How to format your references using the British Dental Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Dental Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarewitz D. Double trouble? To throw cash at science is a mistake. Nature 2010; 468: 135.
A journal article with 2 authors
Langley JA, Megonigal JP. Ecosystem response to elevated CO(2) levels limited by nitrogen-induced plant species shift. Nature 2010; 466: 96–99.
A journal article with 3 authors
Miyazawa A, Fujiyoshi Y, Unwin N. Structure and gating mechanism of the acetylcholine receptor pore. Nature 2003; 423: 949–955.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Duggen S, Hoernle K, van den Bogaard P, Rüpke L, Morgan JP. Deep roots of the Messinian salinity crisis. Nature 2003; 422: 602–606.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perez RX, Conkey AP. Troubleshooting Rotating Machinery. John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
Alpay D, Kirstein B (eds.). Interpolation, Schur Functions and Moment Problems II. Springer: Basel, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Held L, Sabanés Bové D. Likelihood Inference in Multiparameter Models. In: Sabanés Bové D (ed). Applied Statistical Inference: Likelihood and Bayes. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014, pp 123–165.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Dental Journal.

Blog post
Andrews R. The Earth’s Mantle Is Hotter Than Anyone Previously Thought. IFLScience. 2017. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Software Tools and Techniques. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Foster HC. The effect of droplet size and sprayer type on physical drift. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller B, Schweber N. Driver Arrested After Bus Fatally Strikes Pedestrian. New York Times. 2015; : A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Dental Journal
AbbreviationBr. Dent. J.
ISSN (print)0007-0610
ISSN (online)1476-5373
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

Other styles