How to format your references using the Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Schmidt B. Perspective: if not funding then teaching. Nature. 2014;511:S81.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Green P, Ewing B. Comment on “Evidence of abundant purifying selection in humans for recently acquired regulatory functions.” Science. 2013;340:682.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Melchor RN, De Valais S, Genise JF. Bird-like fossil footprints from the Late Triassic. Nature. 2002;417:936–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Gacemi D, Mangeney J, Colombelli R, Degiron A. Subwavelength metallic waveguides as a tool for extreme confinement of THz surface waves. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1369.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Meyer VR. Pitfalls and Errors of HPLC in Pictures. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2013.
An edited book
1. Kadirkamanathan V, Sanguinetti G, Girolami M, Niranjan M, Noirel J, editors. Pattern Recognition in Bioinformatics: 4th IAPR International Conference, PRIB 2009, Sheffield, UK, September 7-9, 2009. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Llorente B. Regulation of Carotenoid Biosynthesis in Photosynthetic Organs. In: Stange C, editor. Carotenoids in Nature: Biosynthesis, Regulation and Function. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 141–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. New Display Technology Could Do Away With Reading Glasses. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Savings Available to Government on Certain IBM Automatic Data Processing Equipment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1971 Mar. Report No.: 093029.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Matta Veera Venkata S. Ensuring security and authentication using zero knowledge protocol in wireless sensor network applications [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly D. Sex and Drugs and Mick and Keith. New York Times. 1994 Oct 16;737.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases
AbbreviationJ. Venom. Anim. Toxins Incl. Trop. Dis.
ISSN (online)1678-9199
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Parasitology
Infectious Diseases
Toxicology

Other styles