How to format your references using the Macromolecules citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Macromolecules. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Munro, M. The Hijacked Brain. Nature 2015, 522 (7557), S46-7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Allen, M. R.; Stainforth, D. A. Towards Objective Probabalistic Climate Forecasting. Nature 2002, 419 (6903), 228.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lightowlers, R. N.; Taylor, R. W.; Turnbull, D. M. Mutations Causing Mitochondrial Disease: What Is New and What Challenges Remain? Science 2015, 349 (6255), 1494–1499.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
De Luca, A.; Caraveo, P. A.; Mereghetti, S.; Tiengo, A.; Bignami, G. F. A Long-Period, Violently Variable X-Ray Source in a Young Supernova Remnant. Science 2006, 313 (5788), 814–817.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kääriäinen, T.; Cameron, D.; Kääriäinen, M.-L.; Sherman, A. Atomic Layer Deposition; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
Human-Centered Visualization Environments: GI-Dagstuhl Research Seminar, Dagstuhl Castle, Germany, March 5-8, 2006, Revised Lectures; Kerren, A., Ebert, A., Meyer, J., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007; Vol. 4417.
A chapter in an edited book
Moschner, B.; Anschuetz, A.; Wernke, S.; Wagener, U. Measurement of Epistemological Beliefs and Learning Strategies of Elementary School Children. In Knowing, Knowledge and Beliefs: Epistemological Studies across Diverse Cultures; Khine, M. S., Ed.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2008; pp 113–133.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Macromolecules.

Blog post
Andrew, D. Investing In Science Can Help Put Food On Africa’s Plates. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. School Finance: Per-Pupil Spending Differences between Selected Inner City and Suburban Schools Varied by Metropolitan Area; GAO-03-234; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fine, J. G. Magical Transformation or Illusion of Grandeur: The Development of Downtown West Palm Beach, 1985-2015. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. A Puerto Rican Utility Makes Progress Toward a Debt Deal. New York Times. December 25, 2015, p B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMacromolecules
ISSN (print)0024-9297
ISSN (online)1520-5835
ScopeInorganic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Materials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

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