How to format your references using the Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Adam, Reef gets off the starting blocks, Nature. 410 (2001) 1012.
A journal article with 2 authors
E. Collini, G.D. Scholes, Coherent intrachain energy migration in a conjugated polymer at room temperature, Science. 323 (2009) 369–373.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Messenger, L.P. Keller, D.S. Lauretta, Supernova olivine from cometary dust, Science. 309 (2005) 737–741.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Liphardt, B. Onoa, S.B. Smith, I. Tinoco Jr, C. Bustamante, Reversible unfolding of single RNA molecules by mechanical force, Science. 292 (2001) 733–737.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. Radoine, Architecture in Context, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2017.
An edited book
I. Nesteruk, ed., Supercavitation: Advances and Perspectives A collection dedicated to the 70th jubilee of Yu.N. Savchenko, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Y. Li, M. Seymour, Fullerenes and Carbon Nano-onions for Environmental Application, in: A. Hu, A. Apblett (Eds.), Nanotechnology for Water Treatment and Purification, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 145–158.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials.

Blog post
E. Andrew, ESA Launched Sentinel Satellite To Monitor Earth, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Highway Safety: Interim Report on Safety Belt and Motorcycle Helmet Effectiveness, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.C. Kelly, The fluid evolution of the Mount Mica and Irish Pit pegmatites, Maine: Evidence from stable isotopes, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J.C. McKINLEY Jr, No More Tea With Caligula, New York Times. (2017) C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
AbbreviationJ. Magn. Magn. Mater.
ISSN (print)0304-8853
ScopeElectronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

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