How to format your references using the Electrochimica Acta citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Electrochimica Acta. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A.K. Percy, Neuroscience. Path to treat Rett syndrome, Science. 342 (2013) 318–320.
A journal article with 2 authors
W.R. Taylor, K. Lin, Protein knots: A tangled problem, Nature. 421 (2003) 25.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.J. Costello, R.M. May, N.E. Stork, Can we name Earth’s species before they go extinct?, Science. 339 (2013) 413–416.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Nemazee, A. Gavin, K. Hoebe, B. Beutler, Immunology: Toll-like receptors and antibody responses, Nature. 441 (2006) E4; discussion E4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P.J. Van Fleet, Discrete Wavelet Transformations, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2008.
An edited book
A. Ebert, G.C. van der Veer, G. Domik, N.D. Gershon, I. Scheler, eds., Building Bridges: HCI, Visualization, and Non-formal Modeling: IFIP WG 13.7 Workshops on Human–Computer Interaction and Visualization: 7th HCIV@ECCE 2011, Rostock, Germany, August 23, 2011, and 8th HCIV@INTERACT 2011, Lisbon, Portugal, September 5, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
L. Grossman, Jewish Communal Affairs, in: A. Dashefsky, I. Sheskin (Eds.), American Jewish Year Book 2013: The Annual Record of the North American Jewish Communities, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 165–199.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Electrochimica Acta.

Blog post
T. Hale, 211 New Species Discovered In The Himalayas, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Mass Transit Grants: Development Time Frames for Selected UMTA Projects, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Perelygin, Developing physics simulations with OpenCL on a graphics processing unit, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.W. Walsh, Creditors of Stockton Fight City Over Pension Funding While in Bankruptcy, New York Times. (2012) B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleElectrochimica Acta
AbbreviationElectrochim. Acta
ISSN (print)0013-4686
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering

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