How to format your references using the Electrochimica Acta citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Electrochimica Acta. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R.W. Walsh, Astronomy. How is the solar corona heated?, Science. 307 (2005) 51–53.
A journal article with 2 authors
R.E. Diaz, T. Sebastian, Electromagnetic limits to radiofrequency (RF) neuronal telemetry, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3535.
A journal article with 3 authors
N.J. Gosse, L.M. Nevin, H. Baier, Retinotopic order in the absence of axon competition, Nature. 452 (2008) 892–895.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Yang, J. Carpena-Núñez, L.F. Fonseca, A. Biaggi-Labiosa, G.W. Hunter, Shape-controlled synthesis of palladium and copper superlattice nanowires for high-stability hydrogen sensors, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 3773.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H.R. Denny, S.J. Butterworth, A Guide to Canine and Feline Orthopaedic Surgery, Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, UK, 2008.
An edited book
C. Cotta, S. Reich, R. Schaefer, A. Ligęza, eds., Knowledge-Driven Computing: Knowledge Engineering and Intelligent Computations, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Nicolini, B. Lepri, S. Teso, A. Passerini, From On-Going to Complete Activity Recognition Exploiting Related Activities, in: A.A. Salah, T. Gevers, N. Sebe, A. Vinciarelli (Eds.), Human Behavior Understanding: First International Workshop, HBU 2010, Istanbul, Turkey, August 22, 2010. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010: pp. 26–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Electrochimica Acta.

Blog post
J. Fang, Simple tree branch filter makes dirty water drinkable, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Drug Testing: Undercover Tests Reveal Significant Vulnerabilities in DOT’s Drug Testing Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E.M. Scheepers, Psychotherapists’ use of outcome measures in psychotherapy practice: Differences related to academic background, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
D.E. Sanger, M. Rosenberg, M.S. Schmidt, Republicans Join Calls for Independent Investigator, New York Times. (2017) A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleElectrochimica Acta
AbbreviationElectrochim. Acta
ISSN (print)0013-4686
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering

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