How to format your references using the Journal of Urban Planning and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban Planning and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hynes, R. O. (2009). “The extracellular matrix: not just pretty fibrils.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5957), 1216–1219.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bezanilla, F., and Perozo, E. (2002). “Structural biology. Force and voltage sensors in one structure.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5598), 1562–1563.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sherman, D. H., Tsukamoto, S., and Williams, R. M. (2015). “ORGANIC SYNTHESIS. Comment on ‘Asymmetric syntheses of sceptrin and massadine and evidence for biosynthetic enantiodivergence.’” Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6244), 149.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, Y. J., Oslonovitch, J., Mazouz, N., Plenge, F., Krischer, K., and Ertl, G. (2001). “Turing-type patterns on electrode surfaces.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5512), 2395–2398.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
MacClancy, J. (2013). Anthropology in the Public Arena. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Russell, C. T. (Ed.). (2008). The STEREO Mission. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Brennan, M. F., Antonescu, C. R., Alektiar, K. M., and Maki, R. G. (2016). “Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors.” Management of Soft Tissue Sarcoma, C. R. Antonescu, K. M. Alektiar, and R. G. Maki, eds., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 77–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban Planning and Development.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). “Seals Caught Having Sex With Penguins.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Aviation Security: Urgent Issues Need to Be Addressed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ma, Y. (2013). “Vesicular Stomatitis Virus as a Vector to Deliver Virus-Like Particles of Human Norovirus: A New Live Vectored Vaccine for Human Norovirus.” Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Harris, E. A. (2017). “Accused of Sexual Abuse, Ousted And On to the Next Teaching Job.” New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hynes 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Bezanilla and Perozo 2002; Hynes 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bezanilla and Perozo 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban Planning and Development
AbbreviationJ. Urban Plan. Dev.
ISSN (print)0733-9488
ISSN (online)1943-5444
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Geography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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