How to format your references using the British Dental Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Dental Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Moraes M. Perspective: Lessons from Brazil. Nature 2011; 474: S25.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Fugmann SD, Schatz DG. Immunology. One AID to unite them all. Science 2002; 295: 1244–1245.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Kareiva P, Chang A, Marvier M. Environmental economics. Development and conservation goals in World Bank projects. Science 2008; 321: 1638–1639.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Wen P, Zheng N, Li L, Shi Q. Symmetrically periodic segregation in a vertically vibrated binary granular bed. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 6914.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Epperlein PW. Semiconductor Laser Engineering, Reliability and Diagnostics. John Wiley & Sons Ltd: Oxford, UK, 2013.
An edited book
1
Bian F, Xie Y, Cui X, Zeng Y (eds.). Geo-Informatics in Resource Management and Sustainable Ecosystem: International Symposium, GRMSE 2013, Wuhan, China, November 8-10, 2013, Proceedings, Part I. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Hünten S, Siemens H, Kaller M, Hermeking H. The p53/microRNA Network in Cancer: Experimental and Bioinformatics Approaches. In: Schmitz U, Wolkenhauer O, Vera J (eds). MicroRNA Cancer Regulation: Advanced Concepts, Bioinformatics and Systems Biology Tools. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2013, pp 77–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Dental Journal.

Blog post
1
Luntz S. Greenland’s Lakes Keep Vanishing. Where Are They Going? IFLScience. 2015.https://www.iflscience.com/environment/secret-greenlands-vanishing-lakes/ (accessed 30 Oct2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. District of Columbia Charter Schools: Criteria for Awarding School Buildings to Charter Schools Needs Additional Transparency. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Brooks BM. Applying Andragogical Principles to Real-Time Embedded Parental Coaching When Helping Their Children with Hearing Loss to Talk. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Barron J. Some Gifts Go in the Closet. These Go on the Block. New York Times. 2017; : A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Dental Journal
AbbreviationBr. Dent. J.
ISSN (print)0007-0610
ISSN (online)1476-5373
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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