How to format your references using the Journal of Urban Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Strano, M.S., 2012. Chemistry. Functional DNA origami devices. Science 338, 890–891.
A journal article with 2 authors
Endy, D., Brent, R., 2001. Modelling cellular behaviour. Nature 409, 391–395.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ruder, W.C., Lu, T., Collins, J.J., 2011. Synthetic biology moving into the clinic. Science 333, 1248–1252.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pätzold, M., Tellmann, S., Häusler, B., Hinson, D., Schaa, R., Tyler, G.L., 2005. A sporadic third layer in the ionosphere of Mars. Science 310, 837–839.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Phillips, J.J., Phillips, P., Pulliam, A., 2014. Measuring ROI in Environment, Health, and Safety. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Yoshida, Y., Langouche, G. (Eds.), 2015. Defects and Impurities in Silicon Materials: An Introduction to Atomic-Level Silicon Engineering, Lecture Notes in Physics. Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Alberts, D.S., Clouser, M.C., 2010. Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy: Phase III Trials, in: Alberts, D.S., Clouser, M.C., Hess, L.M. (Eds.), Intraperitoneal Therapy for Ovarian Cancer. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 37–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban Economics.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Comet To Make Close Approach To Mars [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Progress Made at Department of Labor, But Key Systems at Risk (No. T-AIMD-98-303). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Platt, J.B., 2008. Feast in the time of terror: Stalinist temporal paradox and the 1937 Pushkin Jubilee (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GEORGE GENE GUSTINES; Compiled by DAVE ITZKOFF, 2010. Motion Comic Recalls Rescuers In Holocaust. New York Times C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Strano, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Endy and Brent, 2001; Strano, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Endy and Brent, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Pätzold et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban Economics
AbbreviationJ. Urban Econ.
ISSN (print)0094-1190
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Urban Studies

Other styles