How to format your references using the Journal of Urban Planning and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban Planning and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sandholm, T. 2015. “Computer science. Solving imperfect-information games.” Science, 347 (6218): 122–123.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dynek, J. N., and S. Smith. 2004. “Resolution of sister telomere association is required for progression through mitosis.” Science, 304 (5667): 97–100.
A journal article with 3 authors
Overby, C. L., G. Hripcsak, and Y. Shen. 2014. “Estimating heritability of drug-induced liver injury from common variants and implications for future study designs.” Sci. Rep., 4: 5762.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shigetani, Y., F. Sugahara, Y. Kawakami, Y. Murakami, S. Hirano, and S. Kuratani. 2002. “Heterotopic shift of epithelial-mesenchymal interactions in vertebrate jaw evolution.” Science, 296 (5571): 1316–1319.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, R. E., E. Carraher, and P. DeLisle. 2017. Leading Collaborative Architectural Practice. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Morwick, J. 2013. Workshift: Future-Proof Your Organization for the 21st Century. (R. Bews, E. Klein, and T. Lorman, eds.). New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.
A chapter in an edited book
Gomes, A. S., J. J. Alferes, and T. Swift. 2010. “Implementing Query Answering for Hybrid MKNF Knowledge Bases.” Practical Aspects of Declarative Languages: 12th International Symposium, PADL 2010, Madrid, Spain, January 18-19, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, M. Carro and R. Peña, eds., 25–39. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban Planning and Development.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. 2015. “Particle Accelerator Breakthrough Reduces Their Size By A Factor Of 100.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Surface Transportation: Regional Distribution of Federal Highway Funds. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tanner-Anderson, S. L. 2014. “‘The Road Less Traveled’: The Female’s Journey to the State Superintendency.” Doctoral dissertation. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
O’connell, M. E. 2013. “The Questions Brennan Can’t Dodge.” New York Times, February 7, 2013.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sandholm 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Dynek and Smith 2004; Sandholm 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dynek and Smith 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Shigetani et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban Planning and Development
AbbreviationJ. Urban Plan. Dev.
ISSN (print)0733-9488
ISSN (online)1943-5444
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Geography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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