How to format your references using the Cancer Treatment Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer Treatment Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Eisenstein M. Microarrays: quality control. Nature 2006;442:1067–70.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Svenning J-C, Condit R. Ecology. Biodiversity in a warmer world. Science 2008;322:206–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Schieber J, Southard J, Thaisen K. Accretion of mudstone beds from migrating floccule ripples. Science 2007;318:1760–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Žitnik M, Janjić V, Larminie C, Zupan B, Pržulj N. Discovering disease-disease associations by fusing systems-level molecular data. Sci Rep 2013;3:3202.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Walkenbach J. Excel® VBA Programming For Dummies®. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Russo MV, editor. Advances in Macromolecules: Perspectives and Applications. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Harvey A, Pasieka JL. Sporadic Medullary Thyroid Cancer. In: Sturgeon C, editor. Endocrine Neoplasia, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010, p. 57–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer Treatment Reviews.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. More Hints From CERN On Why The Universe Is Made Of Matter. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/physics/more-hints-from-cern-on-why-the-universe-is-made-of-matter/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Laboratory Accreditation: Requirements Vary Throughout the Federal Government. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Gardner RD. A time course analysis of stem cell activity following brain injury in food-storing black-capped chickadees (Poecile atricapillus). Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Tappin B, Van Der Leer L, Mckay R. Your Opinion Is Set in Stone. New York Times 2017:SR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer Treatment Reviews
AbbreviationCancer Treat. Rev.
ISSN (print)0305-7372
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Oncology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles