How to format your references using the Journal of Urban Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rochmyaningsih, D., 2015. Indigenous peoples must benefit from science. Nature 526, 477.
A journal article with 2 authors
Robertson, M.P., Scott, W.G., 2007. The structural basis of ribozyme-catalyzed RNA assembly. Science 315, 1549–1553.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bhalla, U.S., Ram, P.T., Iyengar, R., 2002. MAP kinase phosphatase as a locus of flexibility in a mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling network. Science 297, 1018–1023.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ma, T.-B., Wang, L.-F., Hu, Y.-Z., Li, X., Wang, H., 2014. A shear localization mechanism for lubricity of amorphous carbon materials. Sci. Rep. 4, 3662.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boxer, H., 2014. Profitable Day and Swing Trading. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Wu, G.Y., Selsky, N., Grant-Kels, J.M. (Eds.), 2013. Atlas of Dermatological Manifestations of Gastrointestinal Disease. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Hedin, G., 2011. An Introductory Tutorial on JastAdd Attribute Grammars, in: Fernandes, J.M., Lämmel, R., Visser, J., Saraiva, J. (Eds.), Generative and Transformational Techniques in Software Engineering III: International Summer School, GTTSE 2009, Braga, Portugal, July 6-11, 2009. Revised Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 166–200.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban Economics.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2016. Organic Molecules That Glow At Room Temperature Make Energy-Efficient Lights [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Earth Resources Information Satellite System Act (No. B-181426). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DeRose, C.T., 2009. Electro-optic polymers: Materials and devices (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M.M., 2017. Is It Wrong to Body Slam a Journalist? These Days, Opinions Vary. New York Times A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rochmyaningsih, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Robertson and Scott, 2007; Rochmyaningsih, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Robertson and Scott, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Ma et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban Economics
AbbreviationJ. Urban Econ.
ISSN (print)0094-1190
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Urban Studies

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