How to format your references using the Journal of Veterinary Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Veterinary Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pellegrino, J.W., 2013. Proficiency in science: assessment challenges and opportunities. Science 340, 320–323.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stephens, D.J., Allan, V.J., 2003. Light microscopy techniques for live cell imaging. Science 300, 82–86.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang, L., Treisman, A., Pashler, H., 2007. Characterizing the limits of human visual awareness. Science 317, 823–825.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schroeter, H., Holt, R.R., Orozco, T.J., Schmitz, H.H., Keen, C.L., 2003. Nutrition: milk and absorption of dietary flavanols. Nature 426, 787–8; discussion 788.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwedt, G., 2013. Experimente rund um die Kunststoffe des Alltags. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Marks, J.M., Dunkin, B.J. (Eds.), 2013. Principles of Flexible Endoscopy for Surgeons. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Gill, I.S., 2006. Laparoscopic Surgery for Renal Cell Carcinoma, in: Novick, A.C., Stephen Jones, J., Gill, I.S., Klein, E.A., Rackley, R., Ross, J.H. (Eds.), Operative Urology at the Cleveland Clinic. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 51–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Veterinary Behavior.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017. Enormous Gas Cloud Was The Largest Structure In The Universe Over 11 Billion Years Ago [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Comments on Recent GAO Report on its Enterprise Architecture Efforts (No. GAO-04-190R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cuthbertson, T.H., 2014. The fool’s replies: Toward a poetics of folly in Shakespeare’s comedies (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Dominus, S., 2016. Something Was Wrong. New York Times BR12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pellegrino, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Pellegrino, 2013; Stephens and Allan, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stephens and Allan, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Schroeter et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Veterinary Behavior
AbbreviationJ. Vet. Behav.
ISSN (print)1558-7878
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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