How to format your references using the Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stern, A., 2010. Non-Abelian states of matter. Nature 464, 187–193.
A journal article with 2 authors
Golder, S.A., Macy, M.W., 2011. Diurnal and seasonal mood vary with work, sleep, and daylength across diverse cultures. Science 333, 1878–1881.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baier, D.B., Gatesy, S.M., Jenkins, F.A., 2007. A critical ligamentous mechanism in the evolution of avian flight. Nature 445, 307–310.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Harada, Y., Takagaki, Y., Sunagawa, M., Saito, T., Yamada, L., Taniguchi, H., Shoguchi, E., Sawada, H., 2008. Mechanism of self-sterility in a hermaphroditic chordate. Science 320, 548–550.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boberski, V., 2010. Community Banking Strategies. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Stan-Lotter, H., Fendrihan, S. (Eds.), 2012. Adaption of Microbial Life to Environmental Extremes: Novel Research Results and Application. Springer, Vienna.
A chapter in an edited book
Clack, J.A., Anderson, J.S., 2016. Early Tetrapods: Experimenting with Form and Function, in: Clack, J.A., Fay, R.R., Popper, A.N. (Eds.), Evolution of the Vertebrate Ear: Evidence from the Fossil Record, Springer Handbook of Auditory Research. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 71–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Hyperfast Spacecraft Could Be Partly Destroyed By Interstellar Dust En Route To Alpha Centauri [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Space Exploration: Cost, Schedule, and Performance of NASA’s Ulysses Mission to the Sun (No. NSIAD-88-129FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sullivan, T.J., 2017. Molecular Ecology, Disease Ecology, and Candidate Genes for Pathogen Resistance in the Blue Crab Callinectes sapidus (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2011. In the Motor City, Success on the Field and Hope Off It. New York Times B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stern, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Golder and Macy, 2011; Stern, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Golder and Macy, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Harada et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
AbbreviationJ. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res.
ISSN (print)0377-0273
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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