How to format your references using the Current Ophthalmology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Ophthalmology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. La Madeleine BL. Lost in translation. Nature. 2007;445:454–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Lo JA, Fisher DE. The melanoma revolution: from UV carcinogenesis to a new era in therapeutics. Science. 2014;346:945–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Wang C, Shim M, Guyot-Sionnest P. Electrochromic nanocrystal quantum dots. Science. 2001;291:2390–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Hugosson HW, Jansson U, Johansson B, Eriksson O. Restricting dislocation movement in transition metal carbides by phase stability tuning. Science. 2001;293:2434–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. AIChE technical manual. Dow’s Chemical Exposure Index Guide. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1998.
An edited book
1. Arik S, Huang T, Lai WK, Liu Q, editors. Neural Information Processing: 22nd International Conference, ICONIP 2015, Istanbul, Turkey, November 9-12, 2015, Proceedings Part III. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Hagemann TM, Lewis TV. Iron as a Drug and Drug–Drug Interactions. In: Yehuda S, Mostofsky DI, editors. Iron Deficiency and Overload: From Basic Biology to Clinical Medicine. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2010. p. 77–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Ophthalmology Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Human Brain Grown In A Lab Could Be Most Complete Yet [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/human-brain-grown-lab-most-complete-yet/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federal Regulatory Policies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 Mar. Report No.: PAD-78-68.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Herman RL. Servant leadership: A model for organizations desiring a workplace spirituality culture [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Sisario B. With Vinyl, Creating a Physical Presence. New York Times. 2016 Oct 3;B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Ophthalmology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Ophthalmol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2167-4868
Scope

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