How to format your references using the Dialectical Anthropology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dialectical Anthropology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, Paul. 2004. Bricks and mortar. Switzerland switches on supercomputers. Nature 429: 326.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reichmanis, Elsa, and Omkaram Nalamasu. 2002. Applied physics. Testing the limits for resists. Science (New York, N.Y.) 297: 349–350.
A journal article with 3 authors
Howat, Ian M., Ian Joughin, and Ted A. Scambos. 2007. Rapid changes in ice discharge from Greenland outlet glaciers. Science (New York, N.Y.) 315: 1559–1561.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Sutton, Michael A., Nicholas R. Wall, Girish N. Aakalu, and Erin M. Schuman. 2004. Regulation of dendritic protein synthesis by miniature synaptic events. Science (New York, N.Y.) 304: 1979–1983.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gauthier, Michaël, Nicolas Andreff, and Etienne Dombre. 2014. Intracorporeal Robotics. Hoboken, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tseng, Vincent S., Tu Bao Ho, Zhi-Hua Zhou, Arbee L. P. Chen, and Hung-Yu Kao, ed. 2014. Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: 18th Pacific-Asia Conference, PAKDD 2014, Tainan, Taiwan, May 13-16, 2014. Proceedings, Part II. Vol. 8444. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Morschett, Dirk, Hanna Schramm-Klein, and Joachim Zentes. 2009. Motives for Internationalisation. In Strategic International Management: Text and Cases, ed. Hanna Schramm-Klein and Joachim Zentes, 71–91. Wiesbaden: Gabler.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dialectical Anthropology.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. A New Way To Test Your ‘Biological’ Age. IFLScience. IFLScience. September 8.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2015. School Nutrition: USDA Has Efforts Underway to Help Address Ongoing Challenges Implementing Changes in Nutrition Standards. GAO-15-656. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hoefer, Peter D. 2010. A David against Goliath: The American veterans committee’s challenge to the American legion in the 1950s. Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2015. A New York Icon Who Shone Just Outside the Bright Lights. New York Times, January 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Reichmanis and Nalamasu 2002; Smaglik 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reichmanis and Nalamasu 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Sutton et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleDialectical Anthropology
AbbreviationDialect. Anthropol.
ISSN (print)0304-4092
ISSN (online)1573-0786
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles