How to format your references using the Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Tegmark M. Measuring spacetime: from the big bang to black holes. Science. 2002 May 24;296(5572):1427–33.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bennett CH, Shor PW. Computers and mathematics. Quantum channel capacities. Science. 2004 Mar 19;303(5665):1784–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Senghas A, Kita S, Ozyürek A. Children creating core properties of language: evidence from an emerging sign language in Nicaragua. Science. 2004 Sep 17;305(5691):1779–82.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Taniguchi-Ikeda M, Kobayashi K, Kanagawa M, Yu C-C, Mori K, Oda T, et al. Pathogenic exon-trapping by SVA retrotransposon and rescue in Fukuyama muscular dystrophy. Nature. 2011 Oct 5;478(7367):127–31.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Vaccari DA, Strom PF, Alleman JE. Environmental Biology for Engineers and Scientists. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Pavlou G, Ahmed T, Dagiuklas T, editors. Management of Converged Multimedia Networks and Services: 11th IFIP/IEEE International Conference on Management of Multimedia and Mobile Networks and Services, MMNS 2008, Samos Island, Greece, September 22-26, 2008. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. XII, 174 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 5274).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Suoranta S, Andrade A, Aura T. Strong Authentication with Mobile Phone. In: Gollmann D, Freiling FC, editors. Information Security: 15th International Conference, ISC 2012, Passau, Germany, September 19-21, 2012 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 70–85. (Hutchison D, Kanade T, Kittler J, Kleinberg JM, Mattern F, Mitchell JC, et al., editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Victimized Birds Fight Back Against Parasitic Cuckoos. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Review Of Reliability Of The Air Force Personnel Data System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1968 Jul. Report No.: B-164471.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gaines M. Perceptions of knowledge sharing within hybrid learning environments: As iron sharpens iron among graduate students [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. Rodriguez Stands Alone, and That’s a Good Thing. New York Times. 2010 Feb 26;B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Paediatrics and Child Health
AbbreviationJ. Paediatr. Child Health
ISSN (print)1034-4810
ISSN (online)1440-1754
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles