of Perceptions of First-Grade Teachers and the Relationship Between Attendance and Reading Achievement [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Creswell, J., & Story, L. (2011, July 27). On All Levels of the Economy, Concern About the Impasse: Losing Top Rating Could Cost Growth And Job Creation. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kopetz, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott & Gitschel, 2000; Kopetz, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Abbott & Gitschel, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Moritz et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Raghavan et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Wine Research
AbbreviationJ. Wine Res.
ISSN (print)0957-1264
ISSN (online)1469-9672
ScopeFood Science

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