How to format your references using the Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Endy D. Genomics. Reconstruction of the genomes. Science. 2008 Feb 29;319(5867):1196–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fine M, Tchernov D. Scleractinian coral species survive and recover from decalcification. Science. 2007 Mar 30;315(5820):1811.
A journal article with 3 authors
Asphaug E, Agnor CB, Williams Q. Hit-and-run planetary collisions. Nature. 2006 Jan 12;439(7073):155–60.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lu J, Zhong J, Tang Y, Huang T, Cao J, Kurths J. Synchronization in output-coupled temporal Boolean networks. Sci Rep. 2014 Sep 5;4:6292.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Danby FW. Acne. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Reif K, editor. Automotive Mechatronics: Automotive Networking, Driving Stability Systems, Electronics. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden; 2015. X, 538 p. 657 illus. (Bosch Professional Automotive Information).
A chapter in an edited book
Kreuzer M, Robbiano L. Computing Primary and Maximal Components. In: Robbiano L, editor. Computational Linear and Commutative Algebra. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 185–242.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health.

Blog post
Andrew E. 7th Grader Builds Braille Printer From Lego [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. VA Student Financial Aid: Actions Needed to Reduce Overlap in Approval Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Apr. Report No.: GAO-07-775T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Washburn SJ. The Epiphytic Macrolichens of the Greater Cincinnati, Ohio, Metropolitan Area [Doctoral dissertation]. [Cincinnati, OH]: University of Cincinnati; 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Donadio R. Russian Artist to Seek Asylum in France. New York Times. 2017 Jan 17;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Paediatrics and Child Health
AbbreviationJ. Paediatr. Child Health
ISSN (print)1034-4810
ISSN (online)1440-1754
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles