How to format your references using the Journal of Urban Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Urban Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grangier, P., 2011. Physics. Make it quantum and continuous. Science 332, 313–314.
A journal article with 2 authors
Richardson, S.H., Shirey, S.B., 2008. Continental mantle signature of Bushveld magmas and coeval diamonds. Nature 453, 910–913.
A journal article with 3 authors
West, S.A., Pen, I., Griffin, A.S., 2002. Cooperation and competition between relatives. Science 296, 72–75.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Donato, D.C., Fontaine, J.B., Campbell, J.L., Robinson, W.D., Kauffman, J.B., Law, B.E., 2006. Post-wildfire logging hinders regeneration and increases fire risk. Science 311, 352.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hooker, J., 2000. Logic-Based Methods for Optimization. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Anantharamaiah, G.M., Goldberg, D. (Eds.), 2015. Apolipoprotein Mimetics in the Management of Human Disease. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Pakarinen, M.P., Mutanen, A., 2016. Intestinal Failure-Associated Liver Disease, in: Rintala, R.J., Pakarinen, M., Wester, T. (Eds.), Current Concepts of Intestinal Failure. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 51–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Urban Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. New human body part discovered [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Freight Transportation: Developing National Strategy Would Benefit from Added Focus on Community Congestion Impacts (No. GAO-14-740). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Takayama, M., 2010. The development of writing in Japanese and English of JHL speakers and the dynamics of bilingual learning (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2011. Letter of the Law 1, Proportion 0. New York Times SP4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grangier, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Grangier, 2011; Richardson and Shirey, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Richardson and Shirey, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Donato et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Urban Economics
AbbreviationJ. Urban Econ.
ISSN (print)0094-1190
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Urban Studies

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