How to format your references using the Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Foulger, G. R. (2006). Geophysics. Toward “supervolcano” technology. Science 313, 768–769.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miltat, J., and Thiaville, A. (2000). MAGNETISM: Magnets Fast and Small. Science 290, 466–467.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sinsabaugh, R. L., Hill, B. H., and Follstad Shah, J. J. (2009). Ecoenzymatic stoichiometry of microbial organic nutrient acquisition in soil and sediment. Nature 462, 795–798.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Loveday, J. S., Nelmes, R. J., Guthrie, M., Belmonte, S. A., Allan, D. R., Klug, D. D., et al. (2001). Stable methane hydrate above 2 GPa and the source of Titan’s atmospheric methane. Nature 410, 661–663.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stevens, B. A., and Roediger, E. (2016). Breaking Negative Relationship Patterns. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Maradudin, A. A. ed. (2007). Light Scattering and Nanoscale Surface Roughness. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Triantafyllidis, T., Röchter, L., and Niemunis, A. (2011). “SHEAR BANDING IN GEOMATERIALS IN PLANE STRAIN: PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL MODELS,” in Multiscale and Multiphysics Processes in Geomechanics: Resultsof the Workshop on Multiscale and Multiphysics Processes in Geomechanics, Stanford, June 23–25, 2010 Springer Series in Geomechanics and Geoengineering., ed. R. I. Borja (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 13–16.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016). Mini-Spiral Galaxies Might Tell A Different Dark Matter Story. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991). Questions Remain on the Costs, Uses, and Risks of the Redesigned Space Station. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gobas, M. (2012). Affiliate users policy: Solution to multiple ball field users in the city of Artesia.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017). Ed Sheeran Holds No. 1 as Drake Inches Up. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Foulger, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Foulger, 2006; Miltat and Thiaville, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miltat and Thiaville, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Loveday et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Systems Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Syst. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1662-5137
ScopeNeuroscience (miscellaneous)
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience
Developmental Neuroscience

Other styles