How to format your references using the Journal of Veterinary Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Veterinary Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mercader, J., 2009. Mozambican grass seed consumption during the Middle Stone Age. Science 326, 1680–1683.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kahane, G., Shackel, N., 2008. Do abnormal responses show utilitarian bias? Nature 452, E5; author reply E5-6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thürmer, K., Williams, E., Reutt-Robey, J., 2002. Autocatalytic oxidation of lead crystallite surfaces. Science 297, 2033–2035.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Guo, H., Mockler, T., Duong, H., Lin, C., 2001. SUB1, an Arabidopsis Ca2+-binding protein involved in cryptochrome and phytochrome coaction. Science 291, 487–490.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hübschmann, H.-J., 2015. Handbook of GC-MS. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
McTiernan, A. (Ed.), 2011. Physical Activity, Dietary Calorie Restriction, and Cancer, Energy Balance and Cancer. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Piechurska-Kuciel, E., 2016. Polish Adolescents’ Perceptions of English and Their Desire to Learn It, in: Gałajda, D., Zakrajewski, P., Pawlak, M. (Eds.), Researching Second Language Learning and Teaching from a Psycholinguistic Perspective: Studies in Honour of Danuta Gabryś-Barker, Second Language Learning and Teaching. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 37–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Veterinary Behavior.

Blog post
Evans, K., 2016. New Protection For Rosewood, The World’s Most Trafficked Wild Item [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Science and Technology: Information on Federal Programs and Interagency Efforts That Support Small Businesses Engaged in Manufacturing (No. GAO-07-714). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wolodkowicz, R., 2008. Leadership qualities and employee-student future intentions (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gelles, D., de la MERCED, M.J., 2017. Staples to Sell for $6.9 Billion, and Its New Owner Has an Uphill Battle. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mercader, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Mercader, 2009, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kahane and Shackel, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Guo et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Veterinary Behavior
AbbreviationJ. Vet. Behav.
ISSN (print)1558-7878
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

Other styles