How to format your references using the Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
N. Holmes, Immunology. A splicing switch for T cells, Science. 321 (2008) 646–647.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Ganopolski, S. Rahmstorf, Rapid changes of glacial climate simulated in a coupled climate model, Nature. 409 (2001) 153–158.
A journal article with 3 authors
B. Barwick, D.J. Flannigan, A.H. Zewail, Photon-induced near-field electron microscopy, Nature. 462 (2009) 902–906.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Abramson, I. Smirnova, V. Kasho, G. Verner, H.R. Kaback, S. Iwata, Structure and mechanism of the lactose permease of Escherichia coli, Science. 301 (2003) 610–615.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Balmori, Drawing and Reinventing Landscape, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
D.R.S. Somayajulu, K.-P. Lieb, eds., IWNMS 2004: Proceedings of the International Workshop on Nanomaterials, Magnetic Ions and Magnetic Semiconductors Studied Mostly by Hyperfine Interactions (IWNMS 2004) held in Baroda, India, 10–14 February 2004, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
T.M. Hagemann, T.V. Lewis, Iron as a Drug and Drug–Drug Interactions, in: S. Yehuda, D.I. Mostofsky (Eds.), Iron Deficiency and Overload: From Basic Biology to Clinical Medicine, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 2010: pp. 77–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Brain images reveal how we distinguish real and fake laughter, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Applicability of Service Contract Act to Service Employees of ADP and High-Technology Companies, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R.J. Woodland, Investigating the role of the mid-Atlantic inner continental shelf as a marine finfish nursery: A comparative approach, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.J.O. Murphy, Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times, New York Times. (2015) C29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
AbbreviationJ. Magn. Magn. Mater.
ISSN (print)0304-8853
ScopeElectronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

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