How to format your references using the Antibodies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antibodies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hynes, R.O. The Extracellular Matrix: Not Just Pretty Fibrils. Science 2009, 326, 1216–1219.
A journal article with 2 authors
Odorizzi, P.M.; Wherry, E.J. Immunology. An Interferon Paradox. Science 2013, 340, 155–156.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ganem, N.J.; Godinho, S.A.; Pellman, D. A Mechanism Linking Extra Centrosomes to Chromosomal Instability. Nature 2009, 460, 278–282.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hsu, C.-L.; Lin, W.; Seshasayee, D.; Chen, Y.-H.; Ding, X.; Lin, Z.; Suto, E.; Huang, Z.; Lee, W.P.; Park, H.; et al. Equilibrative Nucleoside Transporter 3 Deficiency Perturbs Lysosome Function and Macrophage Homeostasis. Science 2012, 335, 89–92.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pozen, R.; Hamacher, T.; Phillips, D. The Fund Industry; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011; ISBN 9781118266519.
An edited book
Post-Tsunami Hazard: Reconstruction and Restoration; Santiago-Fandiño, V., Kontar, Y.A., Kaneda, Y., Eds.; Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; Vol. 44; ISBN 9783319102016.
A chapter in an edited book
Bershadsky, A.; Bozhday, A.; Burukina, I.; Gudkov, P.; Gudkov, A. Concept of Complex Infrastructure Territory for Solving Problems of Integration Intersectoral Statistics. In Knowledge-Based Software Engineering: 11th Joint Conference, JCKBSE 2014, Volgograd, Russia, September 17-20, 2014. Proceedings; Kravets, A., Shcherbakov, M., Kultsova, M., Iijima, T., Eds.; Communications in Computer and Information Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; pp. 49–60 ISBN 9783319118536.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antibodies.

Blog post
Andrews, R. Biodiversity Protects Ecosystems Against Climate Change Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Funding Information on the State Student Incentive Grant Program and Other Need-Based Student Aid Programs; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1983;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alsari, F. Training Needs Analysis for Women in Educational Leadership in Saudi Arabia. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University: Malibu, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. Gathering in the Boss’s Office, This Time to Honor Him. New York Times 2010, B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAntibodies
AbbreviationAntibodies (Basel)
ISSN (online)2073-4468

Other styles