How to format your references using the BMJ Open Respiratory Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMJ Open Respiratory Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Mazin II. Superconductivity gets an iron boost. Nature 2010;464:183–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Baker AW, Forest KT. Structural biology: Action at a distance in a light receptor. Nature 2014;509:174–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Cai Y, Zhang G, Zhang Y-W. Layer-dependent band alignment and work function of few-layer phosphorene. Sci Rep 2014;4:6677.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Harutyunyan AR, Chen G, Paronyan TM, et al. Preferential growth of single-walled carbon nanotubes with metallic conductivity. Science 2009;326:116–20.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Escarpa A, González MC, López MÁ. Agricultural and Food Electroanalysis. Chichester, UK: : John Wiley & Sons, Ltd 2015.
An edited book
1
Gurevich Y, Meyer B, editors. Tests and Proofs: First International Conference, TAP 2007, Zurich, Switzerland, February 12-13, 2007. Revised Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Dissanayake CB, Chandrajith R. Medical Geology of Fluoride. In: Chandrajith R, ed. Introduction to Medical Geology. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2009. 59–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMJ Open Respiratory Research.

Blog post
1
Carpineti A. The UK Wants To Blacklist Homeopathy. IFLScience. 2015.https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/england-wales-could-blacklist-homeopathy/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Interscholastic Athletics: School Districts Provide Some Assistance to Uninsured Student Athletes. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Pitron JE. The influence of exemplary followership on organizational performance: A phenomenological approach. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Saslow L. 14,000 Sq. Ft., Shady Past, All for Just $8.3 Million. New York Times. 2007;:14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMJ Open Respiratory Research
AbbreviationBMJ Open Respir. Res.
ISSN (online)2052-4439
Scope

Other styles