How to format your references using the Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watts, S., 2014. Society needs more than wonder to respect science. Nature 508, 151.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bottos, A., Hynes, N.E., 2014. Cancer: Staying together on the road to metastasis. Nature 514, 309–310.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nishida, K., Montagner, J.-P., Kawakatsu, H., 2009. Global surface wave tomography using seismic hum. Science 326, 112.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Khare, A., Santorelli, L.A., Strassmann, J.E., Queller, D.C., Kuspa, A., Shaulsky, G., 2009. Cheater-resistance is not futile. Nature 461, 980–982.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Trout, J., Rivkin, S., 2008. Differentiate or Die. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Shi, Y., Albada, G.D. van, Dongarra, J., Sloot, P.M.A. (Eds.), 2007. Computational Science – ICCS 2007: 7th International Conference, Beijing, China, May 27 - 30, 2007, Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Sahri, S., Ouziri, M., Benbernou, S., 2014. Summary-Based Pattern Tableaux Generation for Conditional Functional Dependencies in Distributed Data, in: Decker, H., Lhotská, L., Link, S., Spies, M., Wagner, R.R. (Eds.), Database and Expert Systems Applications: 25th International Conference, DEXA 2014, Munich, Germany, September 1-4, 2014. Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 50–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. The Strange History and Future of Chlamydia Vaccines [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016. Child Care: Information on Integrating Early Care and Education Funding (No. GAO-16-775R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thomas, L.E., 2017. Youth Art Ambassadors: A Youth Participatory Action Research Project Using Social Justice to Incite Change in Classrooms where Teachers Teach Young People of Color (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crair, B., 2016. Where Mark Twain Found Inspiration. New York Times TR9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Watts, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bottos and Hynes, 2014; Watts, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bottos and Hynes, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Khare et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
AbbreviationJ. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res.
ISSN (print)0377-0273
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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