How to format your references using the Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barker PA. Atmospheric science. The monsoon’s past. Science. 2007 Jun 1;316(5829):1295–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
MacLeod DA, Morse AP. Visualizing the uncertainty in the relationship between seasonal average climate and malaria risk. Sci Rep. 2014 Dec 2;4:7264.
A journal article with 3 authors
Walker J, Cliff RA, Latham AG. U-Pb isotopic age of the StW 573 hominid from Sterkfontein, South Africa. Science. 2006 Dec 8;314(5805):1592–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lorimer DR, Bailes M, McLaughlin MA, Narkevic DJ, Crawford F. A bright millisecond radio burst of extragalactic origin. Science. 2007 Nov 2;318(5851):777–80.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dacey JS, Mack MD, Fiore LB. Your Anxious Child. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Giannoccaro I, editor. Behavioral Issues in Operations Management: New Trends in Design, Management, and Methodologies. London: Springer; 2013. XII, 241 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Jagode H, YarKhan A, Danalis A, Dongarra J. Power Management and Event Verification in PAPI. In: Knüpfer A, Hilbrich T, Niethammer C, Gracia J, Nagel WE, Resch MM, editors. Tools for High Performance Computing 2015: Proceedings of the 9th International Workshop on Parallel Tools for High Performance Computing, September 2015, Dresden, Germany. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 41–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health.

Blog post
Andrew E. Do Whales Commit Suicide? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. High-Speed Passenger Rail: Preliminary Assessment of California’s Cost Estimates and Other Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Dec. Report No.: GAO-13-163T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Borisova-Kidder A. Meta-Analytical Estimates of Values of Environmental Services Enhanced by Government Agricultural Conservation Programs [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. Lake Placid It Isn’t: Ferries’ Wakes Stir Up a Fuss. New York Times. 2003 May 11;145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Paediatrics and Child Health
AbbreviationJ. Paediatr. Child Health
ISSN (print)1034-4810
ISSN (online)1440-1754
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles