How to format your references using the Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Parson, W.W., 2007. Biophysics. Long live electronic coherence! Science 316, 1438–1439.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smetacek, V., Nicol, S., 2005. Polar ocean ecosystems in a changing world. Nature 437, 362–368.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaiser, T.E., Intine, R.V., Dundr, M., 2008. De novo formation of a subnuclear body. Science 322, 1713–1717.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, Z., Kesselman, E., Talmon, Y., Hillmyer, M.A., Lodge, T.P., 2004. Multicompartment micelles from ABC miktoarm stars in water. Science 306, 98–101.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rooney, T., 2010. IP Address Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Alberts, G., Oldenziel, R. (Eds.), 2014. Hacking Europe: From Computer Cultures to Demoscenes, History of Computing. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Thomas, E.M., Temko, A., Lightbody, G., Marnane, W.P., Boylan, G.B., 2011. Advances in Automated Neonatal Seizure Detection, in: Ruano, A.E., Várkonyi-Kóczy, A.R. (Eds.), New Advances in Intelligent Signal Processing, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 93–113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. How Frogs And Fish Can Help Us Learn To Freeze Humans [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Job Corps: Participant Selection and Performance Measurement Need to Be Improved (No. T-HEHS-98-37). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Villanueva, R., 2015. Issues of performance practice: The influence of Franz Strauss upon Richard Strauss’s Horn Concerto No. 1 (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J.C., Jr, 2017. Top Judge Goes Where Flaws Are Acute to Address State of Courts. New York Times A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Parson, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Parson, 2007; Smetacek and Nicol, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smetacek and Nicol, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
AbbreviationJ. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res.
ISSN (print)0377-0273
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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