How to format your references using the Journal of Veterinary Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Veterinary Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maddox, J., 2000. Positioning the goalposts. Nature 403, 139.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bhalerao, S., Clandinin, T.R., 2012. Cell biology. Vitamin K2 takes charge. Science 336, 1241–1242.
A journal article with 3 authors
Van Hoof, C., Baert, K., Witvrouw, A., 2004. Physics. The best materials for tiny, clever sensors. Science 306, 986–987.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Himeno, M., Kitazawa, Y., Yoshida, T., Maejima, K., Yamaji, Y., Oshima, K., Namba, S., 2014. Purple top symptoms are associated with reduction of leaf cell death in phytoplasma-infected plants. Sci. Rep. 4, 4111.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liebhart, R., Chandramouli, D., Wong, C., Merkel, J., 2015. LTE for Public Safety. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Jaafar, A., Mohamad Ali, N., Mohd Noah, S.A., Smeaton, A.F., Bruza, P., Bakar, Z.A., Jamil, N., Sembok, T.M.T. (Eds.), 2014. Information Retrieval Technology: 10th Asia Information Retrieval Societies Conference, AIRS 2014, Kuching, Malaysia, December 3-5, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Pronzato, L., Pázman, A., 2013. Local Optimality Criteria Based on Asymptotic Normality, in: Pázman, A. (Ed.), Design of Experiments in Nonlinear Models: Asymptotic Normality, Optimality Criteria and Small-Sample Properties, Lecture Notes in Statistics. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 105–165.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Veterinary Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Only A Small Portion of Human Genome Drives Evolution [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1985. Evaluation of Army’s Mobile Subscriber Equipment Program (No. NSIAD-85-117). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wood, E.D., 2017. A Study of the Effect of Grouping Students and Results on the Ohio Achievement Assessment for Reading (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2014. Detroit’s Plan to Profit on Its Water, by Selling to Its Neighbors, Looks Half Empty. New York Times A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Maddox, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bhalerao and Clandinin, 2012; Maddox, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bhalerao and Clandinin, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Himeno et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Veterinary Behavior
AbbreviationJ. Vet. Behav.
ISSN (print)1558-7878
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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