How to format your references using the Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morrow, R., 2008. Engineering. Wi-Fi-Fo-Fum. Science 320, 1018–1019.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bayraktar, O.A., Doe, C.Q., 2013. Combinatorial temporal patterning in progenitors expands neural diversity. Nature 498, 449–455.
A journal article with 3 authors
Powell, K.I., Chase, J.M., Knight, T.M., 2013. Invasive plants have scale-dependent effects on diversity by altering species-area relationships. Science 339, 316–318.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sliter, D.A., Martinez, J., Hao, L., Chen, X., Sun, N., Fischer, T.D., Burman, J.L., Li, Y., Zhang, Z., Narendra, D.P., Cai, H., Borsche, M., Klein, C., Youle, R.J., 2018. Parkin and PINK1 mitigate STING-induced inflammation. Nature 561, 258–262.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hornberg, A., 2017. Handbook of Machine and Computer Vision. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Meadows, G.G. (Ed.), 2005. Integration/Interaction of Oncologic Growth, Cancer Growth and Progression. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Tiplica, G.-S., Tschachler, E., 2016. Venereal Disease II: Chlamydia trachomatis Infection, Gonorrhoea, in: Ólafsson, J.H., Hay, R.J. (Eds.), Antibiotic and Antifungal Therapies in Dermatology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 69–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Why Bacteria Could Be The Answer To A Future Without Oil [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Progress of the DD(X) Destroyer Program (No. GAO-05-752R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Amini, B., 2015. Linear Matrix Inequality Method for Periodic Systems (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dynarski, S., 2015. Why Small Student Debt Can Mean Big Problems. New York Times A3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morrow, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Bayraktar and Doe, 2013; Morrow, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bayraktar and Doe, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Sliter et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
AbbreviationJ. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res.
ISSN (print)0377-0273
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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