How to format your references using the Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Azoulay P. Research efficiency: Turn the scientific method on ourselves. Nature. 2012 Apr 4;484(7392):31–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Izawa D, Pines J. The mitotic checkpoint complex binds a second CDC20 to inhibit active APC/C. Nature. 2015 Jan 29;517(7536):631–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Wu L-A, Segal D, Brumer P. No-go theorem for ground state cooling given initial system-thermal bath factorization. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1824.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Wang H, Wang J, Jiang J, Chen S, Guan Z, Liao Y, et al. Reference genes for normalizing transcription in diploid and tetraploid Arabidopsis. Sci Rep. 2014 Oct 27;4:6781.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Wagner D. Trading ETFs. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Pereira MF, Shulika O, editors. Terahertz and Mid Infrared Radiation: Generation, Detection and Applications. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. XXVIII, 202 p. (NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Rich SJ. Interdisciplinary Learning: A Stimulant for Reflective Practice. In: Chhem RK, Hibbert KM, Deven TV, editors. Radiology Education: The Scholarship of Teaching and Learning. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 51–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. No, The CDC Did Not Apologize And Say The Flu Vaccine Doesn’t Work. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Highway Safety: Federal and State Efforts Related to Accidents That Involve Non-Commercial Vehicles Carrying Unsecured Loads. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Nov. Report No.: GAO-13-24.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Luscinski A. Best Practices in Adult Online Learning [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Walsh MW. Puerto Rico Revises Plan to Reduce Debt as Optimism Dwindles. New York Times. 2016 Jan 19;B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Paediatrics and Child Health
AbbreviationJ. Paediatr. Child Health
ISSN (print)1034-4810
ISSN (online)1440-1754
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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