How to format your references using the Current Ophthalmology Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Ophthalmology Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Lloyd S. Quantum information matters. Science. 2008;319:1209–11.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Zhang Y, Hayes JD. The membrane-topogenic vectorial behaviour of Nrf1 controls its post-translational modification and transactivation activity. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Culler SJ, Hoff KG, Smolke CD. Reprogramming cellular behavior with RNA controllers responsive to endogenous proteins. Science. 2010;330:1251–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Tsai WL, Hsu PC, Hwu Y, Chen CH, Chang LW, Je JH, et al. Electrochemistry: building on bubbles in metal electrodeposition. Nature. 2002;417:139.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Chen K-H. Power Management Techniques for Integrated Circuit Design. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1. Seyberth HW, Rane A, Schwab M, editors. Pediatric Clinical Pharmacology. First. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Torzilli G, Donadon M, Costa G. Diagnosis and Staging: Contrast-Enhanced Intraoperative Ultrasound (CEIOUS) Using Intravascular Contrast Agents. In: Torzilli G, editor. Ultrasound-Guided Liver Surgery: An Atlas. Milano: Springer; 2014. p. 55–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Ophthalmology Reports.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Ancient Tectonic Activity Spotted On Mars [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/ancient-tectonic-activity-spotted-on-mars/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federal Student Loans: Education Needs to Improve Its Income-Driven Repayment Plan Budget Estimates. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016 Nov. Report No.: GAO-17-22.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Flannery R. Clustering of Cyclic-Nucleotide-Gated Channels in Olfactory Cilia [Doctoral dissertation]. [Cincinnati, OH]: University of Cincinnati; 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Liptak A, Walsh MW. Top Court Will Decide Puerto Rico Debt Cases. New York Times. 2015 Dec 5;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Ophthalmology Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Ophthalmol. Rep.
ISSN (online)2167-4868
Scope

Other styles