How to format your references using the Antibodies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antibodies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C. Ticking the Right Boxes. Nature 2006, 439, 533.
A journal article with 2 authors
Simpkins, P.G.; Kuck, V.J. Air Entrapment in Coatings by Way of a Tip-Streaming Meniscus. Nature 2000, 403, 641–643.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shelly, D.R.; Beroza, G.C.; Ide, S. Non-Volcanic Tremor and Low-Frequency Earthquake Swarms. Nature 2007, 446, 305–307.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Malcolmson, S.J.; Meek, S.J.; Sattely, E.S.; Schrock, R.R.; Hoveyda, A.H. Highly Efficient Molybdenum-Based Catalysts for Enantioselective Alkene Metathesis. Nature 2008, 456, 933–937.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fliszár, S. Atomic Charges, Bond Properties, and Molecular Energies; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2008; ISBN 9780470405918.
An edited book
Vissers, C.A. Architectural Design: Conception and Specification of Interactive Systems; Pires, L.F., Quartel, D.A.C., van Sinderen, M., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; ISBN 9783319432977.
A chapter in an edited book
Ferreira, J.J.M.; Raposo, M.L.; Fernandes, C.I. The Impact of Inter-Firm Cooperation on Performance: A Two-Region Experience. In Cooperation, Clusters, and Knowledge Transfer: Universities and Firms Towards Regional Competitiveness; Ferreira, J.J.M., Raposo, M., Rutten, R., Varga, A., Eds.; Advances in Spatial Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; pp. 81–102 ISBN 9783642331930.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antibodies.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. There Might Be An Ocean Underneath Pluto’s Surface Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Transportation-Disadvantaged Populations: Many Federal Programs Fund Transportation Services, but Obstacles to Coordination Persist; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2003;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tengco, M.A. Quality Home Care: Providing Personal Care and Homemaking Services for Seniors in the Community. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. Montauk Yacht Club Sold for $34 Million. New York Times 2007, LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAntibodies
AbbreviationAntibodies (Basel)
ISSN (online)2073-4468

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