How to format your references using the Experimental Gerontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental Gerontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Raushel, F.M., 2013. Biochemistry. Not an oxidase, but a peroxidase. Science 342, 943–944.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rothenberg, K.H., Terry, S.F., 2002. Human genetics. Before it’s too late--addressing fear of genetic information. Science 297, 196–197.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bose, H.S., Lingappa, V.R., Miller, W.L., 2002. Rapid regulation of steroidogenesis by mitochondrial protein import. Nature 417, 87–91.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Piewngam, P., Zheng, Y., Nguyen, T.H., Dickey, S.W., Joo, H.-S., Villaruz, A.E., Glose, K.A., Fisher, E.L., Hunt, R.L., Li, B., Chiou, J., Pharkjaksu, S., Khongthong, S., Cheung, G.Y.C., Kiratisin, P., Otto, M., 2018. Pathogen elimination by probiotic Bacillus via signalling interference. Nature 562, 532–537.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Funk, W., Dammann, V., Donnevert, G., Ianelli, S., Ianelli, E., Gray, A., 2006. Quality Assurance in Analytical Chemistry. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Varma, A., Kost, G., Oelmüller, R. (Eds.), 2013. Piriformospora indica: Sebacinales and Their Biotechnological Applications, Soil Biology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hazzan, O., Dubinsky, Y., 2014. Team, in: Dubinsky, Y. (Ed.), Agile Anywhere: Essays on Agile Projects and Beyond, SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 21–25.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental Gerontology.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. 3D “Semantic Atlas” Of The Brain Reveals How We All Give Meaning To Words [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. FAA Budget: Management Attention Needed for Future Investment Decisions (No. T-RCED-94-195). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pease, M., 2014. Progress towards the Synthesis of a Potent, Bioavailable and Selective Dimethylarginine Dimethylaminohydrolase-1 Inactivator (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch, J., 2017. The Ultimate Hunt: Sheep. New York Times SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Raushel, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Raushel, 2013; Rothenberg and Terry, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rothenberg and Terry, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Piewngam et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental Gerontology
AbbreviationExp. Gerontol.
ISSN (print)0531-5565
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology

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