How to format your references using the Journal of Urban Planning and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban Planning and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coaker, G. 2014. “Botany. Pathogen specialization.” Science, 343 (6170): 496–497.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shaywitz, D., and H. Dansky. 2007. “Found in translation.” Nature, 446 (7136): 700.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kurth, I., R. E. Georgescu, and M. E. O’Donnell. 2013. “A solution to release twisted DNA during chromosome replication by coupled DNA polymerases.” Nature, 496 (7443): 119–122.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mall, A., J. Sobotta, C. Huber, C. Tschirner, S. Kowarschik, K. Bačnik, M. Mergelsberg, M. Boll, M. Hügler, W. Eisenreich, and I. A. Berg. 2018. “Reversibility of citrate synthase allows autotrophic growth of a thermophilic bacterium.” Science, 359 (6375): 563–567.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sellars, C. 2011. Risk Assessment in People with Learning Disabilities. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Resch, M., K. Benkert, X. Wang, M. Galle, W. Bez, H. Kobayashi, and S. Roller (Eds.). 2010. High Performance Computing on Vector Systems 2010. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chitchyan, R., J. Fabry, and L. Bergmans. 2007. “Aspects, Dependencies, and Interactions.” Object-Oriented Technology. ECOOP 2006 Workshop Reader: ECOOP 2006 Workshops, Nantes, France, July 3-7, 2006, Final Reports, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, M. Südholt and C. Consel, eds., 26–39. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban Planning and Development.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. “The Water Industry Needs To Join The Fight Against Superbugs.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Status of Tax Systems Modernization, Tax Delinquencies, and the Potential for Return-Free Filing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Atchison, J. 2009. “Caregivers with sibling sets: A curriculum to increase contact and permanency for siblings in out-of-home care.” Doctoral dissertation. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
James, S. 2017. “Take Your Baby to Work.” New York Times, April 20, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coaker 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Coaker 2014; Shaywitz and Dansky 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shaywitz and Dansky 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Mall et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban Planning and Development
AbbreviationJ. Urban Plan. Dev.
ISSN (print)0733-9488
ISSN (online)1943-5444
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Geography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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