How to format your references using the British Dental Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Dental Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Fredrickson JK. ECOLOGY. Ecological communities by design. Science 2015; 348: 1425–1427.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Elbert T, Heim S. A light and a dark side. Nature 2001; 411: 139.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Tong S, Meagher S, Vollenhoven B. Sonography: dizygotic twin survival in early pregnancy. Nature 2002; 416: 142.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Berman-Frank I, Lundgren P, Chen YB et al. Segregation of nitrogen fixation and oxygenic photosynthesis in the marine cyanobacterium Trichodesmium. Science 2001; 294: 1534–1537.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Vitale J, Len IH. Zero Limits. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2008.
An edited book
1
Di Saverio S, Tugnoli G, Catena F, Ansaloni L, Naidoo N (eds.). Trauma Surgery: Volume 1: Trauma Management, Trauma Critical Care, Orthopaedic Trauma and Neuro-Trauma. Springer: Milano, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Brehmer M. PNL: Indications and Guidelines: Stenosis and Tumours. In: Scoffone CM, Hoznek A, Cracco CM (eds). Supine Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy and ECIRS: The New Way of Interpreting PNL. Springer: Paris, 2014, pp 33–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Dental Journal.

Blog post
1
Luntz S. Ancient Populations Migrated Frequently, Mixing Up DNA. IFLScience. 2017.https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/ancient-populations-migrated-frequently-mixing-up-dna/ (accessed 30 Oct2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Congressional Relations Activities, 1950-1983: Smith Blair, Charles E. Eckert, Martin J. Fitzgerald, and L. Fred Thompson. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Ortega S de. The Impact of Outcome Measurement on Non-profit Organizations: A Case Study. 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Williams J. A Nazi Script Comes to Light. New York Times. 2017; : C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Dental Journal
AbbreviationBr. Dent. J.
ISSN (print)0007-0610
ISSN (online)1476-5373
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

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