How to format your references using the Journal of Urban Planning and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban Planning and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sultan, F. (2002). “Analysis of mammalian brain architecture.” Nature, 415(6868), 133–134.
A journal article with 2 authors
Waldmann, H., and Cobbold, S. (2004). “Exploiting tolerance processes in transplantation.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5681), 209–212.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ungless, M. A., Magill, P. J., and Bolam, J. P. (2004). “Uniform inhibition of dopamine neurons in the ventral tegmental area by aversive stimuli.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5666), 2040–2042.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kawakami, K., Dunn, E., Karmali, F., and Dovidio, J. F. (2009). “Mispredicting affective and behavioral responses to racism.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5911), 276–278.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Müller, G., and Ponick, B. (2005). Grundlagen elektrischer Maschinen. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Konstantinou, I. K. (Ed.). (2006). Antifouling Paint Biocides. The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Castano, V., and Schagaev, I. (2015). “Impact of Radiation on Electronics.” Resilient computer system design, I. Schagaev, ed., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 79–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban Planning and Development.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). “Visualization Of Recent Asteroid Impacts With Earth.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1979). Federal Program To Strengthen Developing Institutions of Higher Education Lacks Direction. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gilbert, S. A. (2017). “Succession Planning Relating to the Millennial Generation in Private Four-Year Universities.” Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lehman, S. (2016). “The Big Try-On.” New York Times, F4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sultan 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Sultan 2002; Waldmann and Cobbold 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Waldmann and Cobbold 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Kawakami et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban Planning and Development
AbbreviationJ. Urban Plan. Dev.
ISSN (print)0733-9488
ISSN (online)1943-5444
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Geography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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