How to format your references using the Journal of Urban Planning and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban Planning and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thwaites, T. 2014. “Research metrics: calling science to account.” Nature, 511 (7510): S57-60.
A journal article with 2 authors
Singh, S. C., and K. C. Macdonald. 2009. “Mantle skewness and ridge segmentation.” Nature, 458 (7241): E11-2; author reply E12-3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yue, J.-D., Y.-R. Zhang, and H. Fan. 2014. “Quantum-enhanced metrology for multiple phase estimation with noise.” Sci. Rep., 4: 5933.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, X., X. Li, K. Onuma, Y. Sogo, T. Ohno, and A. Ito. 2013. “Zn- and Mg- containing tricalcium phosphates-based adjuvants for cancer immunotherapy.” Sci. Rep., 3: 2203.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
English, J. F. 2012. The Global Future of English Studies. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
El-Metwally, S. 2014. Next Generation Sequencing Technologies and Challenges in Sequence Assembly. SpringerBriefs in Systems Biology, (O. M. Ouda and M. Helmy, eds.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lake, P., and P. Crowther. 2013. “NoSQL Databases.” Concise Guide to Databases: A Practical Introduction, Undergraduate Topics in Computer Science, P. Crowther, ed., 97–134. London: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban Planning and Development.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2016. “Why Is Panda Poop Gooey In The Summertime?” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. FTS2001: Transition Challenges Jeopardize Program Goals. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Van Exel, L. M. 2012. “Applying database refactoring techniques to procedural SQL.” Doctoral dissertation. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barnes, B., R. Abrams, and J. Kantor. 2017. “Sharing A Name Of Infamy.” New York Times, October 20, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Thwaites 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Singh and Macdonald 2009; Thwaites 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Singh and Macdonald 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban Planning and Development
AbbreviationJ. Urban Plan. Dev.
ISSN (print)0733-9488
ISSN (online)1943-5444
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Geography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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