How to format your references using the Journal of Urban Planning and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban Planning and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gilbertson, S. R. (2012). “Chemistry. Relay reactions that trap organometallic intermediates.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6113), 1432–1433.
A journal article with 2 authors
Feinberg, E. H., and Meister, M. (2015). “Orientation columns in the mouse superior colliculus.” Nature, 519(7542), 229–232.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sharma, B., Mandani, S., and Sarma, T. K. (2013). “Biogenic growth of alloys and core-shell nanostructures using urease as a nanoreactor at ambient conditions.” Scientific reports, 3, 2601.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Courbet, S., Gay, S., Arnoult, N., Wronka, G., Anglana, M., Brison, O., and Debatisse, M. (2008). “Replication fork movement sets chromatin loop size and origin choice in mammalian cells.” Nature, 455(7212), 557–560.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cannataro, M., and Guzzi, P. H. (2011). Data Management of Protein Interaction Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Wichert, R., and Eberhardt, B. (Eds.). (2012). Ambient Assisted Living: 5. AAL-Kongress 2012 Berlin, Germany, January 24-25, 2012. Advanced Technologies and Societal Change, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Mostaghim, S., and Teich, J. (2005). “Quad-trees: A Data Structure for Storing Pareto Sets in Multiobjective Evolutionary Algorithms with Elitism.” Evolutionary Multiobjective Optimization: Theoretical Advances and Applications, Advanced Information and Knowledge Processing, A. Abraham, L. Jain, and R. Goldberg, eds., Springer, London, 81–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban Planning and Development.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). “NASA’s ‘RoboGloves’ Could Double The Strength Of Your Hand.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). United States Interests and Activities in Nepal. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, J. R. (2012). “Staging Vietnamese America: Music and the performance of Vietnamese American identities.” Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011). “Auburn vs. Oregon: Headsets at 20 Paces.” New York Times, SP6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gilbertson 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Feinberg and Meister 2015; Gilbertson 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Feinberg and Meister 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Courbet et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban Planning and Development
AbbreviationJ. Urban Plan. Dev.
ISSN (print)0733-9488
ISSN (online)1943-5444
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Geography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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