How to format your references using the Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carpenter BK. Chemistry. Taking the high road and getting there before you. Science. 2011 Jun 10;332(6035):1269–70.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brewer PG, Peltzer ET. OCEANS. Limits to marine life. Science. 2009 Apr 17;324(5925):347–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Spradling A, Drummond-Barbosa D, Kai T. Stem cells find their niche. Nature. 2001 Nov 1;414(6859):98–104.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chen S-T, Lin Y-L, Huang M-T, Wu M-F, Cheng S-C, Lei H-Y, et al. CLEC5A is critical for dengue-virus-induced lethal disease. Nature. 2008 May 29;453(7195):672–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grist F. Basic Guide to Orthodontic Dental Nursing. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
Fletcher L, editor. Popular Fiction and Spatiality: Reading Genre Settings. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016. XIX, 220 p. 2 illus., 1 illus. in color. (Geocriticism and Spatial Literary Studies).
A chapter in an edited book
Sanz AG, Sebastianelli F, Gianturco FA. Following Resonant Compound States after Electron Attachment. In: García Gómez-Tejedor G, Fuss MC, editors. Radiation Damage in Biomolecular Systems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. p. 71–86. (Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health.

Blog post
Andrew E. New Potential Driver Of Alzheimer’s Discovered [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Bureau of Indian Affairs Should Do More to Help Educate Indian Students. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977 Nov. Report No.: HRD-77-155.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rayford S. A Qualitative Analysis of Mentoring Experiences and Perceptions of Female Students Enrolled in a Doctoral Program in Education at a Midwestern University [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Senate Report Says Caterpillar Used Swiss Subsidiary to Reduce Taxes. New York Times. 2014 Apr 1;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Paediatrics and Child Health
AbbreviationJ. Paediatr. Child Health
ISSN (print)1034-4810
ISSN (online)1440-1754
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles