How to format your references using the BMJ Open Respiratory Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMJ Open Respiratory Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Flowers J. The route to atomic and quantum standards. Science 2004;306:1324–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Boes M, Ploegh HL. Translating cell biology in vitro to immunity in vivo. Nature 2004;430:264–71.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Suzuki N, Nishiura M, Wakatsuki Y. Isolation and structural characterization of 1-zirconacyclopent-3-yne, five-membered cyclic alkynes. Science 2002;295:660–3.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Blomqvist D, Andersson M, Küpper C, et al. Genetic similarity between mates and extra-pair parentage in three species of shorebirds. Nature 2002;419:613–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Matthews C. A Practical Guide to Engineering Failure Investigation. Chichester, UK: : John Wiley & Sons, Ltd 1998.
An edited book
1
Sivanandam SN. Introduction to Genetic Algorithms. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Hodych O, Hushchyn K, Shcherbyna Y, et al. SOM-Based Dynamic Image Segmentation for Sign Language Training Simulator. In: Yang J, Ginige A, Mayr HC, et al., eds. Information Systems: Modeling, Development, and Integration: Third International United Information Systems Conference, UNISCON 2009, Sydney, Australia, April 21-24, 2009. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2009. 29–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMJ Open Respiratory Research.

Blog post
1
Davis J. The Majority Of Europeans Say They Are Already Feeling The Impact Of Climate Change. IFLScience. 2017.https://www.iflscience.com/environment/the-majority-of-europeans-say-they-are-already-feeling-the-impact-of-climate-change/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Department of Education: Guaranteed Student Loan Program Vulnerabilities. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Gaete DO. Investigation of intuitive eating after intervention measured by the Intuitive Eating Scale. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Butler P. Jurors Need to Know That They Can Say No. New York Times. 2011;:A39.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMJ Open Respiratory Research
AbbreviationBMJ Open Respir. Res.
ISSN (online)2052-4439
Scope

Other styles