How to format your references using the Journal of Visceral Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Visceral Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Sukhdev P. Sustainability: The corporate climate overhaul. Nature 2012;486:27–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Fischbach MA, Walsh CT. Antibiotics for emerging pathogens. Science 2009;325:1089–93.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Chandra FA, Buzi G, Doyle JC. Glycolytic oscillations and limits on robust efficiency. Science 2011;333:187–92.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Smakowska-Luzan E, Mott GA, Parys K, Stegmann M, Howton TC, Layeghifard M, et al. Publisher Correction: An extracellular network of Arabidopsis leucine-rich repeat receptor kinases. Nature 2018;561:E8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Olofsson P. Probabilities. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
[1]
Raedt LD, Frasconi P, Kersting K, Muggleton S, editors. Probabilistic Inductive Logic Programming: Theory and Applications. vol. 4911. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Kämäräinen J-K, Hadid A, Pietikäinen M. Local Representation of Facial Features. In: Li SZ, Jain AK, editors. Handbook of Face Recognition, London: Springer; 2011, p. 79–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Visceral Surgery.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Read Roald Dahl’s Heartbreaking Letter Urging Parents To Vaccinate. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/read-roald-dahls-heartbreaking-letter-urging-parents-vaccinate/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Contract Pricing: A Low Percentage of Contractors Are Responsible for Most Reported Defective Pricing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
McGaughey KM. Textural juxtaposition: Representing the natural and the human in Elements. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Crow K. Singed From the Attack, Trees Find a Safer Home. New York Times 2001:146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Visceral Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Visc. Surg.
ISSN (print)1878-7886
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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