How to format your references using the Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
N.P. Harberd, Botany. Relieving DELLA restraint, Science. 299 (2003) 1853–1854.
A journal article with 2 authors
V. Serebrov, A.M. Pyle, Periodic cycles of RNA unwinding and pausing by hepatitis C virus NS3 helicase, Nature. 430 (2004) 476–480.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Lavine, P. Szuromi, R. Coontz, Materials for grid energy. Electricity now and when. Introduction, Science. 334 (2011) 921.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Z. Xiang, Y. Kasahara, T. Asaba, B. Lawson, C. Tinsman, L. Chen, K. Sugimoto, S. Kawaguchi, Y. Sato, G. Li, S. Yao, Y.L. Chen, F. Iga, J. Singleton, Y. Matsuda, L. Li, Quantum oscillations of electrical resistivity in an insulator, Science. 362 (2018) 65–69.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D.A. Diver, Plasma Formulary for Physics, Astronomy, and Technology, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2013.
An edited book
M.S. Wagh, P.V. Draganov, eds., Pancreatic Masses: Advances in Diagnosis and Therapy, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Beichler, T. Schulz, C. Haubelt, F. Golatowski, A Parametric Dataflow Model for the Speed and Distance Monitoring in Novel Train Control Systems, in: M.R. Mousavi, C. Berger (Eds.), Cyber Physical Systems. Design, Modeling, and Evaluation: 5th International Workshop, CyPhy 2015, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, October 8, 2015, Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 56–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Man Fails Paternity Test Because Unborn Twin Is The Biological Father Of His Son, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Security: DHS Has Taken Steps to Enhance International Aviation Security and Facilitate Compliance with International Standards, but Challenges Remain, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Janice, Preschoolers’ Prosocial Responding to Social Others’ Distress, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Hodgman, Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman, New York Times. (2016) MM30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
AbbreviationJ. Magn. Magn. Mater.
ISSN (print)0304-8853
ScopeElectronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

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