How to format your references using the Dialectical Anthropology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dialectical Anthropology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reich, Eugenie Samuel. 2011. Online reputations: Best face forward. Nature 473: 138–139.
A journal article with 2 authors
Casasanto, Daniel, and Peter Gordon. 2005. Crying “Whorf.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 307: 1721–1722.
A journal article with 3 authors
Allen, M., S. Raper, and J. Mitchell. 2001. Climate change. Uncertainty in the IPCC’s Third Assessment Report. Science (New York, N.Y.) 293: 430–433.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gachet, Y., S. Tournier, J. B. Millar, and J. S. Hyams. 2001. A MAP kinase-dependent actin checkpoint ensures proper spindle orientation in fission yeast. Nature 412: 352–355.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rouse, William B. 2016. Universities as Complex Enterprises. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Vincent, Jean-Louis, ed. 2006. Yearbook of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine. Vol. 2006. Yearbook of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ventosa, Antonio, Encarnacion Mellado, Cristina Sanchez-Porro, and M. Carmen Marquez. 2008. Halophilic and Halotolerant Micro-Organisms from Soils. In Microbiology of Extreme Soils, ed. Patrice Dion and Chandra Shekhar Nautiyal, 87–115. Soil Biology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dialectical Anthropology.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. Origin Of Modern Lions Discovered. IFLScience. IFLScience. April 3.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Space Station: Estimated Total U.S. Funding Requirements. NSIAD-95-163. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Azios, Michael. 2017. The College Experience of Stuttering: An Ethnographic Study. Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, Linda F. 2007. After 63 Years, A Boardwalk Is Back. New York Times, July 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reich 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Casasanto and Gordon 2005; Reich 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Casasanto and Gordon 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Gachet et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleDialectical Anthropology
AbbreviationDialect. Anthropol.
ISSN (print)0304-4092
ISSN (online)1573-0786
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Sociology and Political Science

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