How to format your references using the Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Koshland DE Jr. Crazy, but correct. Nature 2004;432:447.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Laage D, Hynes JT. A molecular jump mechanism of water reorientation. Science 2006;311:832–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Cossart R, Aronov D, Yuste R. Attractor dynamics of network UP states in the neocortex. Nature 2003;423:283–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Seal RP, Wang X, Guan Y, Raja SN, Woodbury CJ, Basbaum AI, et al. Injury-induced mechanical hypersensitivity requires C-low threshold mechanoreceptors. Nature 2009;462:651–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Kerzner H, Belack C. Managing Complex Projects. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Ystad S, Kronland-Martinet R, Jensen K, editors. Computer Music Modeling and Retrieval. Genesis of Meaning in Sound and Music: 5th International Symposium, CMMR 2008 Copenhagen, Denmark, May 19-23, 2008 Revised Papers. vol. 5493. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Lakshmibai V, Brown J. The Grassmannian and Its Schubert Varieties. In: Brown J, editor. The Grassmannian Variety: Geometric and Representation-Theoretic Aspects, New York, NY: Springer; 2015, p. 51–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology.

Blog post
[1]
O`Callaghan J. Asteroid Impact May Have Intensified Volcanic Eruptions And Wiped Out The Dinosaurs. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/asteroid-impact-may-have-intensified-volcanoes-and-wiped-out-dinosaurs/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Airport Financing: Annual Funding As Much As $3 Billion Less Than Planned Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Adelman SW. Early childhood nutritional responses to targeted food aid and social network disruptions in Ugandan internally displaced person’s camps. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Wagner J. He Licks Bats, and He Kisses His Coach. Don’t Give Him Any More Ideas. New York Times 2017:B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
AbbreviationClin. Res. Hepatol. Gastroenterol.
ISSN (print)2210-7401
ScopeGastroenterology

Other styles