How to format your references using the Journal of Veterinary Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Veterinary Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pollock, T.M., 2010. Materials science. Weight loss with magnesium alloys. Science 328, 986–987.
A journal article with 2 authors
LaCour, M.J., Green, D.P., 2014. Political science. When contact changes minds: an experiment on transmission of support for gay equality. Science 346, 1366–1369.
A journal article with 3 authors
Green, J.L., Bohannan, B.J.M., Whitaker, R.J., 2008. Microbial biogeography: from taxonomy to traits. Science 320, 1039–1043.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, P., Yaji, K., Hashimoto, T., Ota, Y., Kondo, T., Okazaki, K., Wang, Z., Wen, J., Gu, G.D., Ding, H., Shin, S., 2018. Observation of topological superconductivity on the surface of an iron-based superconductor. Science 360, 182–186.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wrobel, G.M., Neil, E., 2009. International Advances in Adoption Research for Practice. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Choudhury, S.M.A.A., 2008. Diagnosis of Process Nonlinearities and Valve Stiction: Data Driven Approaches, Advances in Industrial Control. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Chiorean, D., Petraşcu, V., Ober, I., 2012. Using Constraints in Teaching Software Modeling, in: Kienzle, J. (Ed.), Models in Software Engineering: Workshops and Symposia at MODELS 2011, Wellington, New Zealand, October 16-21, 2011, Reports and Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 25–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Veterinary Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. The Horrifying Way That Scientists Want To Treat Celiac Disease [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. VA Education Benefits: VA Needs to Improve Program Management and Provide More Timely Information to Students (No. GAO-13-338). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bowmar, J.S., 2012. Building Energy Efficiency and Resilience in the United States, One Disaster at a Time: Fostering Green Building Principles through Disaster Assistance (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Harmon, A., Fountain, H., 2017. For Scientists, a Political Test. New York Times D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pollock, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (LaCour and Green, 2014; Pollock, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (LaCour and Green, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Veterinary Behavior
AbbreviationJ. Vet. Behav.
ISSN (print)1558-7878
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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