How to format your references using the Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Anbar AD. Oceans. Elements and evolution. Science. 2008 Dec 5;322(5907):1481–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Solomon JH, Hartmann MJ. Biomechanics: robotic whiskers used to sense features. Nature. 2006 Oct 5;443(7111):525.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Brohawn SG, del Mármol J, MacKinnon R. Crystal structure of the human K2P TRAAK, a lipid- and mechano-sensitive K+ ion channel. Science. 2012 Jan 27;335(6067):436–41.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Cox PM, Betts RA, Jones CD, Spall SA, Totterdell IJ. Acceleration of global warming due to carbon-cycle feedbacks in a coupled climate model. Nature. 2000 Nov 9;408(6809):184–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Wei J. Great Inventions that Changed the World. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Tsaoussidis V, Kassler AJ, Koucheryavy Y, Mellouk A, editors. Wired/Wireless Internet Communication: 11th International Conference, WWIC 2013, St. Petersburg, Russia, June 5-7, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. XII, 277 p. 145 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 7889).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Zhang X, Dong H, Tian Y. miRNA Electrochemical Detection. In: Dong H, Tian Y, editors. MicroRNA Detection and Pathological Functions. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015. p. 37–56. (SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Ecotourism Could Be Making Animals Less Scared, And Easier To Eat. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. National Airspace System: Observations on American Airlines’ 1997 Study of Future Air Traffic Congestion. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Jan. Report No.: RCED-99-66R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Zhao J. Contextual Differential Item Functioning: Examining the Validity of Teaching Self-Efficacy Instruments Using Hierarchical Generalized Linear Modeling [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Kolomatsky M. How Much You Need to Make. New York Times. 2017 Jun 23;RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Paediatrics and Child Health
AbbreviationJ. Paediatr. Child Health
ISSN (print)1034-4810
ISSN (online)1440-1754
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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