How to format your references using the Journal of Urban Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Patel, A.D., 2008. Science & music: talk of the tone. Nature 453, 726–727.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aebersold, R., Mann, M., 2003. Mass spectrometry-based proteomics. Nature 422, 198–207.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhou, H., Pei, Y., Fang, D., 2014. Magnetic field tunable small-scale mechanical properties of nickel single crystals measured by nanoindentation technique. Sci. Rep. 4, 4583.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Robinson, E.J.H., Jackson, D.E., Holcombe, M., Ratnieks, F.L.W., 2005. Insect communication: “no entry” signal in ant foraging. Nature 438, 442.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alberty, R.A., 2011. Enzyme Kinetics: Rapid-Equilibrium Enzyme Kinetics, Methods of Biochemical Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Wang, Y., Xiong, H., Argamon, S., Li, X., Li, J. (Eds.), 2015. Big Data Computing and Communications: First International Conference, BigCom 2015, Taiyuan, China, August 1-3, 2015, Proceedings, 1st ed. 2015. ed, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Auguste, P., Vincent, F., Gabbiani, G., Desmoulière, A., 2008. The fibroblast and myofibroblast in inflammatory angiogenesis, in: Seed, M.P., Walsh, D.A. (Eds.), Angiogenesis in Inflammation: Mechanisms and Clinical Correlates. Birkhäuser, Basel, pp. 59–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. The Weird And Wonderful Ways That Different Animals Find A Mating Partner [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Federal Efforts to Ensure Continued Delivery of Key State-Administered Benefits (No. T-AIMD-99-241). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mendoza-Williams, J., 2015. Road to success: The experiences of academically successful graduation-bound African American males (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., 2017. Another Failed Festival Puts Industry on Edge. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Patel, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Aebersold and Mann, 2003; Patel, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aebersold and Mann, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Robinson et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban Economics
AbbreviationJ. Urban Econ.
ISSN (print)0094-1190
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Urban Studies

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