How to format your references using the Journal of Virology citation style
This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Virology (JVI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.
Using reference management software
Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:
The citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
The style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.
Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.
Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.
A journal article with 1 author
Majumdar A. 2004. Materials science. Thermoelectricity in semiconductor nanostructures. Science 303:777–778.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fitoussi C, Bourdon B. 2012. Silicon isotope evidence against an enstatite chondrite Earth. Science 335:1477–1480.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ben-David O, Cohen G, Fineberg J. 2010. The dynamics of the onset of frictional slip. Science 330:211–214.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Takasaki T, Hatakeyama K, Suzuki G, Watanabe M, Isogai A, Hinata K. 2000. The S receptor kinase determines self-incompatibility in Brassica stigma. Nature 403:913–916.
Books and book chapters
Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.
An authored book
Picard F, Tanguy C. 2016. Innovations and Techno-ecological Transition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
2010. Microbial Mats: Modern and Ancient Microorganisms in Stratified Systems. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Clover DE, Jayme B de O, Hall BL, Follen S. 2013. The Praxis of Environmental Adult Education, p. 43–88. In Jayme, B de O, Hall, BL, Follen, S (eds.), The Nature of Transformation: Environmental Adult Education. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Virology.
Taub B. 2016. Zombie Genes That Wake Up After You Die Could Help To Predict Time Of Death. IFLScience. IFLScience.
This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle: DOD Is Addressing Knowledge Gaps in Its New Acquisition Strategy [Reissued on August 13, 2012]. GAO-12-822. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.
Theses and dissertations
Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.
Tickner A. 2009. Production and consumption at the hillfort site of Mont Dardon, France: An archeobotanical analysis. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.
News paper articles
Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Somaiya R. 2015. Reporters in Las Vegas Try to Crack Case of Who Really Owns Their Newspaper. New York Times.
References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:
This sentence cites one reference (1). This sentence cites two references (1, 2). This sentence cites four references (1–4).