How to format your references using the BMJ Open Respiratory Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BMJ Open Respiratory Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Handyside A. Let parents decide. Nature 2010;464:978–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Seitz AR, Watanabe T. Psychophysics: Is subliminal learning really passive? Nature 2003;422:36.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Liotta LA, Ferrari M, Petricoin E. Clinical proteomics: written in blood. Nature 2003;425:905.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Wei B-B, Chen S-W, Po H-C, et al. Phase transitions in the complex plane of physical parameters. Sci Rep 2014;4:5202.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Landa R. Advertising by Design. Hoboken, NJ: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2016.
An edited book
1
Wu C, editor. Early Navigation in the Asia-Pacific Region: A Maritime Archaeological Perspective. Singapore: : Springer 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Chisholm K, Lin A, Armando M. Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders and Autism Spectrum Disorder. In: Mazzone L, Vitiello B, eds. Psychiatric Symptoms and Comorbidities in Autism Spectrum Disorder. Cham: : Springer International Publishing 2016. 51–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BMJ Open Respiratory Research.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. What Will Earth Look Like 100 Million Years From Now? IFLScience. 2015.https://www.iflscience.com/space/what-will-earth-look-100-million-years-now/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control Modernization: Status of the Current Program and Planning for the Next Generation Air Transportation System. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Chima-Okereke O. The distinct VPS35 mutant, env1, exhibits unique protein mislocalization and processing phenotype. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Vecsey G. Leyland Needs No Advice. New York Times. 2011;:B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBMJ Open Respiratory Research
AbbreviationBMJ Open Respir. Res.
ISSN (online)2052-4439
Scope

Other styles