How to format your references using the Journal of Veterinary Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Veterinary Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marshak, M.P., 2015. My trek back to science. Science 349, 1406.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schink, B., Friedrich, M., 2000. Phosphite oxidation by sulphate reduction. Nature 406, 37.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, A.M., Tingen, C.M., Woodruff, T.K., 2010. Sex bias in trials and treatment must end. Nature 465, 688–689.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kim, K.-C., Reed, C.A., Elliott, D.W., Mueller, L.J., Tham, F., Lin, L., Lambert, J.B., 2002. Crystallographic evidence for a free silylium ion. Science 297, 825–827.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minoli, D., 2012. Mobile Video with Mobile IPv6. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Scerri, E., McIntyre, L. (Eds.), 2015. Philosophy of Chemistry: Growth of a New Discipline, Boston Studies in the Philosophy and History of Science. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Hwang, L.C., Hohlbein, J., Holden, S.J., Kapanidis, A.N., 2009. Single-Molecule FRET: Methods and Biological Applications, in: Hinterdorfer, P., Oijen, A. (Eds.), Handbook of Single-Molecule Biophysics. Springer US, New York, NY, pp. 129–163.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Veterinary Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Bee Battles: Why Our Native Pollinators Are Losing The War [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1971. Review of the Policies and Procedures of the Office of Education in Administering Contracts Awarded for the Purpose of Studying or Evaluating Educational Programs (No. B-164031(1)). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arguello, I.M., 2010. Circle of Sisters summer program: A grant-writing project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2012. Head of Russian Church Says Leaders Must Listen to Protests. New York Times A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marshak, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Marshak, 2015; Schink and Friedrich, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schink and Friedrich, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Veterinary Behavior
AbbreviationJ. Vet. Behav.
ISSN (print)1558-7878
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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