How to format your references using the Antibodies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antibodies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thauer, R.K. Microbiology. A Fifth Pathway of Carbon Fixation. Science 2007, 318, 1732–1733.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bethell, T.; Bergin, E. Formation and Survival of Water Vapor in the Terrestrial Planet-Forming Region. Science 2009, 326, 1675–1677.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nader, K.; Schafe, G.E.; Le Doux, J.E. Fear Memories Require Protein Synthesis in the Amygdala for Reconsolidation after Retrieval. Nature 2000, 406, 722–726.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Audet, J.; Wong, G.; Wang, H.; Lu, G.; Gao, G.F.; Kobinger, G.; Qiu, X. Molecular Characterization of the Monoclonal Antibodies Composing ZMAb: A Protective Cocktail against Ebola Virus. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6881.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dal Pont, J.-P.; Azzaro-Pantel, C. New Approaches to the Process Industries; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2014; ISBN 9781118984536.
An edited book
Adaptive and Learning Agents: International Workshop, ALA 2011, Held at AAMAS 2011, Taipei, Taiwan, May 2, 2011, Revised Selected Papers; Vrancx, P., Knudson, M., Grześ, M., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; Vol. 7113; ISBN 9783642284984.
A chapter in an edited book
Motschnig-Pitrik, R.; Nykl, L. An Interactive Cognitive-Emotional Model of the Person-Centered Approach. In Interdisciplinary Handbook of the Person-Centered Approach: Research and Theory; Cornelius-White, J.H.D., Motschnig-Pitrik, R., Lux, M., Eds.; Springer: New York, NY, 2013; pp. 37–61 ISBN 9781461471400.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antibodies.

Blog post
Andrews, R. Anti-Pollution And Anti-Corruption Laws To Be Repealed By Congress Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Efforts of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare and the Department of Labor to Develop and Issue Health Standards; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1977;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Catalini, M. Intrinsic Rewards Increase Job Performance within an Organization. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University: Malibu, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barry, E. Fraud Culture Rises in India, Aiming at U.S. New York Times 2017, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAntibodies
AbbreviationAntibodies (Basel)
ISSN (online)2073-4468

Other styles