How to format your references using the Antibodies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antibodies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gaskell, C.M. Close Supermassive Binary Black Holes. Nature 2010, 463, E1; discussion E2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kamiyama, D.; Chiba, A. Endogenous Activation Patterns of Cdc42 GTPase within Drosophila Embryos. Science 2009, 324, 1338–1340.
A journal article with 3 authors
Agulhon, C.; Fiacco, T.A.; McCarthy, K.D. Hippocampal Short- and Long-Term Plasticity Are Not Modulated by Astrocyte Ca2+ Signaling. Science 2010, 327, 1250–1254.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Larsson, E.M.; Langhammer, C.; Zorić, I.; Kasemo, B. Nanoplasmonic Probes of Catalytic Reactions. Science 2009, 326, 1091–1094.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bunnell, T. From World City to the World in One City; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2016; ISBN 9781118827697.
An edited book
Abu-Khalaf, M. Nonlinear H2/H∞ Constrained Feedback Control: A Practical Design Approach Using Neural Networks; Huang, J., Lewis, F.L., Eds.; Advances in Industrial Control; Springer: London, 2006; ISBN 9781846283499.
A chapter in an edited book
Roos, D.; Spits, H.; Hack, C.E. Innate Immunity — Phagocytes, Natural Killer Cells and the Complement System. In Principles of Immunopharmacology; Nijkamp, F.P., Parnham, M.J., Eds.; Birkhäuser: Basel, 2005; pp. 63–80 ISBN 9783764358044.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antibodies.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Bony Crests On Skulls Of Extinct Species Could Reveal Social Dynamics (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office NASA: Enhanced Use Leasing Program Needs Additional Controls; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2007;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson, D.A. Job Satisfaction in the Operating Room: An Analysis of the Cultural Competence of Nurses. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University: Minneapolis, MN, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. Political Memo; Re-Examining the Fine Print On Clinton’s Tax Promises. New York Times 1993, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAntibodies
AbbreviationAntibodies (Basel)
ISSN (online)2073-4468

Other styles