How to format your references using the Journal of Urban Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Atwood, H.L., 2006. Neuroscience. Gatekeeper at the synapse. Science 312, 1008–1009.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sothmann, B., Flindt, C., 2013. Physics. Quantized electronic heat flow. Science 342, 569–570.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vieira-Pires, R.S., Szollosi, A., Morais-Cabral, J.H., 2013. The structure of the KtrAB potassium transporter. Nature 496, 323–328.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bock-Marquette, I., Saxena, A., White, M.D., Dimaio, J.M., Srivastava, D., 2004. Thymosin beta4 activates integrin-linked kinase and promotes cardiac cell migration, survival and cardiac repair. Nature 432, 466–472.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pettit, J., 2017. The Final Frontier. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Santiago-Fandiño, V., Kontar, Y.A., Kaneda, Y. (Eds.), 2015. Post-Tsunami Hazard: Reconstruction and Restoration, Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Shah, S., Sharma, G., 2014. Current Clinical Diagnostic Tests for Asthma, in: Brasier, A.R. (Ed.), Heterogeneity in Asthma, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 75–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban Economics.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Dinosaurs Couldn’t Sing But Ancient Birds Could Honk [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Government Civilian Aircraft: Use of Government Aircraft by the Attorney General and FBI Director (No. GGD-90-84). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moore, J., 2012. Recall after conscious sedation for gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures and its effect on patient satisfaction (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2014. Film Delves Into Lives of Strippers in Dallas. New York Times A27B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Atwood, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Atwood, 2006; Sothmann and Flindt, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sothmann and Flindt, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Bock-Marquette et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban Economics
AbbreviationJ. Urban Econ.
ISSN (print)0094-1190
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Urban Studies

Other styles