How to format your references using the Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spielmann, C. (2014). Ultrafast dynamics. Electrons take the fast track through silicon. Science 346, 1293–1294.
A journal article with 2 authors
Baudrimont, A., and Becskei, A. (2015). Gene regulation: Expression feels two pulses. Nature 527, 46–47.
A journal article with 3 authors
Foley, S., Tiepolo, M., and Vannucci, R. (2002). Growth of early continental crust controlled by melting of amphibolite in subduction zones. Nature 417, 837–840.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yoo, S.-J., Chang, J.-H., Lee, J.-H., Moon, C.-K., Wu, C.-I., and Kim, J.-J. (2014). Formation of perfect ohmic contact at indium tin oxide/N,N’-di(naphthalene-1-yl)-N,N’-diphenyl-benzidine interface using ReO3. Sci. Rep. 4, 3902.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ho, R. J. Y., and Gibaldi, M. (2003). Biotechnology and Biopharmaceuticals. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wang, F., Yan, P., Suzuki, K., and Shen, D. eds. (2010). Machine Learning in Medical Imaging: First International Workshop, MLMI 2010, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2010, Beijing, China, September 20, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, Q., Duan, X., and Peng, C. (2014). “Laser Micro-/Nanofabrication and Applications Based on Multiphoton Process,” in Novel Optical Technologies for Nanofabrication Nanostructure Science and Technology., eds. X. Duan and C. Peng (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 81–151.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016). New Device Can Diagnose Diseases Just By Sniffing Your Breath. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004). Federal Aviation Administration: Plan Still Needed to Meet Challenges to Effectively Managing Air Traffic Controller Workforce. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watkins, J. J. (2017). Victor Echo Tango (VET) Support Services Inc.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017). In Pursuit of a Social Media Mirage. New York Times, C10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Spielmann, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Spielmann, 2014; Baudrimont and Becskei, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Baudrimont and Becskei, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Yoo et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Systems Neuroscience
AbbreviationFront. Syst. Neurosci.
ISSN (online)1662-5137
ScopeNeuroscience (miscellaneous)
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Cognitive Neuroscience
Developmental Neuroscience

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