How to format your references using the Experimental Gerontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Experimental Gerontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fisher, L., 2015. Avoid major disasters by welcoming minor change. Nature 527, 9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Peters, S.E., Foote, M., 2002. Determinants of extinction in the fossil record. Nature 416, 420–424.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoshino, T., Walter, M.J., Katsura, T., 2003. Core formation in planetesimals triggered by permeable flow. Nature 422, 154–157.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Korniss, G., Novotny, M.A., Guclu, H., Toroczkai, Z., Rikvold, P.A., 2003. Suppressing roughness of virtual times in parallel discrete-event simulations. Science 299, 677–679.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hossain, M.E., 2016. Fundamentals of Drilling Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Mitra, S.K. (Ed.), 2013. Citizenship as Cultural Flow: Structure, Agency and Power, Transcultural Research – Heidelberg Studies on Asia and Europe in a Global Context. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Ono, T., Ambe, D., Kaeriyama, H., Shigenobu, Y., Fujimoto, K., Sogame, K., Nishiura, N., Fujikawa, T., Morita, T., Watanabe, T., 2015. Radiocesium Concentrations in the Organic Fraction of Sea Sediments, in: Nakata, K., Sugisaki, H. (Eds.), Impacts of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident on Fish and Fishing Grounds. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp. 67–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Experimental Gerontology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. What’s Next For Tobacco Control? A Smoke-Free Generation [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Head Start: Additional Information on Implementation of Transportation Regulations (No. GAO-07-194R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Delaney, R.M., 2014. A qualitative descriptive case study explaining professional development in community corrections (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2007. Justices Raise Doubts on Campaign Finance Law. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fisher, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Fisher, 2015; Peters and Foote, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Peters and Foote, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Korniss et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleExperimental Gerontology
AbbreviationExp. Gerontol.
ISSN (print)0531-5565
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology

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