How to format your references using the Cancer Treatment Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer Treatment Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Goldston D. A debatable proposition. Nature 2008;451:621.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Long T, Wyse S. IBI series winner. A season for inquiry: investigating phenology in local campus trees. Science 2012;335:932–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Zhang Z-Y, Sun K-D, Wang S-Q. Enhanced community structure detection in complex networks with partial background information. Sci Rep 2013;3:3241.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Johnson N, Zhao G, Hunsader E, Qi H, Johnson N, Meng J, et al. Abrupt rise of new machine ecology beyond human response time. Sci Rep 2013;3:2627.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Hagen J. Chemiereaktoren. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2017.
An edited book
[1]
Atef M. Optoelectronic Circuits in Nanometer CMOS Technology. vol. 55. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Larco N, Kelsey K, West A. Project Retrofits. In: Kelsey K, West A, editors. Site Design for Multifamily Housing: Creating Livable, Connected Neighborhoods, Washington, DC: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics; 2014, p. 77–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer Treatment Reviews.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Water Vapour Discovered In The Atmosphere Of Neptune-Sized Exoplanet. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/space/neptune-sized-exoplanet-has-clear-skies-and-water-vapor-atmosphere/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Child Care and Early Childhood Education: More Information Sharing and Program Review by HHS Could Enhance Access for Families with Limited English Proficiency. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Medina LM. Living with Global Shocks: Examining the Responses of Firms and Governments. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Vecsey G. With Memories Entrenched, a Hallowed Site Plows Forward. New York Times 2014:SP5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer Treatment Reviews
AbbreviationCancer Treat. Rev.
ISSN (print)0305-7372
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Oncology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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