How to format your references using the Antibodies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antibodies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tal, A. Seeking sustainability: Israel’s evolving water management strategy. Science 2006, 313, 1081–1084.
A journal article with 2 authors
Peebles, P.J.E.; Unruh, W.G. Obituary: John Wheeler (1911-2008). Nature 2008, 453, 50.
A journal article with 3 authors
Provenzano, V.; Shapiro, A.J.; Shull, R.D. Reduction of hysteresis losses in the magnetic refrigerant Gd5Ge2Si2 by the addition of iron. Nature 2004, 429, 853–857.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tang, W.; Zeve, D.; Suh, J.M.; Bosnakovski, D.; Kyba, M.; Hammer, R.E.; Tallquist, M.D.; Graff, J.M. White fat progenitor cells reside in the adipose vasculature. Science 2008, 322, 583–586.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walkenbach, J. Excel® VBA Programming For Dummies®; Wiley Publishing, Inc.: Indianapolis, IN, USA, 2010; ISBN 9781118257654.
An edited book
A Tissue Regeneration Approach to Bone and Cartilage Repair; Zreiqat, H., Dunstan, C.R., Rosen, V., Eds.; Mechanical Engineering Series; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; ISBN 9783319132655.
A chapter in an edited book
Damiani, C. Modelling the Influence of Cell Signaling on the Dynamics of Gene Regulatory Networks. In Biomechanics of Cells and Tissues: Experiments, Models and Simulations; Lecca, P., Ed.; Lecture Notes in Computational Vision and Biomechanics; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2013; pp. 103–130 ISBN 9789400758896.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antibodies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. The Universe’s Most Miraculous Molecule (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Telecommunications Relay Service: FCC Should Strengthen Its Management of Program to Assist Persons with Hearing or Speech Disabilities; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2015;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chan, J.A. An in-home visitation program for Meals-on-Wheels recipients: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dynarski, S. Where College Ratings Hits the Wall. New York Times 2014, BU7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAntibodies
AbbreviationAntibodies (Basel)
ISSN (online)2073-4468

Other styles