How to format your references using the Journal of Veterinary Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Veterinary Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marec, F., 2014. Developmental genetics: Female silkworms have the sex factor. Nature 509, 570–571.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vecchi, G.A., Villarini, G., 2014. Atmosphere. Next season’s hurricanes. Science 343, 618–619.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wilson, R.I., Turner, G.C., Laurent, G., 2004. Transformation of olfactory representations in the Drosophila antennal lobe. Science 303, 366–370.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sigel, R., Fytas, G., Vainos, N., Pispas, S., Hadjichristidis, N., 2002. Pattern formation in homogeneous polymer solutions induced by a continuous-wave visible laser. Science 297, 67–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ketring, K.L., Glaze, M.B., 2012. Atlas of Feline Ophthalmology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Swiątek, J., Grzech, A., Swiątek, P., Tomczak, J.M. (Eds.), 2014. Advances in Systems Science: Proceedings of the International Conference on Systems Science 2013 (ICSS 2013), Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Ogata, T., Kawashima, N., Nakazawa, K., Akai, M., 2011. Molecular and Electrophysiological Approaches for Functional Recovery in Patients with Injured Spinal Cord, in: Kansaku, K., Cohen, L.G. (Eds.), Systems Neuroscience and Rehabilitation. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp. 69–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Veterinary Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Bitter Coffee Today? Try Changing The Colour Of Your Cup [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Wallop-Breaux Trust Fund (No. T-RCED-88-38). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boothe, C.S., 2012. The effects of prototype medium on the user’s overall perception of usability and ability to detect usability flaws (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dynarski, S., 2015. To Gain a College Student, Eliminate a Form. New York Times BU6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marec, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Marec, 2014; Vecchi and Villarini, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vecchi and Villarini, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Sigel et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Veterinary Behavior
AbbreviationJ. Vet. Behav.
ISSN (print)1558-7878
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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