How to format your references using the Journal of Wine Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Wine Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lee, V. M. (2001). Biomedicine. Tauists and beta-aptists united--well almost! Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5534), 1446–1447.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hunt, A., & Evan, G. (2001). Apoptosis. Till death us do part. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5536), 1784–1785.
A journal article with 3 authors
Frederickson, M. E., Greene, M. J., & Gordon, D. M. (2005). Ecology: “Devil’s gardens” bedevilled by ants. Nature, 437(7058), 495–496.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Singh, P., Hossain, M., Gurupatham, S. K., Shah, K., Amah, E., Ju, D., Janjua, M., Nudurupati, S., & Fischer, I. (2014). Molecular-like hierarchical self-assembly of monolayers of mixtures of particles. Scientific Reports, 4, 7427.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dunlop, J., Girma, D., & Irvine, J. (2013). Digital Mobile Communications and the Tetra System. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
van den Hoven, J., Vermaas, P. E., & van de Poel, I. (Eds.). (2015). Handbook of Ethics, Values, and Technological Design: Sources, Theory, Values and Application Domains. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, Y.-T., Liu, J.-J., & Wang, Y.-L. (2013). On Total Covers of Block-Cactus Graphs. In R.-S. Chang, L. C. Jain, & S.-L. Peng (Eds.), Advances in Intelligent Systems and Applications - Volume 1: Proceedings of the International Computer Symposium ICS 2012 Held at Hualien, Taiwan, December 12–14, 2012 (pp. 33–39). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Wine Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, November 30). Pluto May Have Always Had Its Icy Heart. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Surface Transportation: Moving into the 21st Century (RCED-99-176). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sripinit, T. (2012). How Much Do We Understand About Asymmetric Effects of Monetary Policy? [Doctoral dissertation]. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, L. F. (2007, July 29). After 63 Years, A Boardwalk Is Back. New York Times, LI11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lee, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Hunt & Evan, 2001; Lee, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hunt & Evan, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Frederickson et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Singh et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Wine Research
AbbreviationJ. Wine Res.
ISSN (print)0957-1264
ISSN (online)1469-9672
ScopeFood Science

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