How to format your references using the Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. McMahon RJ. Chemistry. Chemical reactions involving quantum tunneling. Science. 2003;299:833–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Griffin TM, Kram R. Penguin waddling is not wasteful. Nature. 2000;408:929.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Takahashi JS, Shimomura K, Kumar V. Searching for genes underlying behavior: lessons from circadian rhythms. Science. 2008;322:909–12.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Dong S-N, Yao Y-P, Li J-Q, Song Y-J, Liu Y-K, Li X-G. Room temperature multiferroicity in Bi(4.2)K(0.8)Fe(2)O(9+δ). Sci Rep. 2013;3:1245.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Stone R, Gutiérrez-Albilla JD. A Companion to Luis Buñuel. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1. Damon J. Local Features in Natural Images via Singularity Theory. Giblin P, Haslinger G, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Tarantino U, Resmini G. Diagnosi. In: Resmini G, editor. La gestione delle fratture da fragilità ossea: Raccomandazioni per chirurghi ortopedici. Milano: Springer; 2011. p. 9–17.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Monkeys Watch Instructional Videos Too. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: A National Strategy and Other Actions Would Strengthen TSA’s Efforts to Secure Commercial Airport Perimeters and Access Controls. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Sep. Report No.: GAO-09-399.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Carlson DL. BOUND/(bang) [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Ewing J. Fiat Chrysler to Modify 100,000 Vehicles After Emission-Cheating Claims. New York Times. 2017 May 19;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases
AbbreviationJ. Venom. Anim. Toxins Incl. Trop. Dis.
ISSN (online)1678-9199
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Infectious Diseases

Other styles