How to format your references using the Journal of Veterinary Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Veterinary Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gupta, S., 2015. From gadgets to the smart grid. Nature 526, S90-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Harper, K.C., Sigman, M.S., 2011. Three-dimensional correlation of steric and electronic free energy relationships guides asymmetric propargylation. Science 333, 1875–1878.
A journal article with 3 authors
van Zuilen, M.A., Lepland, A., Arrhenius, G., 2002. Reassessing the evidence for the earliest traces of life. Nature 418, 627–630.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wood, R.D., Mitchell, M., Sgouros, J., Lindahl, T., 2001. Human DNA repair genes. Science 291, 1284–1289.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ziska, L.H., Dukes, J.S., 2010. Weed Biology and Climate Change. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
O’Donoghue, T., 2016. Secondary School Education in Ireland: History, Memories and Life Stories, 1922–1967. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Vetter, T.R., 2011. Assessment Tools in Pediatric Chronic Pain: Reliability and Validity, in: McClain, B.C., Suresh, S. (Eds.), Handbook of Pediatric Chronic Pain: Current Science and Integrative Practice. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 63–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Veterinary Behavior.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Nepal Nearly Doubled Their Tiger Population In Just Three Years [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. International Broadcasting: Construction of U.S. Radio Relay Station in Israel (No. NSIAD-90-123FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seitz, A.E., 2015. Epidemiology, Spatial Distribution, and Treatment Patterns of Blastomycosis in the United States (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, T.W., 1975. Encounter: When Fantasy Becomes Fact. New York Times Travel and Resorts373.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gupta, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Gupta, 2015; Harper and Sigman, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Harper and Sigman, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Wood et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Veterinary Behavior
AbbreviationJ. Vet. Behav.
ISSN (print)1558-7878
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

Other styles