How to format your references using the Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Brock JD. Chemistry. Watching atoms move. Science. 2007;315:609–10.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Egnatchik RA, DeBerardinis RJ. Metabolism: Growth in the fat lane. Nature. 2015;520:165–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Mili S, Moissoglu K, Macara IG. Genome-wide screen reveals APC-associated RNAs enriched in cell protrusions. Nature. 2008;453:115–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wang D, Mookherjee M, Xu Y, Karato S-I. The effect of water on the electrical conductivity of olivine. Nature. 2006;443:977–80.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Wilmshurst L. Clinical and Educational Child Psychology. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Shukla A, Ravichandran G, Rajapakse YDS, editors. Dynamic Failure of Materials and Structures. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Do LLTN, Nguyen Do LLT, Axe JB, McKnight C, Ball CR, Hall JN, et al. 2004 Education for All Handicapped Children Act. In: Goldstein S, Naglieri JA, editors. Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2011. p. 547–547.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. 55-Million-Year-Old Fossils Hint That Primates First Evolved In India [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/55millionyearold-fossils-hint-that-primates-first-evolved-in-india/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Resources, Community, and Economic Development Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Oct. Report No.: AA-95-35(4).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Mann HM. Testing for differentially functioning indicators using mixtures of confirmatory factor analysis models [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Mets Turn Up a Lament to Sing Twice. New York Times. 2017 Jun 5;D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases
AbbreviationJ. Venom. Anim. Toxins Incl. Trop. Dis.
ISSN (online)1678-9199
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Parasitology
Infectious Diseases
Toxicology

Other styles