How to format your references using the Journal of Visceral Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Visceral Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Bonetta L. Protein purification: protein purification for structural proteomics. Nature 2006;439:1018.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Kale MJ, Christopher P. PHYSICS. Plasmons at the interface. Science 2015;349:587–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Weiss KM, Miguel-Sanchez J, Elzerman JM. Magnetically tunable singlet-triplet spin qubit in a four-electron InGaAs coupled quantum dot. Sci Rep 2013;3:3121.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Nagai H, Kagan JC, Zhu X, Kahn RA, Roy CR. A bacterial guanine nucleotide exchange factor activates ARF on Legionella phagosomes. Science 2002;295:679–82.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Krysinski T, Malburet F. Mechanical Instability. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Gross T, Sayama H, editors. Adaptive Networks: Theory, Models and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Kihara K, Matsuoka Y, Ishioka J, Fujii Y, Saito K, Numao N, et al. Gasless Single-Port RoboSurgeon Retroperitoneoscopic Adrenalectomy. In: Kihara K, editor. Gasless Single-Port RoboSurgeon Surgery in Urology, Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2015, p. 85–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Visceral Surgery.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Why Isolated Easter Island Is The Perfect Spot For A Marine Reserve. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Protest Against Award of Data Processing and Mailing Contract. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Hamilton SM. An Investigation of the Mass Balance of Oil and Gas Produced Versus Estimated Reserves Remaining within the A.W.P. Field, McMullen County, Texas. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Crair B. Where Mark Twain Found Inspiration. New York Times 2016:TR9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Visceral Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Visc. Surg.
ISSN (print)1878-7886
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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