How to format your references using the British Dental Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Dental Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Erez N. Cancer: Opening LOX to metastasis. Nature 2015; 522: 41–42.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang MH, vom Saal FS. Maternal age and traits in offspring. Nature 2000; 407: 469–470.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tseng C-H, Gobell JL, Sperling G. Long-lasting sensitization to a given colour after visual search. Nature 2004; 428: 657–660.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Roux A, Uyhazi K, Frost A, De Camilli P. GTP-dependent twisting of dynamin implicates constriction and tension in membrane fission. Nature 2006; 441: 528–531.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stocker AA. Analog VLSI Circuits for the Perception of Visual Motion. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
Sanchis-Alfonso V, Monllau JC (eds.). The ACL-Deficient Knee: A Problem Solving Approach. Springer: London, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Manoury E, Poli R. Phosphine-Containing Planar Chiral Ferrocenes: Synthesis, Coordination Chemistry and Applications to Asymmetric Catalysis. In: Peruzzini M, Gonsalvi L (eds). Phosphorus Compounds: Advanced Tools in Catalysis and Material Sciences. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2011, pp 121–149.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Dental Journal.

Blog post
Fang J. Harbor Porpoises Must Eat All The Time To Live. IFLScience. 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Tribal Internet Access: Increased Federal Coordination and Performance Measurement Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Guzman S. Numerical investigations of a pipe jet with coil insert issuing into a crossflow. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Ryan Tries to Flatten A Persistent Opponent. New York Times. 2010; : B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Dental Journal
AbbreviationBr. Dent. J.
ISSN (print)0007-0610
ISSN (online)1476-5373
ScopeGeneral Dentistry

Other styles