How to format your references using the Journal of Veterinary Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Veterinary Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Quéré, Y., 2010. Retrospective. Georges Charpak (1924-2010). Science 330, 604.
A journal article with 2 authors
Barth, C., Reichling, M., 2001. Imaging the atomic arrangements on the high-temperature reconstructed alpha-Al2O3(0001) surface. Nature 414, 54–57.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lu, D., Searles, M.A., Klug, A., 2003. Crystal structure of a zinc-finger-RNA complex reveals two modes of molecular recognition. Nature 426, 96–100.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Miquel, C., Paz, J.P., Saraceno, M., Knill, E., Laflamme, R., Negrevergne, C., 2002. Interpretation of tomography and spectroscopy as dual forms of quantum computation. Nature 418, 59–62.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morocco, C.C., Aguilar, C.M., Bershad, C., Kotula, A.W., Hindin, A., 2008. Supported Literacy for Adolescents. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, USA.
An edited book
Shih, H., 2013. English Writings of Hu Shih: Chinese Philosophy and Intellectual History (Volume 2), China Academic Library. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Gerhard, O., Wegg, C., 2015. The Galactic Bar, in: Freeman, K., Elmegreen, B., Block, D., Woolway, M. (Eds.), Lessons from the Local Group: A Conference in Honour of David Block and Bruce Elmegreen. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 43–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Veterinary Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. The Science of Naming New Discoveries [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Schools And Libraries Program: Actions Taken to Improve Operational Procedures Prior to Committing Funds (No. RCED-99-51). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Caballero Suarez, O.L., 2008. Effects of ion correlations in high density plasmas: Neutrino scattering and transport properties in supernovae and neutron star crusts (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J., 2017. As E.U.’s Roster Swells, So Does Linguistic Burden. New York Times A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Quéré, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Barth and Reichling, 2001; Quéré, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Barth and Reichling, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Miquel et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Veterinary Behavior
AbbreviationJ. Vet. Behav.
ISSN (print)1558-7878
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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