How to format your references using the Antibodies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Antibodies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grinnell, F. It is time to update US biomedical funding. Nature 2013, 501, 137.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tram, U.; Sullivan, W. Role of delayed nuclear envelope breakdown and mitosis in Wolbachia-induced cytoplasmic incompatibility. Science 2002, 296, 1124–1126.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mazmanian, S.K.; Round, J.L.; Kasper, D.L. A microbial symbiosis factor prevents intestinal inflammatory disease. Nature 2008, 453, 620–625.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liang, W.-Y.; Wang, S.; Li, H.-W.; Yin, Z.-Q.; Chen, W.; Yao, Y.; Huang, J.-Z.; Guo, G.-C.; Han, Z.-F. Proof-of-principle experiment of reference-frame-independent quantum key distribution with phase coding. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 3617.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Estampe, D. Supply Chain Performance and Evaluation Models; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2014; ISBN 9781119005421.
An edited book
Winter, H. Slow Heavy-Particle Induced Electron Emission from Solid Surfaces; Burgdörfer, J., Ed.; Springer Tracts in Modern Physics; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007; Vol. 225; ISBN 9783540707882.
A chapter in an edited book
Ferretti, M.; Parmentola, A. The University-Driven LISs. In The Creation of Local Innovation Systems in Emerging Countries: The Role of Governments, Firms and Universities; Parmentola, A., Ed.; SpringerBriefs in Regional Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; pp. 91–114 ISBN 9783319104393.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Antibodies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. From Science Fiction To Reality: The Dawn Of The Biofabricator Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Weather Satellite Costs Have Increased: Problems Have Occurred in Their Manufacturing Quality Control; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1985;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Waterman, M.A. Housing for the homeless mentally ill population: A grant writing project. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. Green Day Is No. 1. New York Times 2016, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAntibodies
AbbreviationAntibodies (Basel)
ISSN (online)2073-4468

Other styles