How to format your references using the British Dental Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Dental Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Clayton DD. History of science. Hoyle’s equation. Science 2007; 318: 1876–1877.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Nudds RL, Dyke GJ. Narrow primary feather rachises in Confuciusornis and Archaeopteryx suggest poor flight ability. Science 2010; 328: 887–889.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Lu K, Lu L, Suresh S. Strengthening materials by engineering coherent internal boundaries at the nanoscale. Science 2009; 324: 349–352.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Griffiths S, Sharp R, Foote TN et al. Molecular characterization of Ph1 as a major chromosome pairing locus in polyploid wheat. Nature 2006; 439: 749–752.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Moll W, Moll A. Schallschutz im Wohnungsbau. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany, 2011.
An edited book
1
Costa-jussà MR, Rapp R, Lambert P, Eberle K, Banchs RE, Babych B (eds.). Hybrid Approaches to Machine Translation. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Jiang H, Gero JS, Yen C-C. Exploring Designing Styles Using a Problem–Solution Division. In: Gero JS (ed). Design Computing and Cognition ’12. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2014, pp 79–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Dental Journal.

Blog post
1
Evans K. How AI Will Affect Urban Life In 2030, According To Scientists. IFLScience. 2016.https://www.iflscience.com/technology/how-ai-will-affect-urban-life-in-2030-according-to-scientists/ (accessed 30 Oct2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Special Education: More Flexible Spending Requirement Could Mitigate Unintended Consequences While Protecting Services. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Matsuda T. Computational proposal for locating local defects in superconducting tapes. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Robles F. Police Officers Are Haunted by Grisly Scene Inside Orlando Club. New York Times. 2016; : A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Dental Journal
AbbreviationBr. Dent. J.
ISSN (print)0007-0610
ISSN (online)1476-5373
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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