How to format your references using the Journal of Urban Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Relman, D.A., 2013. Microbiology. Undernutrition--looking within for answers. Science 339, 530–532.
A journal article with 2 authors
Feldman, D.E., Brecht, M., 2005. Map plasticity in somatosensory cortex. Science 310, 810–815.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zijlstra, P., Chon, J.W.M., Gu, M., 2009. Five-dimensional optical recording mediated by surface plasmons in gold nanorods. Nature 459, 410–413.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pohl, T., Al-Muqdadi, S.W., Ali, M.H., Fawzi, N.A.-M., Ehrlich, H., Merkel, B., 2014. Discovery of a living coral reef in the coastal waters of Iraq. Sci. Rep. 4, 4250.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marx, F.G., Lambert, O., Uhen, M.D., 2016. Cetacean Paleobiology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Kizza, J.M. (Ed.), 2009. A Guide to Computer Network Security, The Computer Communications and Networks. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Casadiego, J., Timme, M., 2015. Network Dynamics as an Inverse Problem, in: Mugnolo, D. (Ed.), Mathematical Technology of Networks: Bielefeld, December 2013, Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 39–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. GPS In Fake Tusks Exposes Ivory Smuggling Route [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. National Science Foundation: Steps Taken to Improve Contracting Practices, but Opportunities Exist to Do More (No. GAO-13-292). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McNamee, L., 2017. Best Practices in Higher Education Faculty Motivation (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2001. A 26-Year Dispute Over a Tower, With No End in Sight. New York Times 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Relman, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Feldman and Brecht, 2005; Relman, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Feldman and Brecht, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Pohl et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban Economics
AbbreviationJ. Urban Econ.
ISSN (print)0094-1190
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Urban Studies

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