How to format your references using the Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
West R. Chemistry. Japan bats a triple. Science. 2004 Sep 17;305(5691):1724–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Rohwer F, Thurber RV. Viruses manipulate the marine environment. Nature. 2009 May 14;459(7244):207–12.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Powner MW, Gerland B, Sutherland JD. Synthesis of activated pyrimidine ribonucleotides in prebiotically plausible conditions. Nature. 2009 May 14;459(7244):239–42.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Ainla A, Gözen I, Hakonen B, Jesorka A. Lab on a Biomembrane: rapid prototyping and manipulation of 2D fluidic lipid bilayers circuits. Sci Rep. 2013 Sep 25;3:2743.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Krichen S, Chaouachi J. Graph-Related Optimization and Decision Support Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Bastolla U, Porto M, Roman HE, Vendruscolo M, editors. Structural Approaches to Sequence Evolution: Molecules, Networks, Populations. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. XIX, 367 p. (Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Mastrolia P, Rigoli M, Setti AG. A priori estimates. In: Rigoli M, Setti AG, editors. Yamabe-type Equations on Complete, Noncompact Manifolds. Basel: Springer; 2012. p. 105–25.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Researchers Discover New Technique For Identifying Rare Stem Cells in Bone Marrow [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/researchers-discover-new-technique-identifying-rare-stem-cells-bone-marrow/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. International Space Station: Challenges to Increased Utilization May Affect Return on Investment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015 Jul. Report No.: GAO-15-722T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Simon JT. Classification of Mechanical and Electrical Response of High Performance Fiber Reinforced-Geopolymer Composites (HPFR-GPC) [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K. Bronze Star: Gregg LeFevre Is the City’s Busiest Public Sculptor. New York Times. 2003 Feb 16;148.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Paediatrics and Child Health
AbbreviationJ. Paediatr. Child Health
ISSN (print)1034-4810
ISSN (online)1440-1754
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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