How to format your references using the Macromolecules citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Macromolecules. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Serhan, C. N. Pro-Resolving Lipid Mediators Are Leads for Resolution Physiology. Nature 2014, 510 (7503), 92–101.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nair, S.; Schilling, T. F. Chemokine Signaling Controls Endodermal Migration during Zebrafish Gastrulation. Science 2008, 322 (5898), 89–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gächter, S.; Renner, E.; Sefton, M. The Long-Run Benefits of Punishment. Science 2008, 322 (5907), 1510.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lu, J.; Sherman, D.; Devor, M.; Saper, C. B. A Putative Flip-Flop Switch for Control of REM Sleep. Nature 2006, 441 (7093), 589–594.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Diab, W. W.; Frazier, H. M. Ethernet in the First Mile; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
Chen, J. Research Report on Corporate Social Responsibility of China; Huang, Q., Peng, H., Zhong, H., Eds.; Current Chinese Economic Report Series; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Hollander, Y. Is Verification Getting Too Complex? In Hardware and Software: Verification and Testing: 4th International Haifa Verification Conference, HVC 2008, Haifa, Israel, October 27-30, 2008. Proceedings; Chockler, H., Hu, A. J., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009; pp 4–4.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Macromolecules.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 15 Relationship Facts Everybody Should Know Before Getting Married (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Tax Systems Modernization: Status of Planning and Technical Foundation; T-AIMD/GGD-94-104; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson, L. A. An Exploratory Study of the Impact of School-Wide Positive Behavior Support on Bullying. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. Remembering the Phonograph. New York Times. July 3, 2015, p C22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMacromolecules
ISSN (print)0024-9297
ISSN (online)1520-5835
ScopeInorganic Chemistry
Organic Chemistry
Materials Chemistry
Polymers and Plastics

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