How to format your references using the Experimental Gerontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental Gerontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brownlee, M., 2001. Biochemistry and molecular cell biology of diabetic complications. Nature 414, 813–820.
A journal article with 2 authors
Berke, J.D., Eichenbaum, H.B., 2001. Drug addiction and the hippocampus. Science 294, 1235.
A journal article with 3 authors
Furman, J.L., Murray, F., Stern, S., 2010. More for the research dollar. Nature 468, 757–758.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ravelli, R.B.G., Gigant, B., Curmi, P.A., Jourdain, I., Lachkar, S., Sobel, A., Knossow, M., 2004. Insight into tubulin regulation from a complex with colchicine and a stathmin-like domain. Nature 428, 198–202.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Montgomery, G.E., Schuch, H.C., 2007. GIS Data Conversion Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Rebeiz, C.A., Benning, C., Bohnert, H.J., Daniell, H., Hoober, J.K., Lichtenthaler, H.K., Portis, A.R., Tripathy, B.C. (Eds.), 2010. The Chloroplast: Basics and Applications, Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Bartolotta, T.V., Taibbi, A., Quaia, E., Midiri, M., 2007. Applicazione dei mezzi di contrasto ecografici nelle lesioni focali del fegato steatosico, nelle lesioni epatiche rare e nelle pseudolesioni del fegato, in: Quaia, E. (Ed.), Mezzi Di Contrasto in Ecografia: Applicazioni Addominali. Springer, Milano, pp. 45–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental Gerontology.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Can You Flush A Toilet With Liquid Mercury? Kind Of [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. School Bullying: Legal Protections for Vulnerable Youth Need to Be More Fully Assessed (No. GAO-12-785T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Short, D.D., 2009. Assessing effectiveness and economic efficiency in California Community College transfer advising (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2012. Behind a Gifted Horse, A Powerful Part-Owner. New York Times B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brownlee, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Berke and Eichenbaum, 2001; Brownlee, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Berke and Eichenbaum, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Ravelli et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental Gerontology
AbbreviationExp. Gerontol.
ISSN (print)0531-5565
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology

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