How to format your references using the Journal of Veterinary Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Veterinary Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Patenaude, G., 2010. Climate class for business schools. Nature 466, 30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tanaka, M., Lisberger, S.G., 2001. Regulation of the gain of visually guided smooth-pursuit eye movements by frontal cortex. Nature 409, 191–194.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mlynarski, S.N., Schuster, C.H., Morken, J.P., 2014. Asymmetric synthesis from terminal alkenes by cascades of diboration and cross-coupling. Nature 505, 386–390.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tomioka, H., Iwamoto, E., Itakura, H., Hirai, K., 2001. Generation and characterization of a fairly stable triplet carbene. Nature 412, 626–628.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mastro, M., 2013. Financial Derivative and Energy Market Valuation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Abraham, A., Grosan, C., Ishibuchi, H. (Eds.), 2007. Hybrid Evolutionary Algorithms, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Xin, X., Liu, Y., 2014. Pendubot, in: Liu, Y. (Ed.), Control Design and Analysis for Underactuated Robotic Systems. Springer, London, pp. 95–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Veterinary Behavior.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Dogs Dream Of You While Cats Dream Of Death [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. FCC: Non-Voice, Non-Geostationary Mobile Satellite Service (No. OGC-98-11). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zacher, B., 2013. The roles of electrode contacts in organic photovoltaics (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2017. What the Old House Hid. New York Times RE1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Patenaude, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Patenaude, 2010; Tanaka and Lisberger, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tanaka and Lisberger, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Tomioka et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Veterinary Behavior
AbbreviationJ. Vet. Behav.
ISSN (print)1558-7878
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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