How to format your references using the Electrochimica Acta citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Electrochimica Acta. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
F. Simpson, Resistance to mantle flow inferred from the electromagnetic strike of the Australian upper mantle, Nature. 412 (2001) 632–635.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Yaghoubi, P. Mélinon, Tunable synthesis and in situ growth of silicon-carbon mesostructures using impermeable plasma, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1083.
A journal article with 3 authors
A.P. Hibbins, B.R. Evans, J.R. Sambles, Experimental verification of designer surface plasmons, Science. 308 (2005) 670–672.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K.E. Stephan, J.C. Marshall, K.J. Friston, J.B. Rowe, A. Ritzl, K. Zilles, G.R. Fink, Lateralized cognitive processes and lateralized task control in the human brain, Science. 301 (2003) 384–386.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L. Ness, Securing Utility and Energy Infrastructures, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2006.
An edited book
X. Zhao, Enterprise Risk Management in International Construction Operations, Springer, Singapore, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Gentili, M. Di Napoli, Digit II, III – Wrist, Elbow; Digit II, III – Wrist, in: M. Di Napoli (Ed.), The Median Nerve: Sensory Conduction Studies, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 19–25.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Electrochimica Acta.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Ada Lovelace And The Role Models Who Guide Women Towards A Life Less Ordinary, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Highway Public-Private Partnerships: More Rigorous Up-Front Analysis Could Better Secure Potential Benefits and Protect the Public Interest, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Stoecker, Transfer of Topic-Prominence in Chinese-English Interlanguage, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Whiteside, A. Das, S. Lyall, The Winner, in a Comeback, New York Times. (2017) B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleElectrochimica Acta
AbbreviationElectrochim. Acta
ISSN (print)0013-4686
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering

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