How to format your references using the Cancer Treatment Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer Treatment Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Scadden DT. The stem-cell niche as an entity of action. Nature 2006;441:1075–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Manne AS, Richels RG. An alternative approach to establishing trade-offs among greenhouse gases. Nature 2001;410:675–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Hirata A, Klein BJ, Murakami KS. The X-ray crystal structure of RNA polymerase from Archaea. Nature 2008;451:851–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Bacaj T, Tevlin M, Lu Y, Shaham S. Glia are essential for sensory organ function in C. elegans. Science 2008;322:744–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Burgess M. Analytical Network and System Administration. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Teodorescu H-N, Kirschenbaum A, Cojocaru S, Bruderlein C, editors. Improving Disaster Resilience and Mitigation - IT Means and Tools. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Domoradzki S, Stawiska M. Lucjan Emil Böttcher and his Mathematical Legacy. In: Rassias TM, Pardalos PM, editors. Mathematics Without Boundaries: Surveys in Pure Mathematics, New York, NY: Springer; 2014, p. 127–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer Treatment Reviews.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. Engineers Have Invented A “Tricorder” That Could Detect Cancer. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/engineers-have-invented-tricorder-star-trek/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Competition: International Aviation Alliances and the Influence of Airline Marketing Practices. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Jin H. Periodic Motions and Bifurcation Tree in a Periodically Excited Duffing Oscillator with Time-delay. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
[1]
Poniewozik J. Inauguration Watch: Mr. Reality TV Goes to Washington. New York Times 2017:A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer Treatment Reviews
AbbreviationCancer Treat. Rev.
ISSN (print)0305-7372
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Oncology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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