How to format your references using the Journal of Urban Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jones, D., 2001. DaedalusThe tense road. Nature 411, 758.
A journal article with 2 authors
Willimsky, G., Blankenstein, T., 2005. Sporadic immunogenic tumours avoid destruction by inducing T-cell tolerance. Nature 437, 141–146.
A journal article with 3 authors
Assender, H., Bliznyuk, V., Porfyrakis, K., 2002. How surface topography relates to materials’ properties. Science 297, 973–976.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yoshida, Y., Kuroiwa, H., Misumi, O., Nishida, K., Yagisawa, F., Fujiwara, T., Nanamiya, H., Kawamura, F., Kuroiwa, T., 2006. Isolated chloroplast division machinery can actively constrict after stretching. Science 313, 1435–1438.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bersuker, I.B., 2010. Electronic Structure and Properties of Transition Metal Compounds. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Håkanson, L., 2008. Eutrophication in the Baltic Sea: Present Situation, Nutrient Transport Processes, Remedial Strategies, Environmental Science and Engineering, Environmental Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Mui, R., Frankl, P., 2011. Preventing Web Application Injections with Complementary Character Coding, in: Atluri, V., Diaz, C. (Eds.), Computer Security – ESORICS 2011: 16th European Symposium on Research in Computer Security, Leuven, Belgium, September 12-14,2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 80–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban Economics.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Regularly Reading Books Prolongs Your Life By Up To Two Years [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Highlights of a GAO Forum: The Federal Government’s Role in Improving Financial Literacy (No. GAO-05-93SP). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davenport, C.S., 2017. Dynamic Modeling Framework to Predict Instantaneous Status of a Tractor-Dolly System (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Back on the Mound, Harvey Has Issues With Command. New York Times D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mackman, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Le Bot, 2015; Mézard, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Willimsky and Blankenstein, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban Economics
AbbreviationJ. Urban Econ.
ISSN (print)0094-1190
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Urban Studies

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