How to format your references using the Current Ophthalmology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Ophthalmology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Kreeger K. Private foundations push for higher postdoc salaries. Nature. 2002;415:5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Cui Y, Lieber CM. Functional nanoscale electronic devices assembled using silicon nanowire building blocks. Science. 2001;291:851–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Moldoveanu T, Gehring K, Green DR. Concerted multi-pronged attack by calpastatin to occlude the catalytic cleft of heterodimeric calpains. Nature. 2008;456:404–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Maxted PFL, Napiwotzki R, Dobbie PD, Burleigh MR. Survival of a brown dwarf after engulfment by a red giant star. Nature. 2006;442:543–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Chinesta F, Cescotto S, Cueto E, Lorong P. Natural Element Method for the Simulation of Structures and Processes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Mizuno K, Takano M, editors. Coronary Angioscopy. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Lin P. Why Ethics Matters for Autonomous Cars. In: Maurer M, Gerdes JC, Lenz B, Winner H, editors. Autonomous Driving: Technical, Legal and Social Aspects. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016. p. 69–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Ophthalmology Reports.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Fast Radio Bursts Also Produce Huge Gamma-Ray Flares [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/fast-radio-bursts-also-produce-huge-gammaray-flares/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. NASA: Major Management Challenges and Program Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Jun. Report No.: GAO-03-849T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Pan A. The Mental Health and Well-Being of College Students in Cambodia [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW. Puerto Rico Unveils Painful Plan for Islanders, and Bond Holders. New York Times. 2015 Sep 10;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Ophthalmology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Ophthalmol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2167-4868
Scope

Other styles