How to format your references using the Journal of Veterinary Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Veterinary Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fray, D., 2013. Metallurgy: iron production electrified. Nature 497, 324–325.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trimble, S.W., Crosson, P., 2000. LAND USE: U.S. Soil Erosion Rates--Myth and Reality. Science 289, 248–250.
A journal article with 3 authors
Matsumoto, M., Saito, S., Ohmine, I., 2002. Molecular dynamics simulation of the ice nucleation and growth process leading to water freezing. Nature 416, 409–413.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hoopengardner, B., Bhalla, T., Staber, C., Reenan, R., 2003. Nervous system targets of RNA editing identified by comparative genomics. Science 301, 832–836.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nazarov, V.E., Radostin, A.V., 2014. Nonlinear Acoustic Waves in Micro-inhomogeneous Solids. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Westin, C.-F., Vilanova, A., Burgeth, B. (Eds.), 2014. Visualization and Processing of Tensors and Higher Order Descriptors for Multi-Valued Data, Mathematics and Visualization. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Swearer, R., Hillen, V., Bertola, P., 2016. A New Kind of University, in: Banerjee, B., Ceri, S. (Eds.), Creating Innovation Leaders: A Global Perspective, Understanding Innovation. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 81–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Veterinary Behavior.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Smell Receptors In Lungs Could Hold Key To Treating Asthma [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Vocational Rehabilitation: Improved Federal Leadership Could Help States Focus Services on Those With Severe Handicaps (No. T-HRD-91-10). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hatcher, R., 2012. Guide to improvisation for Mozart’s serenade in Bb Major, K. 361, the “Gran Partita” (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. Returning to Broadway on Heavier Wings. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fray, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Fray, 2013; Trimble and Crosson, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Trimble and Crosson, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Hoopengardner et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Veterinary Behavior
AbbreviationJ. Vet. Behav.
ISSN (print)1558-7878
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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